BMO Financial Group
TSX : BMO
NYSE : BMO

BMO Financial Group
BMO Bank of Montreal

BMO Bank of Montreal

December 03, 2013 07:30 ET

BMO Financial Group Reports Record Net Income of $4.2 Billion for Fiscal 2013

TORONTO, ONTARIO--(Marketwired - Dec. 3, 2013) - BMO Financial Group (TSX:BMO)(NYSE:BMO) and Bank of Montreal -

Financial Results Highlights:

Fiscal 2013 Compared with Fiscal 2012:

  • Net income of $4,248 million, up 1%; adjusted net income1 of $4,276 million, up 5%

  • EPS2 of $6.26, up 2%; adjusted EPS1,2 of $6.30, up 5%

  • ROE of 14.9%, compared with 15.9%; adjusted ROE1 of 15.0%, compared with 15.5%

  • Provisions for credit losses of $589 million, compared with $765 million; adjusted provisions for credit losses1 of $359 million, compared with $471 million

  • Basel III Common Equity Tier 1 Ratio of 9.9%

Fourth Quarter 2013 Compared with Fourth Quarter 2012:

  • Net income of $1,088 million, up 1%; adjusted net income1 of $1,102 million, down 2%

  • EPS2 of $1.62, up 2%; adjusted EPS1,2 of $1.64, down 1%

  • ROE of 15.0%, compared with 15.6%; adjusted ROE1 of 15.2%, compared with 16.3%

  • Provisions for credit losses of $189 million, compared with $192 million; adjusted provisions for credit losses1 of $140 million, compared with $113 million

For fiscal 2013, net income was $4,248 million and EPS was $6.26. Adjusted net income was $4,276 million and adjusted EPS was $6.30. For the fourth quarter ended October 31, 2013, BMO Financial Group reported net income of $1,088 million or $1.62 per share on a reported basis and net income of $1,102 million or $1.64 per share on an adjusted basis.

"BMO's fourth quarter results mark the finish to a year in which the Bank achieved record revenue, net income and earnings per share, while generating the best one-year total shareholder return among the Canadian banks at 29 per cent," said Bill Downe, Chief Executive Officer, BMO Financial Group. "This performance reflects a well-executed growth strategy and the benefits of a diversified business model.

"Canadian Personal and Commercial Banking had record earnings in the year. We delivered robust volume growth contributing to notably stronger revenue and income in the second half of the year. Wealth Management had a record year with earnings up significantly and increased market share, supported by strong asset growth and customer loyalty.

"Adjusted earnings from BMO's U.S. segment generated over $1 billion in 2013, benefiting from continued business growth, particularly strong results in Wealth Management and Capital Markets, and good credit performance. With the pace of U.S. economic growth expected to be higher and with consumers continuing to deleverage, we're well positioned given BMO's geographic diversification, large commercial banking business and integrated North American platform with a strong unified brand.

"Looking ahead, we have clear opportunities for growth across a diversified North American footprint," concluded Mr. Downe. "I want to thank our customers for their loyalty and all our employees for their commitment to the bank and to our customers."

(1) Results and measures in this document are presented on a GAAP basis. They are also presented on an adjusted basis that excludes the impact of certain items. Adjusted results and measures are non-GAAP and are detailed in the Adjusted Net Income section, and (for all reported periods) in the Non-GAAP Measures section, where such non-GAAP measures and their closest GAAP counterparts are disclosed.
(2) All Earnings per Share (EPS) measures in this document refer to diluted EPS unless specified otherwise. EPS is calculated using net income after deductions for net income attributable to non-controlling interest in subsidiaries and preferred share dividends.
Note: All ratios and percentage changes in this document are based on unrounded numbers.

Concurrent with the release of results, BMO announced a first quarter 2014 dividend of $0.76 per common share, up $0.02 from the preceding quarter and up $0.04 per share from a year ago, equivalent to an annual dividend of $3.04 per common share.

BMO's 2013 audited annual consolidated financial statements and accompanying management's discussion & analysis (MD&A) will be available online at www.bmo.com/investorrelations along with the supplementary financial information report.

Total Bank Overview

Net income was $1,088 million for the fourth quarter of 2013, up $6 million or 1% from a year ago.

Adjusted net income was $1,102 million, down $23 million or 2% from a year ago. There was continued momentum in Wealth Management and in Canadian P&C. There was lower income in BMO Capital Markets reflecting lower trading revenues and higher taxes compared to the same quarter a year ago. There were also higher securities gains, provisions for credit losses were above trend in the P&C businesses and recoveries of credit losses on the purchased credit impaired loan portfolio were lower.

Operating Segment Overview

Canadian P&C

Net income was $469 million in the fourth quarter, up $27 million or 6% from a year ago. Adjusted net income was $472 million, up $28 million or 6% from the prior year. Revenue increased $68 million or 4% year over year driven by strong volume growth across most products, partially offset by the impact of lower net interest margin. Provisions for credit losses in the quarter increased $20 million or 13% mainly due to one commercial account, offset in part by modestly lower consumer provisions. Expenses increased modestly by $12 million or 2% due to higher employee-related expenses and continued selective investment in the business, partially offset by productivity benefits from good expense management. This year we expanded our branch network capacity by opening or upgrading 86 locations across the country.

Stronger revenue growth in the second half of 2013 was driven by good balance sheet growth throughout the year and reduced margin compression. Continued momentum in revenue growth, combined with our focus on process simplification, is expected to drive future net income growth.

In personal banking, there was strong loan and deposit growth of 11% and 6%, respectively. Our recent 'Make the BMOst of Summer' Campaign attracted multi-product customers to BMO. We are making significant improvements to our processes, enabling front-line employees to spend more time acquiring new customers and strengthening existing relationships.

In commercial banking, there was strong growth in both commercial loans and deposits of 11% and 14%, respectively. We recently launched the 'BMO Biz Starter for Small Business' Campaign offering integrated products, services and advice to help small business customers grow their businesses. We rank second in Canadian business banking loan market share for small and medium-sized loans with a 20% market share.

In September, BMO was presented with a Gold level standing in the Progressive Aboriginal Relations (PAR) program by the Canadian Council for Aboriginal Business (CCAB) for its efforts to enhance partnerships with Canada's First Peoples.

U.S. P&C (all amounts in US$)

Net income of $102 million, decreased $39 million or 28% from $141 million a year ago. Adjusted net income of $113 million declined $43 million or 28% from a year ago due to above trend commercial provisions for credit losses in the current quarter and reduced revenue and expenses.

There were year-over-year and quarterly sequential increases in average current loans and acceptances, led by continued strong growth in the core commercial and industrial (C&I) loan portfolio. This portfolio increased by $3.8 billion or 19% from a year ago to $23.7 billion.

Growth in our commercial business and personal chequing and savings accounts was more than offset by planned reductions in higher cost deposit products resulting in a slight decline in deposits.

During the quarter, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation released their annual deposit market share results. In the Chicago area we maintained our strong second place ranking, as BMO Harris Bank's deposit market share improved to 12.1%. In Wisconsin we also held the second place ranking with an even higher deposit market share of 14.1%. We maintained our number four market share ranking within our primary footprint of Wisconsin, Illinois, Missouri, Kansas, Indiana, and Minnesota.

Wealth Management

Net income for the quarter of $312 million was almost double the level of a year ago. Adjusted net income of $319 million increased $150 million or 89% from a year ago. Net income for the quarter included a $121 million after-tax security gain resulting from a change from the equity to available-for-sale accounting treatment as a result of the dilution of an investment. Other wealth businesses also continued to produce strong performance with adjusted net income of $129 million, up $36 million or 38% driven by growth in client assets, increased transaction volumes and a continued focus on productivity. Adjusted net income in insurance was $69 million, down $7 million or 9% from a year ago.

Assets under management and administration grew by $66 billion or 14% from a year ago to $553 billion, driven by market appreciation, growth in new client assets and the stronger U.S. dollar.

BMO InvestorLine was named the 'Best Online Discount Brokerage Firm in Canada' by Surviscor's Online Discount Brokerage scorCard. BMO InvestorLine received three category honours with best marks in the 'Getting Started', 'Account Services' and 'Website Transactions' categories.

BMO Private Bank has been named the "Best Domestic Private Bank, U.S." by Global Financial Market Review and "Best Private Bank-U.S. (Midwest) 2013" by World Finance Magazine.

BMO Capital Markets

Net income was $229 million, down $85 million or 27% from a strong fourth quarter a year ago. The prior year included strong trading revenues and a recovery of prior periods' income taxes. Revenues were lower as higher mergers and acquisitions and debt underwriting fees were more than offset by lower trading revenues reflecting market uncertainty associated with the tapering of quantitative easing and the U.S. debt ceiling, as well as lower securities gains and equity underwriting fees.

We continue to demonstrate our commitment to our clients as BMO Capital Markets was selected during the quarter as a 2013 Greenwich Quality Leader in Canadian Fixed Income Research and a 2013 Greenwich Share Leader in Canadian Fixed Income, reflecting client recognition for providing high quality service and the industry's best coverage in fixed income research.

BMO Capital Markets participated in 362 new global issues in the quarter, including 169 corporate debt deals, 128 government debt deals and 65 equity transactions, raising $771 billion.

Corporate Services

Corporate Services net loss for the quarter was $28 million, compared with net income of $22 million a year ago. On an adjusted basis, the net loss was $36 million, compared with net income of $41 million a year ago. The decrease in reported results was smaller than the decrease in adjusted results primarily due to lower integration costs in the current quarter. Adjusting items are detailed in the Adjusted Net Income section and in the Non-GAAP Measures section. Adjusted results declined primarily due to lower revenues, due to a decline in treasury-related items and a variety of other items, none of which were individually significant.

