SOURCE: AVI BioPharma, Inc.

AVI BioPharma, Inc.

March 16, 2010 07:15 ET

AVI BioPharma Announces Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2009 Financial Results

Financial Results and Corporate Update Conference Call Today at 8:30 a.m. Eastern Time (5:30 a.m. Pacific)

BOTHELL, WA--(Marketwire - March 16, 2010) - AVI BioPharma, Inc. (NASDAQ: AVII), a developer of RNA-based drugs, today reported financial results for the three and twelve months ending December 31, 2009.

"We've achieved significant progress over the past year. Our DMD program delivered the first clinical evidence of efficacy in two trials and our biodefense business, based on past successes and new data, garnered up to $22.5 million in new government drug development contracts. We also significantly improved our R&D and business capabilities as part of our headquarters move to the greater Seattle area," stated Leslie Hudson, Ph.D., President and CEO of AVI BioPharma. "In 2010 we plan to advance and expand our DMD program guided by the outcome of the ongoing systemic trial of AVI-4658. We intend to leverage our biodefense successes and believe we may have the opportunity to develop an influenza therapeutic program."

Revenues for the fourth quarter of 2009 were $5.1 million, compared to $5.5 million in the fourth quarter of 2008. Revenues for the full year ended December 31, 2009 were $17.6 million, compared to $21.3 million in the full year ended December 31, 2008, reflecting decreases in research contract revenues of $3.7 million.

The operating loss for the fourth quarter of 2009 was $4.0 million compared to an operating loss of $2.9 million from the same period in the prior year. The operating loss for the fourth quarter of 2009 was more than the loss from the fourth quarter of 2008 as the result of higher research and development costs associated with our Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy project.

The operating loss for the full year ended December 31, 2009 decreased to $15.5 million from $27.5 million for the prior year period. In 2008, operating loss included a charge of $9.9 million for acquired in-process research and development associated with the acquisition of Ercole Biotech, Inc. The operating loss in 2009 also decreased compared to 2008 as a result of lower research and development and general and administrative expenses.

The net income for the fourth quarter of 2009 was $3.5 million, or $0.03 per share, compared with a net loss for the fourth quarter of 2008 of $1.1 million, or $(0.01) per share. The net income for the fourth quarter of 2009 includes a non-cash income for warrant liability of $7.8 million compared to a gain from the same source of $1.7 million during the fourth quarter of 2008. For the full year ended December 31, 2009, the Company reported a net loss of $25.2 million, or $(0.27) per share, compared with a net loss for the comparable period in 2008 of $24.0 million, or $(0.34) per share. The net loss for the full year ended December 31, 2009 includes a non-cash expense for warrant liability of $9.2 million compared to a gain of $3.2 million during the same period of 2008. These are non-cash liabilities; the Company does not expect to expend any cash to settle these liabilities. The increase on warrant valuation is a non-cash expense and is the result of the increase in the Company's stock price subsequent to the issuance of warrants as a part of the equity financings that closed in January and August of 2009. The increase or decrease on the warrant valuation will fluctuate as the market price of the Company's stock.

Research and development (R&D) expenses for the fourth quarter of 2009 increased to $6.6 million from $5.1 million during the fourth quarter of 2008. R&D expenses for the full year ended December 31, 2009 decreased to $24.4 million from $27.3 million in the prior year period. The increase in R&D expenses for the fourth quarter 2009 was due primarily to increases in the spending for the Duchene Muscular Dystrophy program. The decrease in R&D expenses for the full year ended December 31, 2009 was due primarily to decreases in government research contracting costs associated with the decline in government research contract revenue.

General and administrative (G&A) expenses for the fourth quarter of 2009 decreased to $2.5 million, from $3.3 million in the prior year's fourth quarter. G&A expenses in the year ended December 31, 2009 decreased to $8.7 million from $11.5 million in the prior-year period. The G&A expense decrease for the current year vs. the prior year time frame was due primarily to stock compensation expenses incurred in the prior-year quarter related to the Ercole acquisition, the resignation of former executive officers and relocation costs of new executive officers.

Net interest income and other expenses declined primarily due to declines in market rates of interest on the Company's interest-earning investments and the write off of valuations for patents, property and equipment.

