AXT, Inc.

July 31, 2014 16:10 ET

AXT, Inc. Announces Second Quarter 2014 Financial Results

FREMONT, CA--(Marketwired - Jul 31, 2014) - AXT, Inc. (NASDAQ: AXTI), a leading manufacturer of compound semiconductor substrates, today reported financial results for the second quarter ended June 30, 2014.

Second Quarter 2014 Results
Revenue for the second quarter of 2014 was $21.4 million compared with $19.3 million in the first quarter of 2014. Total gallium arsenide (GaAs) substrate revenue was $11.3 million for the second quarter of 2014, compared with $8.5 million in the first quarter of 2014. Indium phosphide (InP) substrate revenue was $3.0 million for the second quarter of 2014, compared with $2.2 million in the first quarter of 2014. Germanium (Ge) substrate revenue was $1.7 million for the second quarter of 2014, compared with $3.2 million in the first quarter of 2014. Raw materials sales were $5.4 million for the second quarter of 2014, consistent with $5.4 million in the first quarter of 2014.

Gross margin was 19.4 percent of revenue for the second quarter of 2014, compared with 14.1 percent of revenue in the first quarter of 2014.

Operating expenses were $4.7 million in the second quarter of 2014, compared with $5.1 million in the first quarter of 2014. The decrease in operating expenses was primarily the result of cost-savings initiatives that were implemented during the first quarter of 2014.

Loss from operations for the second quarter of 2014 was $515,000 compared with a loss from operations of $2.4 million in the first quarter of 2014. 

Net interest and other income for the second quarter of 2014 was $1.2 million, which was primarily attributable to $625,000 from equity earnings of the company's unconsolidated joint ventures, $324,000 from the sale of IntelliEpi stock, $158,000 from a gain on foreign exchange and $127,000 from interest income. This compares with net interest and other income of $624,000 in the first quarter of 2014, which was mainly attributable to $487,000 equity earnings of our unconsolidated joint ventures, and $127,000 from interest income.

Net income in the second quarter of 2014 was $319,000 or $0.01 per diluted share compared with net loss of $2.0 million or $0.06 per diluted share in the first quarter of 2014. 

Management Qualitative Comments
"Q2 was a positive quarter for AXT," said Morris Young, chief executive officer. "Through a combination of higher revenues, positive sales mix, other income and the first full quarter of benefit from our cost-savings measures, we achieved profitability ahead of our plan. In addition, with continued focus on cash management, we drove improvement in our balance sheet, growing our cash position and reducing inventory. While the business environment remains challenging, during the second quarter we experienced stronger demand in both our semi-insulating and semi-conducting gallium arsenide substrates as well as continued strength in indium phosphide. Looking forward, we remain cautiously optimistic about our opportunities to drive further growth in our business."

Conference Call
The company will host a conference call to discuss these results today at 1:30 p.m. PDT. The conference call can be accessed at (719) 325-2393 (passcode 1988577). The call will also be simulcast on the Internet at Replays will be available at (719) 457-0820 (passcode 1988577) until August 7, 2014. Financial and statistical information to be discussed in the call will be available on the company's website immediately prior to commencement of the call. Additional investor information can be accessed at or by calling the company's Investor Relations Department at (510) 683-5900.

AXT will provide highlights of its second quarter results on today's conference call, but investors can find the full financial summary on the investor relations portion of the company's website at

About AXT, Inc.
AXT designs, develops, manufactures and distributes high-performance compound and single element semiconductor substrates comprising gallium arsenide (GaAs), indium phosphide (InP) and germanium (Ge) through its manufacturing facilities in Beijing, China. In addition, AXT maintains its sales, administration and customer service functions at its headquarters in Fremont, California. The company's substrate products are used primarily in lighting display applications, wireless communications, fiber optic communications and solar cell. Its vertical gradient freeze (VGF) technique for manufacturing semiconductor substrates provides significant benefits over other methods and enabled AXT to become a leading manufacturer of such substrates. AXT has manufacturing facilities in China and invests in joint ventures in China producing raw materials. For more information, see AXT's website at