Caution

This Operating Segment Overview section contains forward-looking statements. Please see the Caution Regarding Forward-Looking Statements.

Adjusted results in this Operating Segment Overview section are non-GAAP amounts or non-GAAP measures. Please see the Non-GAAP Measures section.

Adjusted Net Income

Adjusted net income was $1,102 million for the fourth quarter of 2013, down $23 million or 2% from a year ago. Adjusted earnings per share were $1.64, down $0.01 from $1.65 a year ago.

Management has designated certain amounts as adjusting items and has adjusted GAAP results so that we can discuss and present financial results without the effects of adjusting items to facilitate understanding of business performance and related trends. Management assesses performance on a GAAP basis and on an adjusted basis and considers both to be useful in the assessment of underlying business performance. Presenting results on both bases provides readers with a better understanding of how management assesses results. Adjusted results and measures are non-GAAP and, together with items excluded in determining adjusted results, are disclosed in more detail in the Non-GAAP Measures section, along with comments on the uses and limitations of such measures. Items excluded from fourth quarter 2013 results in the determination of adjusted results totalled $14 million of net loss or $0.02 per share, and were comprised of:

  • the $30 million after-tax net benefit for credit-related items in respect of the M&I purchased performing loan portfolio (the acquired loan portfolio), consisting of $98 million for the recognition in net interest income of a portion of the credit mark on the portfolio (including $53 million for the release of the credit mark related to early repayment of loans), net of a $49 million specific provision for credit losses and income taxes of $19 million. These credit-related items in respect of the acquired M&I performing loan portfolio can significantly impact both net interest income and the provision for credit losses in different periods over the life of the M&I purchased performing loan portfolio;
  • costs of $60 million ($37 million after tax) for the integration of M&I including amounts related to restructuring and other employee-related charges, technology costs post conversion and marketing costs related to rebranding activities;
  • $5 million for income taxes related to the collective allowance on loans other than the M&I purchased loan portfolio;
  • the $26 million ($20 million after tax) benefit from run-off structured credit activities; and
  • the amortization of acquisition-related intangible assets of $31 million ($22 million after tax).

All of the above adjusting items were recorded in Corporate Services except the amortization of acquisition-related intangible assets, which is charged to the operating groups.

The impact of adjusting items for comparative periods is summarized in the Non-GAAP Measures section.

Financial Review

The Financial Review commentary is as of December 3, 2013. Unless otherwise indicated, all amounts are in Canadian dollars and have been derived from financial statements prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS). References to GAAP mean IFRS. The Financial Review should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements for the year ended October 31, 2013, and Management's Discussion and Analysis (MD&A) for fiscal 2013. The material that precedes this section comprises part of this Financial Review.

The annual MD&A for fiscal 2013 includes a comprehensive discussion of our businesses, strategies and objectives, and can be accessed on our website at www.bmo.com/investorrelations. Readers are also encouraged to visit the site to view other quarterly financial information.

Bank of Montreal's Audit and Conduct Review Committee reviewed this document and Bank of Montreal's Board of Directors approved the document prior to its release.

Table of Contents
4 Summary Data - Reported 13 Capital Management
5 Summary Data - Adjusted 15 Review of Operating
6 Caution Regarding Forward-Looking Groups' Performance
Statements 15 Operating Groups' Summary
7 Foreign Exchange Income Statements and
7 Net Income Statistics for Q4-2013
8 Revenue 16 Personal and Commercial
8 Net Interest Income Banking (P&C)
9 Non-Interest Revenue 16 Canadian Personal and
9 Non-Interest Expense Commercial Banking
9 Income Taxes (Canadian P&C)
10 Risk Management 18 U.S. Personal and
10 Provisions for Credit Losses Commercial Banking (U.S. P&C)
11 Impaired Loans 19 Wealth Management
11 Market Risk 20 BMO Capital Markets
21 Corporate Services, Including
Technology and Operations
23 Non-GAAP Measures
24 Other Investor and
Media Information

Regulatory Filings

Our continuous disclosure materials, including our interim filings, annual MD&A and audited consolidated financial statements, Annual Information Form and Notice of Annual Meeting of Shareholders and Proxy Circular are available on our website at www.bmo.com/investorrelations, on the Canadian Securities Administrators' website at www.sedar.com and on the EDGAR section of the SEC's website at www.sec.gov.

Bank of Montreal uses a unified branding approach that links all of the organization's member companies. Bank of Montreal, together with its subsidiaries, is known as BMO Financial Group. As such, in this document, the names BMO and BMO Financial Group mean Bank of Montreal, together with its subsidiaries.

Summary Data - Reported Table 1
(Canadian $
in millions,
except as noted)
Q4-2013
Q4-2012
% Increase
(Decrease)
vs Q4-2012

Q3-2013
% Increase (Decrease)
vs Q3-2013

Fiscal-2013

Fiscal-2012
% Increase (Decrease)
vs Fiscal-2012
Summary Income Statement
Net interest income 2,085 2,145 (3 ) 2,146 (3 ) 8,545 8,808 (3 )
Non-interest revenue 2,103 2,031 4 1,904 10 7,718 7,322 5
Revenue 4,188 4,176 - 4,050 3 16,263 16,130 1
Specific provision for credit losses 189 216 (13 ) 57 (+100 ) 599 762 (21 )
Collective provision for (recovery of) credit losses - (24 ) +100 20 (+100 ) (10 ) 3 (+100 )
Total provision for credit losses 189 192 (2 ) 77 +100 589 765 (23 )
Non-interest expense 2,597 2,701 (4 ) 2,542 2 10,297 10,238 1
Provision for income taxes 314 201 56 294 7 1,129 938 20
Net income 1,088 1,082 1 1,137 (4 ) 4,248 4,189 1
Attributable to bank shareholders 1,075 1,064 1 1,121 (4 ) 4,183 4,115 2
Attributable to non-controlling interest in subsidiaries 13 18 (25 ) 16 (10 ) 65 74 (12 )
Net income 1,088 1,082 1 1,137 (4 ) 4,248 4,189 1
Common Share Data ($ except as noted)
Earnings per share 1.62 1.59 2 1.68 (4 ) 6.26 6.15 2
Dividends declared per share 0.74 0.72 3 0.74 - 2.94 2.82 4
Book value per share 43.69 40.25 9 42.38 3 43.69 40.25 9
Closing share price 72.62 59.02 23 63.87 14 72.62 59.02 23
Total market value of common shares ($ billions) 46.8 38.4 22 41.3 13 46.8 38.4 22
Dividend yield (%) 4.1 4.9 nm 4.6 nm 4.0 4.8 nm
Price-to-earnings ratio (times) 11.6 9.6 nm 10.3 nm 11.6 9.6 nm
Market-to-book value (times) 1.7 1.5 nm 1.5 nm 1.7 1.5 nm
Financial Measures and Ratios (%)
Return on equity 15.0 15.6 (0.6 ) 15.6 (0.6 ) 14.9 15.9 (1.0 )
Revenue growth - 9 nm 4 nm 1 16 nm
Non-interest expense growth (4 ) 11 nm 2 nm 1 17 nm
Efficiency ratio 62.0 64.7 (2.7 ) 62.8 (0.8 ) 63.3 63.5 (0.2 )
Operating leverage 4.2 (1.7 ) nm 2.2 nm 0.2 (1.4 ) nm
Net interest margin on earning assets 1.67 1.83 (0.16 ) 1.75 (0.08 ) 1.77 1.91 (0.14 )
Effective tax rate 22.4 15.7 6.7 20.6 1.8 21.0 18.3 2.7
Return on average assets 0.76 0.77 (0.01 ) 0.80 (0.04 ) 0.75 0.76 (0.01 )
Provision for credit losses-to-average loans and acceptances (annualized) 0.27 0.31 (0.04 ) 0.11 0.16 0.22 0.31 (0.09 )
Gross impaired loans and acceptances-to-equity and allowance for credit losses 7.61 9.30 (1.69 ) 8.14 (0.53 ) 7.61 9.30 (1.69 )
Value Measures (% except as noted)
Average annual three year total shareholder return 11.5 10.8 0.7 5.4 6.1 11.5 10.8 0.7
Twelve month total shareholder return 28.8 5.2 23.6 16.5 12.3 28.8 5.2 23.6
Net economic profit ($ millions) (1) 335 361 (7 ) 382 (12 ) 1,298 1,439 (10 )
Balance Sheet (as at $ billions)
Assets 537 525 2 549 (2 ) 537 525 2
Net loans and acceptances 279 254 10 272 2 279 254 10
Deposits 367 324 13 358 2 367 324 13
Common shareholders' equity 28.1 26.2 7 27.4 3 28.1 26.2 7
Cash and securities-to-total assets ratio (%) 31.2 29.4 1.8 30.8 0.4 31.2 29.4 1.8
Capital Ratios (%) Basel
III
Basel
II
Basel
III
Basel
III
Basel
II
Common Equity Tier 1 Capital Ratio 9.9 10.5 nm 9.6 0.3 9.9 10.5 nm
Tier 1 Capital Ratio 11.4 12.6 nm 11.2 0.2 11.4 12.6 nm
Total Capital Ratio 13.7 14.9 nm 13.5 0.2 13.7 14.9 nm
Net Income by Operating Group
Canadian P&C 469 442 6 497 (6 ) 1,854 1,775 4
U.S. P&C 106 140 (24 ) 153 (31 ) 596 580 3
Personal and Commercial Banking 575 582 (1 ) 650 (12 ) 2,450 2,355 4
Wealth Management 312 164 91 218 43 834 524 59
BMO Capital Markets 229 314 (27 ) 280 (18 ) 1,094 1,021 7
Corporate Services, including Technology and Operations (T&O) (28 ) 22 (+100 ) (11 ) (+100 ) (130 ) 289 (+100 )
BMO Financial Group net income 1,088 1,082 1 1,137 (4 ) 4,248 4,189 1
(1) Net economic profit is a non-GAAP measure and is discussed in the Non-GAAP Measures section below.
nm - not meaningful
Summary Data - Adjusted (1) Table 2
(Canadian $
in millions,
except as noted)
Q4-2013
Q4-2012
% Increase
(Decrease)
vs Q4-2012
Q3-2013
% Increase
(Decrease)
vs Q3-2013