We had cash, cash equivalents and short-term securities of $48.4 million as of December 31, 2009, an increase of $36.9 million from December 31, 2008. This increase was primarily due to two equity financings that raised aggregate net proceeds of $47.8 million, partially offset by cash used in operations of $8.8 million, property and equipment and patent-related costs of approximately $2.0 million, and debt repayments of $0.1 million.

2010 Guidance

For 2010, AVI provides guidance for expenditures for operations, net of government funding and other collaborative efforts, to be approximately $23 million to $27 million. The Company believes it will continue to receive funding from government and other sources to pursue the development of product candidates, and has assumed certain revenues from these awards in providing this guidance. If the Company does not continue to receive the funding from its current contracts, our guidance may change.

2009 and Recent Corporate Developments

Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD)

-- AVI showed impressive levels of new dystrophin expression in DMD
   patients in a Phase 1 trial evaluating intramuscular injection of
   AVI-4658, AVI's lead drug candidate with potential to treat DMD
   by skipping exon 51.
-- Announced positive data from the initial cohorts in Study 28, the
   Phase 1b/2 clinical trial evaluating systemic delivery of AVI-4658
   for the treatment of patients with DMD. RNA exon skipping was seen
   in 3 of 3 patients with DMD following treatment with 2 or 4 mg/kg,
   including one patient with robust dystrophin protein expression.
-- Completed dosing of all 19 DMD patients enrolled in the ongoing Study
   28, with the final two cohorts, five and six, completing 12 weeks of
   dosing in 4 patients each at 10 mg/kg and 20 mg/kg, respectively with
-- Entered into or expanded DMD program agreements for up to $7.2 million
   in non-dilutive funding to support and build upon proof-of-concept
   established in two clinical trials in 2009:
     -- Amended the Charley's Fund, Inc. sponsored research agreement
        providing up to an additional $3 million in sponsored research
        funding to support the development of AVI-5038, AVI's lead drug
        candidate to treat DMD by skipping exon 50.
     -- Established a $2.5 million contract with Children's National
        Medical Center of Washington, D.C., with funding from the US
        Department of Defense, to conduct preclinical studies supporting
        the development of AVI-4658 as a DMD treatment.
     -- Entered into an agreement with Action Duchenne providing
        Approximately $1.2 million in funding to support AVI's
        DMD-related research, development and regulatory efforts.
     -- Received grants totaling $500,000 from CureDuchenne and the
        Foundation to Eradicated Duchenne to support continuing
        development of drug candidates to treat DMD.
-- Received US and European Orphan Drug Designation for AVI-5038.

Biodefense Program

-- Based on successful research culminating in open INDs for our candidate
   drugs targeting Ebola and Marburg viruses, we submitted two proposals
   to the US Department of Defense (DOD) to develop FDA approvable medical
   countermeasures for Ebola and Marburg viruses in response to an RFP
   published in November 2009 by the DOD Transformational Medical
   Technologies Initiative to develop medical countermeasures
   (therapeutics) for the treatment of hemorrhagic fever viruses.
-- Expanded existing contract with the Defense Threat Reduction Agency
   (DTRA) to include up to $5.9 million in additional research and
   development of RNA-based drugs targeting Ebola and Marburg viruses.
-- Expanded the DTRA contract to include $11.5 million of new funding for
   additional research and development of AVI's RNA-based Junín drug

   Influenza Therapeutic

-- Entered into a contract worth up to $5.1 million with the DTRA for the
   development of RNA-based drugs targeting the H1N1 swine flu virus. In
   partnership with the US government, we successfully conducted an
   exercise demonstrating the ability to rapidly respond to a real-world
   emerging viral threat.


-- Moved the AVI corporate headquarters to the greater Seattle area to
   build the management, clinical development and drug discovery
   capabilities by drawing upon the region's greater biotechnology sector
   relevant expertise:
     -- Established a new biology and chemistry research group in
        Bothell, WA.
     -- Appointed Paul Medeiros as Chief Business Officer.
     -- Appointed Dr. Steve Shrewsbury as Chief Medical Officer.
-- Announced our understanding that our partner Cook Therapeutics decided
   to discontinue development of its cobalt-chromium stent coated with
   AVI-5126 because of an unexpectedly high rate of restenosis.
-- Appointed Drs. Christopher Henney and Kathleen Behrens to AVI's board
   of directors.
-- Completed two offerings of common stock and warrants providing the
   company with approximately $50 million in aggregate gross proceeds.

