Canadian Food Inspection Agency

Canadian Food Inspection Agency

April 20, 2010 14:00 ET

Government of Canada Enhances Measures to Slow the Spread of the Emerald Ash Borer in Ontario

OTTAWA, ONTARIO--(Marketwire - April 20, 2010) - The Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) is taking further action to slow the spread of the invasive emerald ash borer (EAB) in Ontario. CFIA regulations now restrict the movement of ash tree articles and firewood of all species from the Regional Municipality of Niagara, where EAB was found in 2009. Movement of these articles is the primary way the beetle spreads to uninfested areas in Ontario. The EAB, an invasive forest pest that attacks and kills ash trees, does not spread quickly on its own and poses no risk to human or animal health.

The existing Ministerial Order for the cities of Hamilton and Toronto and the regional municipalities of Durham, York, Peel, and Halton has been expanded to include the Regional Municipality of Niagara. Ash tree articles and firewood of all species can be moved freely within this regulated area, but written permission from the CFIA must be obtained prior to any regulated articles leaving this area.

The CFIA is focusing its efforts on preventing the movement of potentially infested articles such as ash logs, branches, nursery stock, wood chips, and firewood of all species to areas where EAB has not been detected. Those who move these articles from regulated areas without prior permission from the CFIA could face fines and/or prosecution.

The CFIA will continue to work with its partners and stakeholders towards slowing the spread of EAB.


The emerald ash borer (EAB) was first discovered in Windsor, Ontario and Detroit, Michigan in 2002. It is believed that it was introduced to North America from eastern Asia in wood packing material in the early 1990s, but went undetected until its population built up to damaging levels.

To limit the spread of EAB, Ministerial Orders have been enacted to regulate areas infested by the pest. Ministerial Orders restrict the movement of ash tree articles and firewood in areas infested by EAB since people moving these articles is a major way the beetle spreads.

Specifically, Ministerial Orders prohibit people from moving the following articles outside of an infested area:

  • ash nursery stock,

  • ash trees,

  • ash logs,

  • ash wood,

  • rough lumber and other wood packing materials from ash, bark, wood chips or bark chips from ash, and

  • firewood from all tree species that has not been treated to eliminate EAB.

Movement restrictions for EAB also apply to vehicles if they are used to transport regulated articles.

Additional information on EAB and Ministerial Orders for EAB in Canada is available on the CFIA web site at

Contact Information

  • CFIA
    Media Relations