Fiscal-2013

Fiscal-2012
% Increase (Decrease)
vs Fiscal-2012
Adjusted Summary Income Statement
Net interest income 1,968 1,956 1 1,993 (1 ) 7,888 8,029 (2 )
Non-interest revenue 2,092 1,964 6 1,899 10 7,684 7,038 9
Revenue 4,060 3,920 4 3,892 4 15,572 15,067 3
Specific provision and total provision for credit losses 140 113 23 13 +100 359 471 (24 )
Non-interest expense 2,502 2,436 3 2,458 2 9,826 9,513 3
Provision for income taxes 316 246 28 285 11 1,111 991 12
Net income 1,102 1,125 (2 ) 1,136 (3 ) 4,276 4,092 5
Attributable to bank shareholders 1,089 1,107 (2 ) 1,120 (3 ) 4,211 4,018 5
Attributable to non-controlling interest in subsidiaries 13 18 (25 ) 16 (10 ) 65 74 (12 )
Net income 1,102 1,125 (2 ) 1,136 (3 ) 4,276 4,092 5
Adjusted Common Share Data ($)
Earnings per share 1.64 1.65 (1 ) 1.68 (2 ) 6.30 6.00 5
Adjusted Financial Measures and Ratios (%)
Return on equity 15.2 16.3 (1.1 ) 15.6 (0.4 ) 15.0 15.5 (0.5 )
Revenue growth 4 7 nm 6 nm 3 10 nm
Non-interest expense growth 3 4 nm 5 nm 3 13 nm
Efficiency ratio 61.6 62.2 (0.6 ) 63.2 (1.6 ) 63.1 63.1 -
Operating leverage 0.9 2.7 nm 0.9 nm 0.1 (2.8 ) nm
Net interest margin on earning assets 1.58 1.67 (0.09 ) 1.63 (0.05 ) 1.63 1.74 (0.11 )
Effective tax rate 22.3 17.9 4.4 20.1 2.2 20.6 19.5 1.1
Provision for credit losses-to-average loans and acceptances (annualized) 0.22 0.20 0.02 0.02 0.20 0.14 0.21 (0.07 )
Adjusted Net Income By Operating Group
Canadian P&C 472 444 6 500 (6 ) 1,864 1,785 4
U.S. P&C 118 156 (24 ) 165 (29 ) 646 644 -
Personal and Commercial Banking 590 600 (2 ) 665 (11 ) 2,510 2,429 3
Wealth Management 319 169 89 225 42 861 545 58
BMO Capital Markets 229 315 (27 ) 281 (18 ) 1,096 1,022 7
Corporate Services, including T&O (36 ) 41 (+100 ) (35 ) (1 ) (191 ) 96 (+100 )
BMO Financial Group net income 1,102 1,125 (2 ) 1,136 (3 ) 4,276 4,092 5
(1) The above results and statistics are presented on an adjusted basis. These are non-GAAP amounts or non-GAAP measures. Please see the Non-GAAP Measures section.
nm - not meaningful

Caution Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

Bank of Montreal's public communications often include written or oral forward-looking statements. Statements of this type are included in this document, and may be included in other filings with Canadian securities regulators or the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, or in other communications. All such statements are made pursuant to the "safe harbor" provisions of, and are intended to be forward-looking statements under, the United States Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and any applicable Canadian securities legislation. Forward-looking statements may involve, but are not limited to, comments with respect to our objectives and priorities for 2014 and beyond, our strategies or future actions, our targets, expectations for our financial condition or share price, and the results of or outlook for our operations or for the Canadian, U.S. and international economies.

By their nature, forward-looking statements require us to make assumptions and are subject to inherent risks and uncertainties. There is significant risk that predictions, forecasts, conclusions or projections will not prove to be accurate, that our assumptions may not be correct and that actual results may differ materially from such predictions, forecasts, conclusions or projections. We caution readers of this document not to place undue reliance on our forward-looking statements as a number of factors could cause actual future results, conditions, actions or events to differ materially from the targets, expectations, estimates or intentions expressed in the forward-looking statements.

The future outcomes that relate to forward-looking statements may be influenced by many factors, including but not limited to: general economic and market conditions in the countries in which we operate; weak, volatile or illiquid capital and/or credit markets; interest rate and currency value fluctuations; changes in monetary, fiscal or economic policy; the degree of competition in the geographic and business areas in which we operate; changes in laws or in supervisory expectations or requirements, including capital, interest rate and liquidity requirements and guidance; judicial or regulatory proceedings; the accuracy and completeness of the information we obtain with respect to our customers and counterparties; our ability to execute our strategic plans and to complete and integrate acquisitions; critical accounting estimates and the effect of changes to accounting standards, rules and interpretations on these estimates; operational and infrastructure risks; changes to our credit ratings; general political conditions; global capital markets activities; the possible effects on our business of war or terrorist activities; disease or illness that affects local, national or international economies; natural disasters and disruptions to public infrastructure, such as transportation, communications, power or water supply; technological changes; and our ability to anticipate and effectively manage risks associated with all of the foregoing factors.

We caution that the foregoing list is not exhaustive of all possible factors. Other factors could adversely affect our results. For more information, please see the discussion on pages 30 to 31 of BMO's 2013 annual MD&A, which outlines in detail certain key factors that may affect Bank of Montreal's future results. When relying on forward-looking statements to make decisions with respect to Bank of Montreal, investors and others should carefully consider these factors, as well as other uncertainties and potential events, and the inherent uncertainty of forward-looking statements. Bank of Montreal does not undertake to update any forward-looking statements, whether written or oral, that may be made from time to time by the organization or on its behalf, except as required by law. The forward-looking information contained in this document is presented for the purpose of assisting our shareholders in understanding our financial position as at and for the periods ended on the dates presented, as well as our strategic priorities and objectives, and may not be appropriate for other purposes.

Assumptions about the level of default and losses on default were material factors we considered when establishing our expectations regarding the future performance of the transactions into which our credit protection vehicle has entered. Among the key assumptions were that the level of default and losses on default will be consistent with historical experience. Material factors that were taken into account when establishing our expectations regarding the future risk of credit losses in our credit protection vehicle and risk of loss to Bank of Montreal included industry diversification in the portfolio, initial credit quality by portfolio, the first-loss protection incorporated into the structure and the hedges into which Bank of Montreal has entered.

Assumptions about the performance of the Canadian and U.S. economies, as well as overall market conditions and their combined effect on our business, are material factors we consider when determining our strategic priorities, objectives and expectations for our business. In determining our expectations for economic growth, both broadly and in the financial services sector, we primarily consider historical economic data provided by the Canadian and U.S. governments and their agencies. See the Economic Developments and Outlook section on page 32 of BMO's 2013 annual MD&A.

Foreign Exchange

The Canadian dollar equivalents of BMO's U.S.-dollar-denominated net income, revenues, expenses, recoveries of credit losses and income taxes were increased relative to the third quarter of 2013 and the fourth quarter of 2012 by the strengthening of the U.S. dollar. The average Canadian/U.S. dollar exchange rate for the quarter, expressed in terms of the Canadian dollar cost of a U.S. dollar, increased by 5.3% from a year ago and 0.3% from the average of the third quarter. BMO may execute hedging transactions to mitigate the impact of foreign exchange rate movements on net income. The following table indicates the relevant average Canadian/U.S. dollar exchange rates and the impact of changes in the rates.

Effects of Changes in Exchange Rates on BMO's Reported and Adjusted Results Table 3
Q4-2013
(Canadian $ in millions, except as noted) vs Q4-2012 vs Q3-2013
Canadian/U.S. dollar exchange rate (average)
Current period 1.0421 1.0421
Prior period 0.9894 1.0385
Effects on reported results
Increased net interest income 38 3
Increased non-interest revenue 28 2
Increased revenues 66 5
Increased expenses (49 ) (3 )
Decreased provision for credit losses 1 -
Increased income taxes (2 ) -
Increased net income before impact of hedges 16 2
Hedging Losses (1 ) (1 )
Income taxes thereon - -
Increased reported net income 15 1
Effects on adjusted results
Increased net interest income 33 2
Increased non-interest revenues 28 2
Increased revenues 61 4
Increased expenses (44 ) (3 )
Decreased provision for credit losses 1 -
Increased income taxes (2 ) -
Increased adjusted net income before impact of hedges 16 1
Hedging Losses (1 ) (1 )
Income taxes thereon - -
Increased adjusted net income 15 -
Adjusted results in this section are non-GAAP amounts or non-GAAP measures. Please see the Non-GAAP Measures section.

Net Income

Q4 2013 vs Q4 2012

Net income was $1,088 million for the fourth quarter of 2013, up $6 million or 1% from a year ago. Earnings per share were $1.62, up 2% from $1.59 a year ago.