Conference Call

A conference call to review the financial results and provide a corporate update will be held today, March 16, 2010, at 8:30 a.m. Eastern time (5:30 a.m. Pacific time). Dr. Leslie Hudson, AVI's President and Chief Executive Officer, and J. David Boyle II, AVI's Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer, will host the call.

The conference call may be accessed by dialing 866.578.5771 for domestic callers and 617.213.8055 for international callers. The passcode for the call is 39302987. Please specify to the operator that you would like to join the "AVI BioPharma fourth quarter and year end 2009 earnings call." The conference call will be webcast live under the events section of AVI's website at, and will be archived there following the call. Please connect to AVI's website several minutes prior to the start of the broadcast to ensure adequate time for any software download that may be necessary.

About AVI BioPharma

AVI BioPharma is focused on the discovery and development of RNA-based drugs utilizing proprietary derivatives of its antisense chemistry (morpholino-modified phosphorodiamidate oligomers or PMOs) that can be applied to a wide range of diseases and genetic disorders through several distinct mechanisms of action. Unlike other RNA therapeutic approaches, AVI's antisense technology has been used to directly target both messenger RNA (mRNA) and its precursor (pre-mRNA), allowing for both up and down-regulation of targeted genes and proteins. AVI's RNA-based drug programs are being evaluated for the treatment of Duchenne muscular dystrophy, including an ongoing systemic Phase 1b/2 clinical trial of exon skipping with AVI-4658. AVI's antiviral programs have demonstrated promising outcomes in Ebola Zaire and Marburg Musoke virus infections and may prove applicable to other viral targets such as Junín, influenza, HCV or Dengue viruses. For more information, visit

"Safe Harbor" Statement under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995: The statements that are not historical facts contained in this release are forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties, including, but not limited to, the results of research and development efforts, the results of preclinical and clinical testing, the effect of regulation by the FDA and other agencies, the impact of competitive products, product development, commercialization and technological difficulties, and other risks detailed in the company's Securities and Exchange Commission filings.

                            AVI BIOPHARMA, INC.
                      (A Development-Stage Company)
                (in thousands, except per share amounts)

                              Three Months Ended      Twelve Months Ended
                                 December 31,            December 31,
                            ----------------------  ----------------------
                               2009        2008        2009        2008
                            ----------  ----------  ----------  ----------
Revenues from license fees,
 grants and research
 contracts                  $    5,141  $    5,479  $   17,585  $   21,258

Operating expenses:
  Research and development       6,624       5,070      24,396      27,331
  General and administrative     2,470       3,303       8,696      11,469
  Acquired in-process
   research and development          -           -           -       9,916
                            ----------  ----------  ----------  ----------
Operating loss                  (3,953)     (2,894)    (15,507)    (27,458)

Other income (loss):
  Interest (expense)
   income and other, net          (312)         36        (454)        344
  (Increase) decrease
   on warrant valuation          7,791       1,718      (9,198)      3,161
                            ----------  ----------  ----------  ----------

Net income (loss)           $    3,526  $   (1,140) $  (25,159) $  (23,953)
                            ==========  ==========  ==========  ==========
Net income (loss) per
 share--basic               $     0.03  $    (0.01) $    (0.27) $    (0.34)
                            ==========  ==========  ==========  ==========
Net income (loss) per
 share--diluted             $     0.03  $    (0.01) $    (0.27) $    (0.34)
                            ==========  ==========  ==========  ==========
Shares used in per share
 calculations - basic          110,266      71,074      93,090      69,491
                            ==========  ==========  ==========  ==========
Shares used in per share
 calculations - diluted        125,647      71,074      93,090      69,491
                            ==========  ==========  ==========  ==========

                      (in thousands)

                                        December 31, December 31,
                                            2009         2008
                                        -----------  -----------
Cash, cash equivalents and
 short-term securities                  $    48,446  $    11,474
Total current assets                         51,310       17,044
Total assets                                 60,027       25,536
Total current liabilities                    33,507        7,288
Total shareholders' equity              $    23,630  $    15,732