May 23, 2013 09:00 ET

Behind the Music: The True Story of Bob Marley's "Buffalo Soldier" Celebrates the 30th Anniversary of Marley's Album by Opening Military Records of the Real Buffalo Soldiers Who Inspired the Song

PROVO, UT--(Marketwired - May 23, 2013) -, the world's largest online family history resource, is celebrating the 30th anniversary of Bob Marley's hit song "Buffalo Soldier." The song commemorates African American soldiers' important part in expanding the American territories via their admirable "fight for survival." The family history site is making its records of these actual Buffalo Soldiers who inspired the song, available to the public, free of charge.

While the song was hugely popular, the men behind it were not. As the first African American U.S. Army units after the Civil War, the Buffalo Soldiers were some of America's unsung heroes until Bob Marley made their story famous.

"Bob Marley was obviously moved by the important role these first African American troops played in the history of America," said Dan Jones, VP of Content for "The 30th anniversary of the song's release is a perfect time to reflect on what their hard work did for this country and how their struggles inspired musical legends like Bob Marley."

Handwritten records reveal that life for the soldiers was difficult -- even by military standards. The troops were given used uniforms, guns that didn't always work and were not even issued shoes. When they arrived at the western battlegrounds, the troops found the forts to be in great disrepair, in need of rebuilding before the troops could even fight in battle. The records track the soldier's special assignments, promotions, reassignments, sicknesses and more.

Though African American regiments have existed since the Revolutionary War, it wasn't until the 9th and 10th Cavalry Regiment of the United States Army that they would receive the nickname of Buffalo Soldiers. During a skirmish with the Native American tribes the Buffalo Soldiers received the moniker that Bob Marley would later commemorate in his song. Although the tribes fought ferociously against the U.S. soldiers, almost the entire company of soldiers survived the battle. The Native Americans were impressed with the Buffalo Soldiers' tenacity, and as a sign of respect, they likened the Army units to a buffalo that will keep charging despite injuries or circumstance.

"We are happy to be able to bring to life the history behind the iconic song," Jones said. "By being able to shed light on the 'Buffalo Soldiers,' we hope to inspire more people to look into where they come from."

These regiments would remain intact until the start of WWII, when they were disbanded and reorganized into other regiments. The name of Buffalo Soldiers would follow over with some of the men, but the name traditionally belongs to those men who fought with tenacity and bravery in the 9th and 10th Cavalry Regiment of the United States Army.

To find out more about the lives of the real Buffalo Soldiers, visit this Memorial Day weekend for access to the database, as part of 155 million military records that will be made available for free to the public through the 27th of May. One weekend not enough? Dig deeper into the past or see if you're connected to the soldiers in Marley's song by heading to to sign up for a free 14-day trial.

About LLC is the world's largest online family history resource with approximately 2.7 million paying subscribers across all its websites. More than 11 billion records have been added to the sites and users have created more than 47 million family trees containing more than 5 billion profiles. In addition to its flagship site, the company operates several Ancestry international websites along with a suite of online family history brands including, and, all designed to empower people to discover, preserve and share their family history.

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