Adjusted net income was $1,102 million, down $23 million or 2% from a year ago. Adjusted earnings per share were $1.64, in line with $1.65 a year ago. Adjusted results and items excluded in determining adjusted results are disclosed in detail in the preceding Adjusted Net Income section and in the Non-GAAP Measures section, together with comments on the uses and limitations of such measures.

On an adjusted basis, there was particularly strong growth in Wealth Management, including higher securities gains, and good growth in Canadian P&C, offset by lower income in BMO Capital Markets and higher provisions for credit losses in the P&C businesses. Canadian P&C had good results, driven by strong volume growth across most products, partially offset by lower net interest margin, higher provisions for credit losses and modestly higher expenses. Wealth Management net income was up significantly, driven by a security gain and strong performance in the other wealth and insurance underlying businesses. BMO Capital Markets adjusted net income declined from strong results a year ago, primarily due to lower trading revenues reflecting market uncertainty. The prior year included strong trading revenues and a recovery of prior periods' income taxes. U.S. P&C results declined primarily due to an increase in the provision for credit losses, which were above trend in the current quarter, and lower revenue. Corporate Services adjusted results declined primarily due to lower revenues.

Q4 2013 vs Q3 2013

Net income and earnings per share decreased $49 million or 4%, and $0.06 or 4%, respectively. Adjusted net income and earnings per share decreased $34 million or 3%, and $0.04 or 2%, respectively.

The change in adjusted net income reflects higher provisions for credit losses and a modest increase in expenses that more than offset higher revenues. Canadian P&C adjusted net income decreased primarily due to higher provisions for credit losses, as revenue and expenses were relatively unchanged from the prior quarter. Wealth Management adjusted net income increased $94 million or 42%, from the third quarter. Adjusted net income in wealth businesses was up $119 million or 89% due to a security gain. Insurance results declined due to the $42 million after-tax benefit from increases in long-term rates in the prior quarter, compared with a $12 million after-tax charge in the current quarter. There were also higher benefits from changes in our investment portfolio to improve asset-liability management in the current quarter. BMO Capital Markets results reflect lower trading revenues reflecting market uncertainty, partially offset by higher recoveries of previously written-off amounts in the current quarter. U.S. P&C adjusted net income declined primarily due to higher provisions for credit losses which were above trend in the current quarter. Corporate Services adjusted results were essentially unchanged from the prior quarter.

Adjusted results in this Net Income section are non-GAAP amounts or non-GAAP measures. Please see the Non-GAAP Measures section.

Revenue

Total revenue of $4,188 million increased $12 million from the fourth quarter last year. Adjusted revenue increased $140 million or 4% to $4,060 million. Canadian P&C had good results with strong volume growth across most products partially offset by lower net interest margin. Revenue significantly increased in Wealth Management reflecting a $191 million security gain and a 12% increase in the other wealth businesses. Revenue decreased in BMO Capital Markets, as higher mergers and acquisitions and debt underwriting fees were more than offset by lower trading revenues reflecting market uncertainty associated with the tapering of quantitative easing and U.S. debt ceiling, as well as lower securities gains and equity underwriting fees. U.S. P&C revenues declined as commercial loan growth was more than offset by lower net interest margin, planned reductions in certain portfolios and lower mortgage-related non-interest revenue. Corporate Services adjusted revenues decreased due to a decline in treasury-related items and a variety of other items, none of which were individually significant. The stronger U.S. dollar increased adjusted revenue growth by $60 million, net of hedging impacts.

Revenue increased $138 million or 3% from the third quarter. Adjusted revenue increased $168 million or 4%. Canadian P&C had moderate revenue growth with increased net interest income resulting from higher balances across most products partially offset by lower net interest margin. Non-interest revenue decreased due to lower card fees. Wealth Management revenue increased significantly due to a security gain and continued strong revenue in the other wealth businesses. Insurance revenues were down as the prior quarter included a significant benefit from an increase in long-term interest rates. There were also higher benefits from changes in our portfolio to improve asset-liability management in the current quarter. BMO Capital Markets revenues decreased mainly due to lower trading revenues reflecting market uncertainty in the current quarter. U.S. P&C revenues decreased mostly due to lower mortgage-related non-interest revenue. Adjusted revenues were improved in Corporate Services due to a lower group teb offset and a variety of other items, none of which were individually significant. The stronger U.S. dollar increased adjusted revenue growth by $3 million, net of hedging impacts.

Changes in net interest income and non-interest revenue are reviewed in the sections that follow.

Adjusted amounts in this Revenue section are non-GAAP amounts or non-GAAP measures. Please see the Non-GAAP Measures section.

Net Interest Income

Net interest income decreased $60 million from a year ago to $2,085 million in the fourth quarter of 2013. Adjusted net interest income excludes amounts for the recognition of a portion of the credit mark on the M&I purchased performing loan portfolio. Adjusted net interest income increased $12 million or 1% to $1,968 million.

BMO's overall net interest margin decreased on a reported basis by 16 basis points from a year ago to 1.67%. Adjusted net interest margin decreased by 9 basis points to 1.58%. Changes are discussed in the Review of Operating Groups' Performance section.

Average earning assets in the fourth quarter of 2013 increased $29.6 billion or 6% relative to a year ago, including a $9.5 billion increase as a result of the stronger U.S. dollar. There was strong growth in Canadian P&C and Wealth Management, growth in BMO Capital Markets and U.S. P&C and a reduction in Corporate Services.

Relative to the third quarter, net interest income decreased $61 million. Adjusted net interest income decreased $25 million or 1%.

BMO's overall net interest margin decreased by 8 basis points from the third quarter, while adjusted net interest margin decreased 5 basis points.

Average earning assets increased $9 billion or 2% from the third quarter, of which $0.6 billion related to the stronger U.S. dollar. There was good growth in Canadian P&C, with moderate increases in the other operating groups and Corporate Services.

Adjusted results in this section are non-GAAP amounts or non-GAAP measures. Please see the Non-GAAP Measures section.

Adjusted Net Interest Margin on Earning Assets (teb)* Table 4
(In basis points)
Q4-2013

Q4-2012
% Increase
(Decrease)
vs Q4-2012
Q3-2013 % Increase
(Decrease)
vs Q3-2013

Fiscal-2013

Fiscal-2012
% Increase (Decrease)
vs Fiscal-2012
Canadian P&C 255 268 (13 ) 258 (3 ) 259 279 (20 )
U.S. P&C 391 430 (39 ) 401 (10 ) 407 440 (33 )
Personal and Commercial Banking 289 310 (21 ) 294 (5 ) 297 322 (25 )
Wealth Management 292 285 7 294 (2 ) 291 314 (23 )
BMO Capital Markets 56 55 1 69 (13 ) 61 61 -
Corporate Services, including T&O** nm nm nm nm nm nm nm nm
Total BMO adjusted net interest margin (1) 158 167 (9 ) 163 (5 ) 163 174 (11 )
Total BMO reported net interest margin 167 183 (16 ) 175 (8 ) 177 191 (14 )
Total Canadian Retail (reported and adjusted)*** 255 267 (12 ) 259 (4 ) 259 279 (20 )
* Net interest margin is disclosed and computed with reference to average earning assets, rather than total assets. This basis provides a more relevant measure of margins and changes in margins. Operating group margins are stated on a taxable equivalent basis (teb) while total BMO margin is stated on a GAAP basis.
** Corporate Services adjusted net interest income is negative in all periods and its variability affects changes in net interest margin.
*** Total Canadian retail margin represents the net interest margin of the combined Canadian businesses of Canadian Personal and Commercial Banking and Wealth Management.
(1) These are non-GAAP amounts or non-GAAP measures. Please see the Non-GAAP Measures section.
nm - not meaningful

Non-Interest Revenue

Non-interest revenue of $2,103 million increased $72 million from the fourth quarter a year ago. Adjusted non-interest revenue increased $128 million or 6% to $2,092 million. There were higher securities gains, up $154 million including a large security gain in Wealth Management, and higher mutual fund revenues, partially offset by lower trading revenues in BMO Capital Markets. Most other types of non-interest revenue were also up, with the exception of insurance income, card fees and other. The stronger U.S. dollar increased adjusted non-interest revenue growth by $27 million, net of hedging impacts.

Relative to the third quarter, non-interest revenue increased $199 million or 10%, and adjusted non-interest revenue increased $193 million or 10%. There was an increase in securities gains, partially offset by lower trading revenues and lower insurance revenue as the prior quarter included a large benefit from favourable movements in long-term interest rates.

Adjusted results in this section are non-GAAP amounts or non-GAAP measures. Please see the Non-GAAP Measures section.

Non-Interest Expense

Non-interest expense decreased $104 million or 4% from the fourth quarter a year ago to $2,597 million. Adjusted non-interest expense increased $66 million or 3% to $2,502 million. Excluding the impact of the stronger U.S. dollar, adjusted non-interest expenses increased by a modest $22 million or 1%, primarily due to higher employee-related costs, including pension, and higher regulatory-related costs.

Relative to the third quarter, non-interest expense increased $55 million or 2%. Adjusted non-interest expense increased $44 million or 2%, primarily due to higher technology costs and higher advertising expenses. The stronger U.S. dollar increased adjusted non-interest expense growth by $3 million.

Year-over-year operating leverage on a reported basis was 4.2% and adjusted operating leverage was 0.9%. Quarter-over-quarter operating leverage on a reported basis was 1.2% and adjusted operating leverage was 2.5%.

Adjusted results in this section are non-GAAP amounts or non-GAAP measures. Please see the Non-GAAP Measures section.

Income Taxes

The provision for income taxes of $314 million increased $113 million from the fourth quarter of 2012 and increased $20 million from the third quarter of 2013. The effective tax rate for the quarter was 22.4%, compared with 15.7% a year ago and 20.6% in the third quarter.