Safe Harbor Statement
The foregoing paragraphs contain forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Federal Securities laws, including statements regarding the market demand for our products, our market opportunity, our business planning and management approach and our expectations with respect to our business prospects. These forward-looking statements are based upon specific assumptions that are subject to uncertainties and factors relating to the company's operations and business environment, which could cause actual results of the company to differ materially from those expressed or implied in the forward-looking statements contained in the foregoing discussion. These uncertainties and factors include but are not limited to: overall conditions in the markets in which the company competes; global financial conditions and uncertainties; market acceptance and demand for the company's products; the impact of factory closures or other events causing delays by our customers on the timing of sales of our products; and other factors as set forth in the company's annual report on Form 10-K and other filings made with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Each of these factors is difficult to predict and many are beyond the company's control. The company does not undertake any obligation to update any forward-looking statement, as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.

(Unaudited, in thousands, except per share data)
    Three Months Ended     Six Months Ended  
    June 30,     June 30,  
    2014     2013     2014     2013  
Revenue   $ 21,449     $ 23,831     $ 40,794     $ 46,211  
Cost of revenue     17,289       20,746       33,916       39,642  
Gross profit     4,160       3,085       6,878       6,569  
Operating expenses:                                
  Selling, general and administrative     3,688       4,207       7,124       8,132  
  Research and development     987       1,039       1,762       1,861  
  Restructuring charge                     907          
    Total operating expenses     4,675       5,246       9,793       9,993  
Income (loss) from operations     (515 )     (2,161 )     (2,915 )     (3,424 )
Interest income, net     127       50       254       81  
Equity in earnings of unconsolidated joint ventures     625       471       1,112       753  
Other income (expense), net     476       381       486       (444 )
Income (loss) before provision for income taxes     713       (1,259 )     (1,063 )     (3,034 )
Provision (benefit) for income taxes     152       342       211       526  
Net income (loss)     561       (1,601 )     (1,274 )     (3,560 )
Less: Net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interest     (242 )     (434 )     (447 )     (875 )
Net income (loss) attributable to AXT, Inc.   $ 319     $ (2,035 )   $ (1,721 )   $ (4,435 )
Net income (loss) attributable to AXT, Inc. per common share:                                
  Basic   $ 0.01     $ (0.06 )   $ (0.06 )   $ (0.14 )
  Diluted   $ 0.01     $ (0.06 )   $ (0.06 )   $ (0.14 )
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding:                                
  Basic     32,381       32,382       32,407       32,340  
  Diluted     32,597       32,382       32,407       32,340  
(Unaudited, in thousands)  
    June 30,     December 31,  
    2014     2013  
Current assets                
  Cash and cash equivalents   $ 26,307     $ 24,961  
  Short-term investments     22,097       12,499  
  Accounts receivable, net     19,288       14,943  
  Inventories     35,263       39,127  
  Related party notes receivable - current     0       0  
  Prepaid expenses and other current assets     4,695       8,010  
    Total current assets     107,650       99,540  
Long-term investments     959       10,145  
Property, plant and equipment, net     35,226       37,621  
Related party notes receivable - long-term     1,703       1,715  
Other assets     15,170       14,801  
    Total assets   $ 160,708     $ 163,822  
Liabilities and stockholders' equity:                
Current liabilities                
  Accounts payable   $ 6,612     $ 8,140  
  Accrued liabilities     7,122       7,286  
    Total current liabilities     13,734       15,426  
Long-term portion of royalty payments     2,125       2,525  
Other long-term liabilities     366       325  
    Total liabilities     16,225       18,276  
Stockholders' equity:                
Preferred stock     3,532       3,532  
Common stock     32       32  
Additional paid-in capital     194,751       194,156  
Accumulated deficit     (68,726 )     (67,005 )
Accumulated other comprehensive income     8,722       8,953  
    Total AXT, Inc. stockholders' equity     138,311       139,668  
Noncontrolling interest     6,172       5,878  
    Total stockholders' equity     144,483       145,546  
    Total liabilities and stockholders' equity   $ 160,708     $ 163,822  

Contact Information

  • Contacts:
    Morris S. Young
    Chief Executive Officer
    (510) 683-5900

    Leslie Green
    Green Communications Consulting, LLC
    (650) 312-9060