SOURCE: Chief Executive Magazine

December 05, 2007 07:30 ET

CEO Confidence Freefall Continues

Confidence at Levels Not Seen Since Start of Iraq War; Sluggish Hiring Environment Expected to Last Throughout 2008

MONTVALE, NJ--(Marketwire - December 5, 2007) - Chief Executive magazine today announced the results of its monthly "CEO Confidence Index," which measures C-suite confidence in various aspects of the economy from hiring to investing to the overall business climate. In November, the Index continued its precipitous and unprecedented decline for the fourth consecutive month, sinking to 114.6 points, the lowest it's been since May of 2003, two months after the U.S. invaded Iraq.

All of the component indices, which track various fundamental elements of the economy from employment to investment to current vs. future confidence, fell in November, suggesting that the perceived weakness in the economy is spread across many sectors and that many CEOs believe that a recession is likely in the near future.

The Business Conditions Index experienced the sharpest decline this month, dropping by 19.4 points to 117.9. In July, the same index was at 184.1.

Russ Bianchi, CEO of Adept Solutions, Inc., attributed the overall decline in business conditions confidence to "the weakening U.S. dollar (against the Euro and BPS), plummeting domestic U.S. residential real estate market values and massively hiked oil prices."

However, some CEOs were astute to point out the possible benefits of the continued weakness of the U.S. dollar. Steve Townes, CEO of Ranger Aerospace, commenting on the investment environment, said, "Now is an excellent time to be a well-capitalized buyer, when others are faltering in this challenging economy."

Sporadic capital inflow benefits notwithstanding, CEOs are overwhelmingly pessimistic about the current economic environment. Only 16 percent of respondents said they expect hiring to increase over the next quarter, compared to 41 percent who expect a drop, and 43 percent who feel at best no change will occur.

Edward M. Kopko, CEO and publisher of Chief Executive magazine, said, "CEOs have been clear over the past several months that they are worried about the economic climate. The recent dramatic drop in confidence may suggest that the worst is yet to come."

To better understand the impact that the current climate will have on the future of the American labor market vis-a-vis foreign competitiveness, Chief Executive conducted additional polling this month on longer-term hiring prospects CEOs are facing. When asked how the current weakness in energy prices, the value of the dollar, and the credit markets are impacting their U.S. hiring plans for 2008, over 40 percent said it had negatively impacted their 2008 hiring plans. Conversely, only 5.5 percent of respondents said these factors have combined to increase their hiring plans.

CEOs were also asked about the prospects they face in hiring foreign labor versus domestic labor. While almost half of CEOs (44.3 percent) said they do not hire outside the U.S., for those who do, the trend is clear: CEOs are moving labor outside the U.S. at a rate of about three times as fast as those who are moving labor back to America (for more complete results, see below). They cited the cost benefits and the proximity of labor to growth markets as the top two reasons supporting this trend. One respondent, who asked to remain anonymous, pointed out additional concerns with the U.S. labor market: "Americans have an issue where they think they are entitled to something. Overseas workers tend to want the job much more. They are generally well trained and work with very little supervision. I wish I could turn most of my employees into subcontractors and let them compete for jobs."

The survey was conducted Nov. 7 through 15 among 553 top executives. For additional information regarding the confidence of public- and private-company CEOs, details about CEO attitudes on employment, investment and business conditions, visit our full report at


Chief Executive is a controlled circulation magazine that has been published since 1977. It reaches 42,000 chief executive officers and their peers, reaches a total readership of 228,000. Chief Executive Group facilitates "Chief Executive of the Year," a prestigious honor bestowed upon an outstanding corporate leader, nominated and selected by a group of his or her peers. Robert Ulrich, A. G. Lafley, George David, Fred Smith, Bill Gates, John Chambers, Michael Dell and Sandy Weill are just some of the leaders who have been honored during the award's 22-year history. Chief Executive also organizes roundtable meetings and conferences to foster opportunities for top corporate officers to discuss key subjects and share their experiences within a community of peers. Visit for more information.

CEO Index, November 2007
Respondents: 553
                              November 07     Monthly Change
CEO Index                           130.5              -14.5
Current Confidence Index            166.4              -24.4
Future Confidence Index             106.2               -7.8
Business Condition Index            141.0              -16.0
Invest Confidence Index             119.9               -0.1
Employment Confidence Index         132.5              -31.5

How have the changes in energy prices, the declining value of the dollar,
and the tightening of the credit markets impacted your U.S. hiring plans
for all of 2008 versus 2007?
Reduced Hiring Plans                 40.4%
No Impact                            54.1%
Increased Hiring Plans                5.5%

How will you utilize foreign labor markets to supplement or meet your
labor needs for 2008 versus 2007, either directly or through outsourcing
More than in 2007                    16.3%
No Difference                        33.9%
Less than in 2007                     5.6%
We do not hire outside the U.S.      44.3%

If you are making use of offshoring opportunities, what are your reasons
for doing so?
Cost Advantages                       1st
Business logistics (e.g. proximity
 to growth markets)                   2nd
Regionally specific skill sets
 needed                               3rd
Tightening of domestic labor market   4th

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