The adjusted provision for income taxes of $316 million increased $70 million from a year ago and increased $31 million from the third quarter. The adjusted effective tax rate was 22.3% in the current quarter, compared with 17.9% a year ago and 20.1% in the third quarter of 2013. The higher adjusted effective tax rate in the current quarter relative to the fourth quarter of 2012 was primarily due to lower recoveries of prior periods' income taxes and an increased proportion of income from higher tax-rate jurisdictions. The higher adjusted effective tax rate in the current quarter relative to the third quarter was primarily due to lower tax-exempt income from securities and an increased proportion of income from higher tax-rate jurisdictions. The adjusted tax rate is computed using adjusted net income rather than net income in the determination of income subject to tax.

Adjusted results in this section are non-GAAP amounts or non-GAAP measures. Please see the Non-GAAP Measures section.

Risk Management

Our risk management practices and key measures are outlined on pages 77 to 99 of BMO's 2013 Annual MD&A.

Provisions for Credit Losses

Q4 2013 vs Q4 2012

The provision for credit losses (PCL) was $189 million, a decrease of $3 million from the prior year. Adjusted PCL was $140 million, an increase of $27 million. Adjusting items this quarter included a $49 million specific provision on the M&I purchased performing loan portfolio. There was no net change in the collective allowance during the quarter. The increase in adjusted PCL was mainly due to above trend provisions in Canadian P&C and U.S. P&C, coupled with lower recovery of credit losses on the purchased credit impaired loan portfolio in Corporate Services.

Canadian P&C provisions of $166 million increased by $20 million mainly due to one commercial account offset in part by modestly lower consumer provisions. U.S. P&C provisions of $96 million increased by $21 million, primarily due to above trend commercial provisions in the current quarter. Wealth Management provisions decreased by $10 million driven by higher than usual PCL in the fourth quarter of 2012. BMO Capital Markets recoveries increased by $13 million due to higher recoveries of previously written-off amounts. Corporate Services adjusted recoveries of credit losses decreased $9 million including lower recoveries on the purchased credit impaired loan portfolio.

Q4 2013 vs Q3 2013

The PCL increased $112 million from the prior quarter. Adjusted PCL was up $127 million from the prior quarter mainly due to above trend provisions in Canadian P&C and U.S. P&C coupled with lower recoveries of credit losses on the purchased credit impaired loan portfolio.

Canadian P&C provisions increased by $40 million primarily due to one commercial account and a modest increase in consumer provisions. U.S. P&C provisions increased by $56 million with above trend provisions in the consumer portfolios due in part to a $24 million PCL for current loans where borrowers have declared bankruptcy but continue to make payments on their loans. Commercial PCL was also above trend for the quarter. Wealth Management provisions were relatively stable quarter over quarter. BMO Capital Markets provisions decreased by $19 million due to higher recoveries of previously written-off amounts in the current quarter. Corporate Services adjusted recoveries of credit losses decreased $48 million including lower recoveries on the purchased credit impaired loan portfolio.

Provision for Credit Losses Table 5
(Canadian $
in millions,
except as noted)
Q4-2013 Q3-2013 Q4-2012 Fiscal-2013 Fiscal-2012
New specific provisions 455 358 506 1,638 1,860
Reversals of previously established allowances (64 ) (72 ) (60 ) (267 ) (252 )
Recoveries of loans previously written-off (202 ) (229 ) (230 ) (772 ) (846 )
Specific provision for credit losses 189 57 216 599 762
Increase (decrease) in collective allowance - 20 (24 ) (10 ) 3
Provision for credit losses (PCL) 189 77 192 589 765
Adjusted provision for credit losses (1) 140 13 113 359 471
PCL as a % of average net loans and acceptances (annualized) (2) 0.27 0.11 0.31 0.22 0.31
PCL as a % of average net loans and acceptances excluding purchased portfolios (annualized) (2) (3) 0.37 0.30 0.39 0.32 0.42
Specific PCL as a % of average net loans and acceptances (annualized) (2) 0.27 0.08 0.34 0.23 0.31
Adjusted specific PCL as a % of average net loans and acceptances (annualized) (1) (2) 0.22 0.02 0.20 0.14 0.21
(1) Adjusted provision for credit losses excludes provisions related to the M&I purchased performing loan portfolio and changes in the collective allowance.
(2) Certain ratios for 2012 were restated in the first quarter of 2013 to conform to the reclassified balance sheet presentation.
(3) Ratio is presented excluding purchased portfolios, to provide for better historical comparisons.
This table contains adjusted results and measures, which are Non-GAAP. Please see the Non-GAAP Measures section.
Provision for Credit Losses by Operating Group (1) Table 6
(Canadian $
in millions,
except as noted)
Q4-2013 Q3-2013 Q4-2012 Fiscal-2013 Fiscal-2012
Canadian P&C 166 126 146 574 615
U.S. P&C 96 40 75 223 274
Personal and Commercial Banking 262 166 221 797 889
Wealth Management 1 (1 ) 11 3 22
BMO Capital Markets (17 ) 2 (4 ) (36 ) 6
Corporate Services, including T&O
Impaired real estate loan portfolio (14 ) (26 ) 1 (43 ) 19
Interest on impaired loans 12 12 16 48 44
Purchased credit impaired loans (104 ) (140 ) (132 ) (410 ) (509 )
Adjusted provision for credit losses 140 13 113 359 471
Specific provisions on purchased performing loans (2) 49 44 103 240 291
Change in collective allowance - 20 (24 ) (10 ) 3
Provision for credit losses 189 77 192 589 765
(1) Effective Q1-2013, provisions in the operating groups are reported on an actual loss basis and interest on impaired loans is allocated to the operating groups. Prior periods have been restated accordingly.
(2) Provisions for the purchased performing loan portfolio are reported in Corporate Services.
This table contains adjusted results or measures, which are Non-GAAP. Please see the Non-GAAP Measures section.

Impaired Loans

Total gross impaired loans were $2,544 million at the end of the current quarter, down from $2,650 million in the third quarter of 2013 and from $2,976 million a year ago. The stronger U.S. dollar raised gross impaired loans by $27 million relative to the third quarter of 2013 and $75 million relative to a year ago. Included in the amount above at the end of the quarter was $928 million of gross impaired loans related to acquired loan portfolios, of which $146 million is subject to a loss-sharing agreement with the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation that expires in 2015 for commercial loans and in 2020 for retail loans.

Impaired loan formations (excluding the M&I purchased performing loan portfolio) totalled $462 million in the current quarter, up from $399 million in the third quarter of 2013 and $428 million a year ago. Impaired loan formations related to the M&I purchased performing loan portfolio were $152 million in the current quarter, compared with $211 million in the third quarter of 2013 and $359 million a year ago.

Changes in Gross Impaired Loans and Acceptances (GIL) (1) Table 7
(Canadian $
in millions,
except as noted)
Q4-2013 Q3-2013 Q4-2012 Fiscal-2013 Fiscal-2012
GIL, beginning of period 2,650 2,848 2,867 2,976 2,685
Additions to impaired loans and acceptances 614 610 787 2,449 3,101
Reductions in impaired loans and acceptances (2) (451 ) (589 ) (367 ) (1,942 ) (1,631 )
Write-offs (3) (269 ) (219 ) (311 ) (939 ) (1,179 )
GIL, end of period 2,544 2,650 2,976 2,544 2,976
GIL as a % of gross loans and acceptances (4) 0.91 0.97 1.17 0.91 1.17
GIL as a % of gross loans and acceptances excluding purchased portfolios (4) (5) 0.61 0.64 0.84 0.61 0.84
GIL as a % of equity and allowances for credit losses 7.61 8.14 9.30 7.61 9.30
GIL as a % of equity and allowances for credit losses excluding purchased portfolios (5) 4.86 5.04 6.18 4.86 6.18
(1) GIL excludes purchased credit impaired loans.
(2) Includes impaired amounts returned to performing status, loan sales, repayments, the impact of foreign exchange fluctuations and effects for consumer write-offs which have not been recognized in formations.
(3) Excludes certain loans that are written-off directly and not classified as new formations ($86 million in Q4-2013; $91 million in Q3-2013; and $99 million in Q4-2012).
(4) Certain ratios for 2012 were restated in the first quarter of 2013 to conform to the reclassified balance sheet presentation.
(5) Ratio is presented excluding purchased portfolios, to provide for better historical comparisons.
This table contains adjusted results and measures, which are non-GAAP. Please see the Non-GAAP Measures section.

Market Risk

Total Trading Value at Risk (VaR) decreased over the quarter generally due to less market volatility, especially for equity exposures. There was a partially offsetting interest rate VaR increase from client facilitation activities. The available-for-sale (AFS) VaR decreased mainly because of less market volatility with only modest changes in positions.

Total Trading Stressed Value at Risk (SVaR) increased slightly with reduced equity exposures offset by higher interest rate risk, broadly reflecting the changes in Trading VaR for the quarter.

There were no significant changes in our structural market risk management practices during the quarter. Structural economic value exposure to rising interest rates primarily reflects a lower market value for fixed-rate loans. Structural earnings exposure to falling interest rates primarily reflects the risk of prime-based loans repricing at lower rates. Economic value exposure to rising interest rates increased from the prior quarter due to decreased U.S. short-term asset sensitivity and U.S. term loan growth. Earnings exposures increased modestly over the quarter.

BMO's market risk management practices and key measures are outlined on pages 87 to 91 of BMO's 2013 Annual MD&A.

