July 19, 2017 08:00 ET

ADP® Workforce Vitality Report Q2 2017 Shows Steady Growth in Wages

ROSELAND, NJ--(Marketwired - Jul 19, 2017) - According to the ADP Workforce Vitality Report, overall wage growth increased by 2.3 percent year over year across all industries in the second quarter of 2017 and is higher than the 1.8 percent growth in wages reported by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). The ADP Workforce Vitality Report tracks the same set of workers over time, which provides a more insightful picture of wage growth than overall wage growth. This set of workers includes job holders, who stayed in their same job for at least one year, and those who changed jobs, referred to as job switchers.

Job holders' wages grew by 4.4 percent and job switchers' wages grew slightly less by 3.4 percent year over year in the second quarter. On average, job holders' hourly wage levels were $10 more than that of job switchers'. Tracking full-time workers alone, job switchers increased their wages by an average of 4.9 percent when compared to job holders, who saw their wages rise by 4.4 percent. 

TABLE 1: Annual Wage Growth Q2 2017

  Quarter   Wage Level   YOY Wage Growth
  Holders   Switchers   Holders   Switchers
  Q3 2016   $29.07   $19.59   4.3%   3.6%
  Q4 2016   $29.16   $19.32   4.3%   3.7%
  Q1 2017   $29.58   $19.44   4.3%   3.6%
  Q2 2017   $29.62   $19.85   4.4%   3.4%

Considering wages across industries, the service sector proved to be more attractive for job switchers than the goods sector. Across most service industries, job switchers' wage growth exceeded that of job holders. The information industry led the way in wage growth in the second quarter where job holders wages increased by 5.2 percent. Meanwhile, full-time workers who switched jobs to the leisure and hospitality industry gained the most with a 6.7 percent increase in wages.

"In the second quarter, job holders experienced a slight acceleration in wage growth on a yearly basis across most industries," said Ahu Yildirmaz, co-head of the ADP Research Institute®. "This could be a result of increased efforts by employers to retain their employees as the labor market continues to tighten and skilled talent becomes scarce."

TABLE 2: Q2 2017 Annual Wage Growth by Industry

  Industry Wage Level Full-Time YOY Wage Growth Full-Time Yearly Employment Growth
Holders Switchers Holders Switchers
  ALL $34.09 $35.77 4.4% 4.9% 1.9%
  Manufacturing $33.82 $39.10 4.2% 3.5% 1.3%
  Construction $31.71 $28.51 4.9% 5.2% 1.7%
  Resources and Mining $41.57 $32.96 4.4% -2.9% 2.4%
  Finance and Real Estate $37.57 $35.56 4.7% 4.7% 2.4%
  Information $44.21 $47.60 5.2% 5.8% 0.0%
  Professional and Business Services $40.29 $39.57 4.4% 5.6% 3.0%
  Leisure and Hospitality $25.73 $23.18 5.0% 6.7% 2.8%
  Education and Health Services $31.43 $30.02 4.0% 5.8% 1.7%
  Trade, Transportation, and Utilities $31.35 $29.76 4.2% 4.2% 0.9%

Looking at labor market dynamics across all regions there is some variability. The average wage level for job holders in the Midwest is the lowest of all four regions with a rate of $26.97 per hour. This could be due to the weak goods-sector and relative cost of living in this area. The West, however, continues to be the strongest region for both employment and job growth. 

TABLE 3: Q2 2017 Annual Growth by Region

  Region Annual
  Wage Level,
  Wage Growth,
  West 2.3%   $32.23   4.9%
  South 2.3%   $28.35   4.2%
  Northeast 1.5%   $32.09   4.3%
  Midwest 1.3%   $26.97   4.4%

To summarize the trends across a variety of dimensions; the strongest wage growth can be found in the West, the leisure & hospitality and information industries, among women and younger workers, workers with little job tenure and those employed in large companies. 

TABLE 4: Who Fared the Best in Second Quarter: Annual Wage Growth for Job Holders

  Age   24 and younger   8.8%
  Tenure   Less than 3 years   5.5%
  Industry   Leisure & Hospitality/Information   5.0%
  Region   West   4.9%
  Gender   Female   4.7%
  Size   500-999   4.7%

The 3rd Quarter 2017 ADP Workforce Vitality Report will be released on Wednesday, October 18, 2017.

About the ADP Workforce Vitality Report
The ADP Workforce Vitality Report was developed by the ADP Research Institute in collaboration with Moody's Analytics. It is an unprecedented, in-depth quarterly analysis of the vitality of the U.S. labor market based on actual data that identifies labor market trends and dynamics across multiple dimensions. These dimensions include employment growth, job turnover, wage growth and hours worked. In addition to the macro data presented in the report, there are also segment-specific findings by industry, state, gender, age, experience, and pay level. For more information about the report, please visit

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