Total Trading Value at Risk (VaR) Summary
($ in millions)* **
Table 8
For the quarter ended October 31, 2013 As at July
31, 2013
As at October
31, 2012
(Pre-tax Canadian equivalent) Quarter-end Average High Low Quarter-end Quarter-end
Commodity VaR (0.4 ) (0.6 ) (0.9 ) (0.4 ) (0.6 ) (0.6 )
Equity VaR (6.1 ) (6.9 ) (8.4 ) (5.4 ) (7.3 ) (6.6 )
Foreign Exchange VaR (0.5 ) (0.8 ) (1.3 ) (0.4 ) (0.7 ) (0.2 )
Interest Rate VaR (4.6 ) (5.3 ) (8.6 ) (3.4 ) (3.7 ) (4.5 )
Credit VaR (5.0 ) (5.1 ) (5.8 ) (4.6 ) (5.1 ) (5.5 )
Diversification 7.5 8.7 nm nm 7.6 6.7
Total Trading VaR (9.1 ) (10.0 ) (12.8 ) (7.6 ) (9.8 ) (10.7 )
Total AFS VaR (10.1 ) (12.1 ) (14.5 ) (10.0 ) (11.5 ) (8.9 )
* Total Trading VaR and AFS VaR above are subject to BMO Capital Markets trading management framework.
** One-day measure using a 99% confidence interval. Losses are in brackets and benefits are presented as positive numbers.
nm - not meaningful
Total Trading Stressed Value at Risk (SVaR) Summary
($ in millions)* **
Table 9
For the quarter ended October 31, 2013 As at July
31, 2013
As at October
31, 2012
(Pre-tax Canadian equivalent) Quarter-end Average High Low Quarter-end Quarter-end
Commodity SVaR (4.7 ) (4.3 ) (6.3 ) (3.1 ) (4.5 ) (2.1 )
Equity SVaR (9.8 ) (9.9 ) (12.2 ) (8.7 ) (10.1 ) (10.5 )
Foreign Exchange SVaR (0.8 ) (1.1 ) (2.1 ) (0.7 ) (0.9 ) (0.3 )
Interest Rate SVaR (9.5 ) (9.8 ) (11.2 ) (8.2 ) (8.4 ) (11.4 )
Credit SVaR (11.0 ) (10.9 ) (12.1 ) (9.7 ) (11.1 ) (9.3 )
Diversification 19.9 20.4 nm nm 19.3 18.9
Total Trading SVaR (15.9 ) (15.6 ) (17.0 ) (13.9 ) (15.7 ) (14.7 )
* SVaR is produced weekly.
** One-day measure using a 99% confidence interval. Losses are in brackets and benefits are presented as positive numbers.
nm - not meaningful
Structural Balance Sheet Earnings and Value Sensitivity to Changes in Interest Rates ($ in millions)* ** Table 10
Economic value sensitivity (Pre-tax) Earnings sensitivity over the next 12 months (After tax)
(Canadian equivalent) October
31, 2013
July
31, 2013
October
31, 2012
October
31, 2013
July
31, 2013
October
31, 2012
100 basis point increase (503.1 ) (464.6 ) (537.6 ) 95.4 83.3 20.1
100 basis point decrease 340.1 239.2 402.9 (90.8 ) (84.0 ) (74.6 )
200 basis point increase (1,078.8 ) (1,003.2 ) (1,223.1 ) 158.1 139.3 27.2
200 basis point decrease 442.7 345.9 783.6 (113.7 ) (82.1 ) (75.1 )
* Losses are in brackets and benefits are presented as positive numbers.
** For BMO's insurance businesses, a 100 basis point increase in interest rates at October 31, 2013, results in an increase in earnings after tax of $81 million and an increase in before tax economic value of $335 million ($83 million and $387 million, respectively, at July 31, 2013; and $94 million and $560 million, respectively, at October 31, 2012). A 100 basis point decrease in interest rates at October 31, 2013, results in a decrease in earnings after tax of $66 million and a decrease in before tax economic value of $399 million ($72 million and $468 million, respectively, at July 31, 2013; and $74 million and $634 million, respectively, at October 31, 2012). These impacts are not reflected in the table above.

Our information management and security, collateral management, real estate secured lending, derivative transactions, liquidity and funding, and insurance risk management practices and key measures are outlined in the Enterprise-Wide Risk Management section on pages 77 to 99 of BMO's 2013 annual MD&A.

There were no significant changes in our liquidity and funding management framework during the quarter.

There were no significant changes in the risk management practices or risk levels of our insurance businesses during the quarter.

Caution

This Risk Management section contains forward-looking statements. Please see the Caution Regarding Forward-Looking Statements.

Adjusted results in this Risk Management section are non-GAAP amounts or non-GAAP measures. Please see the Non-GAAP Measures section.

Capital Management

BMO's Basel III capital position is strong and in excess of regulatory expectations with a Common Equity Tier 1 (CET1) Ratio of 9.9%.

Fourth Quarter 2013 Regulatory Capital Review

BMO remains well capitalized at October 31, 2013, with a CET1 Ratio of 9.9%. CET1 capital was $21.2 billion and risk-weighted assets (RWA) were $215 billion. The CET1 Ratio increased from 9.6% in the third quarter, due primarily to retained earnings growth, partly offset by the impact of share repurchases under our normal course issuer bid (NCIB), and by the appreciation of RWA and CET1 deductions denominated in U.S. dollars. RWA of $215 billion at October 31, 2013 was relatively consistent with the prior quarter.

The bank's Basel III Tier 1 and Total Capital Ratios were 11.4% and 13.7%, respectively, at October 31, 2013, compared with 11.2% and 13.5%, respectively, in the third quarter. These ratios increased from the third quarter primarily due to the same factors that caused the increase in the CET1 Ratio from the third quarter, as noted above.

BMO's Assets-to-Capital Multiple (ACM), a leverage ratio monitored by OSFI and calculated using transitional total capital prescribed by OSFI, was 15.6 at October 31, 2013, improved from 16.2 in the third quarter due to increased Tier 1 capital (as discussed above) and reduced adjusted assets.

Additional detail on BMO's Basel III regulatory capital calculations can be found in the Enterprise-Wide Capital Management section on pages 61 to 65 of BMO's 2013 Annual MD&A.

Other Capital Developments

During the fourth quarter, we purchased approximately 2.7 million shares under the bank's NCIB, for an aggregate repurchase of approximately 10.7 million shares since the inception of the program in February 2013. The timing and amount of purchases under the program are subject to management discretion. The bank only initiates purchases under the program after consulting with OSFI.

During the quarter, 928,500 common shares were issued through the exercise of stock options.

On December 3, 2013, BMO announced that the Board of Directors had declared a quarterly dividend payable to common shareholders of $0.76 per common share, increased by $0.02 from the preceding quarter and up $0.04 per share from a year ago. The dividend and share repurchases reflect our strong capital position and the success of our business strategies.

The dividend is payable February 26, 2014, to shareholders of record on February 3, 2014. Common shareholders may elect to have their cash dividends reinvested in common shares of the bank in accordance with the DRIP.

On December 3, 2013, BMO also announced its intention, subject to the approval of OSFI and the Toronto Stock Exchange (TSX), to initiate a new NCIB for up to 15 million of the bank's own common shares, commencing on or about February 1, 2014, after the expiry of the current NCIB. Once approvals are obtained, the share repurchase program will permit the bank to purchase the bank's own common shares on the TSX for the purpose of cancellation. Maintaining a NCIB is part of BMO's capital management strategy. The timing and amount of any purchases under the program is subject to regulatory approvals and to management discretion based on factors such as market conditions.

Caution

The foregoing Capital Management sections contain forward-looking statements. Please see the Caution Regarding Forward-Looking Statements.

Adjusted amounts in this Capital Management section are non-GAAP amounts or non-GAAP measures. Please see the Non-GAAP Measures section.

Qualifying Regulatory Capital and Risk-Weighted Assets Table 11
Basel III Regulatory Capital and Risk-Weighted Assets
(Canadian $ in millions)
(1)
All-in
(2)
Transitional
(1)
All-in
(2)
Transitional
Q4-2013 Q4-2013 Q3-2013 Q3-2013
Gross Common Equity (3) 28,144 28,144 27,374 27,524
Regulatory adjustments applied to Common Equity (6,917 ) 9 (6,747 ) -
Common Equity Tier 1 capital (CET1) 21,227 28,153 20,627 27,524
Additional Tier 1 Eligible Capital (4) 3,781 3,781 3,769 3,769
Regulatory adjustments applied to Tier 1 (409 ) (3,781 ) (410 ) (3,760 )
Additional Tier 1 capital (AT1) 3,372 - 3,359 9
Tier 1 capital (T1 = CET1 + AT1) 24,599 28,153 23,986 27,533
Tier 2 Eligible Capital (5) 4,951 4,951 4,902 4,903
Regulatory adjustments applied to Tier 2 (50 ) (13 ) (50 ) -
Tier 2 capital (T2) 4,901 4,938 4,852 4,903
Total capital (TC= T1 + T2) 29,500 33,091 28,838 32,436
Total risk-weighted assets 215,094 232,501 214,233 229,792
Capital Ratios (%)
CET1 Ratio 9.9 12.1 9.6 12.0
Tier 1 Capital Ratio 11.4 12.1 11.2 12.0
Total Capital Ratio 13.7 14.2 13.5 14.1
(1) "All-in" regulatory capital assumes that all Basel III regulatory adjustments are applied effective January 1, 2013, and that the capital value of instruments which no longer qualify as regulatory capital under Basel III rules will be phased out at a rate of 10% per year from January 1, 2013, and continuing to January 1, 2022.
(2) Transitional regulatory capital assumes that all Basel III regulatory capital adjustments are phased in from January 1, 2014, to January 1, 2018, and that the capital value of instruments that no longer qualify as regulatory capital under Basel III rules will be phased out at a rate of 10% per year from January 1, 2013, and continuing to January 1, 2022.
(3) Gross Common Equity includes issued qualifying common shares, retained earnings, accumulated other comprehensive income and eligible common share capital issued by subsidiaries.
(4) Additional Tier 1 Eligible Capital includes directly and indirectly issued qualifying Additional Tier 1 instruments and directly and indirectly issued capital instruments, to the extent eligible, which are subject to phase-out under Basel III.
(5) Tier 2 Eligible Capital includes directly and indirectly issued qualifying Tier 2 instruments and directly and indirectly issued capital instruments, to the extent eligible, that are subject to phase-out under Basel III.

Eligible Dividends Designation

For the purposes of the Income Tax Act (Canada) and any similar provincial and territorial legislation, BMO designates all dividends paid or deemed to be paid on both its common and preferred shares as "eligible dividends", unless indicated otherwise.

Review of Operating Groups' Performance

Operating Groups' Summary Income Statements and Statistics for Q4-2013 Table 12
Q4-2013 Fiscal-2013
(Canadian $
in millions,
except as noted)
P&C Wealth Management BMO CM
Corp
Total BMO P&C Wealth Management BMO CM
Corp
Total BMO
Net interest income (teb) (1) 1,734 146 287 (82 ) 2,085 6,807 564 1,238 (64 ) 8,545
Non-interest revenue 614 895 518 76 2,103 2,471 2,890 2,190 167 7,718
Total revenue (teb) (1) 2,348 1,041 805 (6 ) 4,188 9,278 3,454 3,428 103 16,263
Provision for credit losses 262 1 (17 ) (57 ) 189 797 3 (36 ) (175 ) 589
Non-interest expense 1,292 600 517 188 2,597 5,090 2,340 2,049 818 10,297
Income before income taxes 794 440 305 (137 ) 1,402 3,391 1,111 1,415 (540 ) 5,377
Income taxes (recovery) (teb) (1) 219 128 76 (109 ) 314 941 277 321 (410 ) 1,129
Reported net income Q4-2013 575 312 229 (28 ) 1,088 2,450 834 1,094 (130 ) 4,248
Reported net income Q3-2013 650 218 280 (11 ) 1,137
Reported net income Q4-2012 582 164 314 22 1,082 2,355 524 1,021 289 4,189
Adjusted net income Q4-2013 590 319 229 (36 ) 1,102 2,510 861 1,096 (191 ) 4,276
Adjusted net income Q3-2013 665 225 281 (35 ) 1,136
Adjusted net income Q4-2012 600 169 315 41 1,125 2,429 545 1,022 96 4,092
Other statistics (% except as noted)
Return on equity 15.4 41.2 15.9 nm 15.0 17.3 28.6 18.9 nm 14.9
Adjusted return on equity 15.8 42.1 15.9 nm 15.2 17.7 29.6 18.9 nm 15.0
Operating leverage 0.4 25.7 (10.1 ) nm 4.2 0.4 13.4 (0.1 ) nm 0.2
Adjusted operating leverage - 26.0 (10.1 ) nm 0.9 - 13.7 - nm 0.1
Efficiency ratio (teb) 55.0 57.7 64.3 nm 62.0 54.9 67.7 59.8 nm 63.3
Adjusted efficiency ratio (teb) 54.1 56.8 64.2 nm 61.6 53.9 66.7 59.7 nm 63.1
Net interest margin on earning assets (teb) 2.89 2.92 0.56 nm 1.67 2.97 2.91 0.61 nm 1.77
Adjusted net interest margin on earning assets (teb) 2.89 2.92 0.56 nm 1.58 2.97 2.91 0.61 nm 1.63
Net economic profit ($ millions) (2) 191 240 81 (177 ) 335 990 554 471 (717 ) 1,298
Average common equity ($ billions) 14.3 3.0 5.5 4.9 27.7 13.7 2.9 5.6 5.0 27.2
Average earning assets ($ billions) 238.0 19.8 204.1 33.3 495.2 229.2 19.4 202.4 33.1 484.1
Full-time equivalent staff 23,928 6,117 2,278 13,308 45,631
(1) Operating group revenues, income taxes and net interest margin are stated on a taxable equivalent basis (teb). The group teb adjustments are offset in Corporate Services, and Total BMO revenue, income taxes and net interest margin are stated on a GAAP basis.
(2) Net economic profit is a non-GAAP measure. Please see the Non-GAAP Measures section.
Adjusted results in this table are non-GAAP amounts or non-GAAP measures. Please see the Non-GAAP Measures section.
Corp means Corporate Services, including Technology and Operations.
nm - not meaningful

The following sections review the financial results of each of our operating segments and operating groups for the fourth quarter of 2013.

Periodically, certain business lines and units within the business lines are transferred between client groups to more closely align BMO's organizational structure with its strategic priorities. Results for prior periods are restated to conform to the current presentation.

Corporate Services results reflect certain items in respect of the acquired loan portfolio, including the recognition of a portion of the credit mark that is reflected in net interest income over the term of the purchased loans and provisions for credit losses on the acquired loan portfolio. Integration and restructuring costs, run-off structured credit activities and changes in the collective allowance are also included in Corporate Services.

Commencing in the first quarter of 2013, we changed the way in which we evaluate our operating segments to reflect the provisions for credit losses on an actual credit loss basis rather than on an expected loss basis. Provisions for the purchased performing and purchased credit impaired loan portfolios continue to be evaluated and reported in Corporate Services.

During the first quarter of 2013 we refined our methodology for the allocation of certain revenues in Corporate Services by geographic region. As a consequence, we have reallocated certain revenue of prior periods from Canada to the United States in Corporate Services.

BMO analyzes revenue at the consolidated level based on GAAP revenues reflected in the consolidated financial statements rather than on a taxable equivalent basis (teb), which is consistent with our Canadian peer group. Like many banks, we continue to analyze revenue on a teb basis at the operating group level. This basis includes an adjustment that increases GAAP revenues and the GAAP provision for income taxes by an amount that would raise revenues on certain tax-exempt items to a level equivalent to amounts that would incur tax at the statutory rate. The offset to the group teb adjustments is reflected in Corporate Services revenues and income tax provisions. The teb adjustments for the fourth quarter of 2013 totalled $89 million, down from $120 million in the third quarter of 2013 and $92 million in the fourth quarter of 2012.

Personal and Commercial Banking (P&C) Table 13
(Canadian $
in millions,
except as noted)
Q4-2013
Q4-2012

% Increase
(Decrease)
vs Q4-2012
Q3-2013
% Increase
(Decrease)
vs Q3-2013
Fiscal-2013 Fiscal-2012 % Increase (Decrease)
vs Fiscal-2012
Net interest income (teb) 1,734 1,684 3 1,718 1 6,807 6,821 -
Non-interest revenue 614 616 - 635 (3 ) 2,471 2,415 2
Total revenue (teb) 2,348 2,300 2 2,353 - 9,278 9,236 -
Provision for credit losses 262 221 18 166 58 797 889 (10 )
Non-interest expense 1,292 1,272 2 1,287 - 5,090 5,084 -
Income before income taxes 794 807 (2 ) 900 (12 ) 3,391 3,263 4
Income taxes (teb) 219 225 (3 ) 250 (13 ) 941 908 4
Reported net income 575 582 (1 ) 650 (12 ) 2,450 2,355 4
Adjusted net income 590 600 (2 ) 665 (11 ) 2,510 2,429 3
Return on equity (%) 15.4 17.9 (2.5 ) 18.1 (2.7 ) 17.3 18.1 (0.8 )
Adjusted return on equity (%) 15.8 18.4 (2.6 ) 18.5 (2.7 ) 17.7 18.6 (0.9 )
Operating leverage (%) 0.4 (1.9 ) nm - nm 0.4 (3.7 ) nm
Adjusted operating leverage (%) - (2.0 ) nm (0.4 ) nm - (2.8 ) nm
Efficiency ratio (%) (teb) 55.0 55.3 (0.3 ) 54.7 0.3 54.9 55.0 (0.1 )
Adjusted efficiency ratio (%) (teb) 54.1 54.2 (0.1 ) 53.8 0.3 53.9 53.9 -
Net interest margin on earning assets (%) (teb) 2.89 3.10 (0.21 ) 2.94 (0.05 ) 2.97 3.22 (0.25 )
Average earning assets ($ billions) 238.0 216.4 10 232.2 2 229.2 212.1 8
Adjusted results in this table are non-GAAP amounts or non-GAAP measures. Please see the Non-GAAP Measures section.
nm - not meaningful

The Personal and Commercial Banking (P&C) operating group represents the sum of our two retail and business banking operating segments, Canadian Personal and Commercial Banking (Canadian P&C) and U.S. Personal and Commercial Banking (U.S. P&C). These operating segments are reviewed separately in the sections that follow.

Canadian Personal and Commercial Banking (Canadian P&C) Table 14
(Canadian $
in millions,
except as noted)
Q4-2013
Q4-2012
% Increase
(Decrease)
vs. Q4-2012
Q3-2013 % Increase
(Decrease)
vs. Q3-2013

Fiscal-2013

Fiscal-2012
% Increase (Decrease)
vs Fiscal-2012
Net interest income (teb) 1,143 1,088 5 1,125 1 4,429 4,365 1
Non-interest revenue 483 470 2 495 (3 ) 1,912 1,847 4
Total revenue (teb) 1,626 1,558 4 1,620 - 6,341 6,212 2
Provision for credit losses 166 146 13 126 32 574 615 (7 )
Non-interest expense 822 810 2 821 - 3,250 3,183 2
Income before income taxes 638 602 6 673 (6 ) 2,517 2,414 4
Provision for income taxes (teb) 169 160 5 176 (6 ) 663 639 4
Reported net income 469 442 6 497 (6 ) 1,854 1,775 4
Adjusted net income 472 444 6 500 (6 ) 1,864 1,785 4
Personal revenue 1,017 979 4 1,011 1 3,970 3,896 2
Commercial revenue 609 579 5 609 - 2,371 2,316 2
Operating leverage (%) 2.7 (1.2 ) 3.9 0.1 2.6 - (1.2 ) nm
Efficiency ratio (%) (teb) 50.6 51.9 (1.3 ) 50.6 - 51.3 51.2 0.1
Net interest margin on earning assets (%) (teb) 2.55 2.68 (0.13 ) 2.58 (0.03 ) 2.59 2.79 (0.20 )
Average earning assets ($ billions) 178.1 161.3 10 172.9 3 170.8 156.2 9
Adjusted results in this table are non-GAAP amounts or non-GAAP measures. Please see the Non-GAAP Measures section.
nm - not meaningful

Q4 2013 vs Q4 2012

Canadian P&C net income of $469 million increased $27 million or 6% from a year ago. Revenue was up $68 million or 4% from the prior year as the effects of strong volume growth across most products were partially offset by the impact of lower net interest margin. Net interest margin decreased 13 basis points to 2.55% due to changes in mix including loan balances growing faster than deposits and lower deposit spreads in the low-rate environment.

In the personal banking segment, revenue increased $38 million or 4% year over year reflecting higher balance and fee volumes across most products and lower net interest margin. Total personal lending balances (excluding credit cards) increased 11% year over year. Total personal lending (excluding credit cards) market share was up 31 basis points and would have increased even more except for the impact from two recent acquisitions by competitors.

Personal deposit balances increased 6% year over year mainly due to increased balances in retail operating deposits.

In the commercial banking segment, revenue increased $30 million or 5% reflecting higher balance and fees volumes across most products and lower net interest margin.

Commercial loans and deposits balance growth continued to be strong with year-over-year increases of 11% and 14%, respectively.

Provisions for credit losses increased $20 million or 13%, mainly due to one commercial account offset in part by modestly lower consumer provisions.

Non-interest expense increased a modest $12 million or 2% due to higher employee-related expenses and continued selective investment in the business partially offset by productivity benefits from good expense management.

Average current loans and acceptances increased $17 billion or 11% from a year ago, and deposits increased $10 billion or 9%.

Q4 2013 vs Q3 2013

Net income decreased $28 million or 6% from last quarter primarily due to higher provisions for credit losses. Revenues increased $6 million from the prior quarter reflecting higher volumes across most products despite lower card fees and lower net interest margin. Net interest margin declined 3 basis points to 2.55%.

Personal revenue increased $6 million due to higher balance volumes across most products, partially offset by lower cards fees and lower net interest margin. Personal lending market share was up 22 basis points resulting from strong residential mortgage growth.

Commercial revenue was unchanged from the prior quarter as higher balance volumes across most products were offset by lower net interest margin. Commercial lending market share for small and medium-sized loans remained consistent with last quarter, while commercial deposits market share increased 16 basis points.

Provisions for credit losses increased $40 million primarily due to one commercial account and a modest increase in consumer provisions.

Non-interest expense increased marginally by $1 million as moderate investment in the business was offset by lower employee-related expenses.

Average current loans and acceptances increased $5 billion or 3% from last quarter, while deposits increased $3 billion or 3%.

U.S. Personal and Commercial Banking (U.S. P&C) Table 15
(Canadian $
in millions,
except as noted)
Q4-2013
Q4-2012
% Increase
(Decrease)
vs Q4-2012

Q3-2013
% Increase
(Decrease)
vs Q3-2013

Fiscal-2013

Fiscal-2012
% Increase (Decrease)
vs Fiscal-2012
Net interest income (teb) 591 596 (1 ) 593 - 2,378 2,456 (3 )
Non-interest revenue 131 146 (10 ) 140 (6 ) 559 568 (1 )
Total revenue (teb) 722 742 (3 ) 733 (1 ) 2,937 3,024 (3 )
Provision for credit losses 96 75 28 40 +100 223 274 (19 )
Non-interest expense 470 462 2 466 1 1,840 1,901 (3 )
Income before income taxes 156 205 (23 ) 227 (30 ) 874 849 3
Provision for income taxes (teb) 50 65 (22 ) 74 (30 ) 278 269 3
Reported net income 106 140 (24 ) 153 (31 ) 596 580 3
Adjusted net income 118 156 (24 ) 165 (29 ) 646 644 -
Operating leverage (%) (4.3 ) (3.7 ) nm (1.2 ) nm 0.3 (3.2 ) nm
Adjusted operating leverage (%) (5.3 ) (4.1 ) nm (2.1 ) nm (0.5 ) (1.6 ) nm
Efficiency ratio (%) (teb) 65.1 62.3 2.8 63.7 1.4 62.6 62.9 (0.3 )
Adjusted efficiency ratio (%) (teb) 62.4 59.2 3.2 61.1 1.3 60.1 59.8 0.3
Net interest margin on earning assets (%) (teb) 3.91 4.30 (0.39 ) 4.01 (0.10 ) 4.07 4.40 (0.33 )
Average earning assets ($ billions) 59.9 55.1 9 59.3 1 58.4 55.9 4
U.S. Select Financial Data (US$ in millions, except as noted)
Net interest income (teb) 567 603 (6 ) 571 (1 ) 2,324 2,449 (5 )
Non-interest revenue 126 147 (14 ) 134 (6 ) 547 566 (3 )
Total revenue (teb) 693 750 (8 ) 705 (2 ) 2,871 3,015 (5 )
Non-interest expense 451 467 (3 ) 448 - 1,797 1,895 (5 )
Reported net income 102 141 (28 ) 147 (31 ) 584 578 1
Adjusted net income 113 156 (28 ) 160 (29 ) 633 641 (1 )
Average earning assets (US$ billions) 57.5 55.7 3 57.1 1 57.0 55.7 2
Adjusted results in this table are non-GAAP amounts or non-GAAP measures. Please see the Non-GAAP Measures section.
nm - not meaningful

Q4 2013 vs Q4 2012 (in U.S. $)

Net income of $102 million decreased $39 million or 28% from $141 million in the fourth quarter a year ago. Adjusted net income was $113 million, a decrease of $43 million or 28% from a year ago, due to above trend commercial provisions for credit losses in the current quarter and reduced revenue and expenses.

Revenue of $693 million decreased $57 million or 8% from a year ago, as the benefits from commercial loan growth were more than offset by the effects of lower net interest margin, planned reductions in certain portfolios and lower mortgage-related non-interest revenue.

Net interest margin decreased by 39 basis points due to a decline in loan spreads due to competitive pricing and a decline in deposit spreads given the low-rate environment.

Provisions for credit losses were $92 million and increased by $16 million primarily due to above trend commercial provisions in the current quarter.

Non-interest expense of $451 million decreased $16 million or 3%. Adjusted non-interest expense of $433 million was $11 million or 3% lower primarily due to synergy-related savings, partially offset by the effects of selective investments in the business and higher regulatory-related costs.

Average current loans and acceptances increased $1.8 billion year over year to $52.0 billion. The core commercial and industrial (C&I) loan portfolio continues to grow, increasing $3.8 billion or 19% from a year ago to $23.7 billion. In addition, there has been growth in our indirect auto and core commercial real estate portfolios. As expected, there were decreases in certain loan portfolios, including our mortgage loan portfolio, due to the effects of our continued practice of selling most mortgage originations and active loan portfolio management.

Average deposits declined slightly by $0.6 billion year over year to $58.8 billion, as growth in our commercial business and in our personal chequing and savings accounts was more than offset by a planned reduction in higher cost personal money market and time deposit accounts.

Q4 2013 vs Q3 2013 (in U.S. $)

Net income declined $45 million or 31% and adjusted net income declined $47 million or 29% from the prior quarter, primarily driven by an increase in the provision for credit losses.

Revenue decreased $12 million or 2% primarily due to lower mortgage related non-interest revenue.

Net interest income was relatively unchanged as benefits from commercial loan growth were offset by lower net interest margin.

Provisions for credit losses increased $53 million with higher provisions in both the consumer and commercial portfolios. The increase in the consumer portfolio was due to a $23 million provision for current loans where borrowers have declared bankruptcy but continue to make payments on their loans, and the provisions in the commercial portfolio were above trend in the current quarter.

Non-interest expense and adjusted non-interest expense were both relatively stable compared to the prior quarter with an increase of less than 1%.

Average current loans and acceptances increased by $0.5 billion from the prior quarter, our fourth consecutive quarter of positive growth.

Average deposits decreased by $0.2 billion from the prior quarter.

Adjusted results in this U.S. P&C section are non-GAAP amounts or non-GAAP measures. Please see the Non-GAAP measures section.

Wealth Management Table 16
(Canadian $
in millions,
except as noted)
Q4-2013
Q4-2012
% Increase
(Decrease)
vs Q4-2012
Q3-2013 % Increase
(Decrease)
vs Q3-2013
Fiscal-2013 Fiscal-2012 % Increase (Decrease)
vs Fiscal-2012
Net interest income (teb) 146 133 10 146 - 564 561 -
Non-interest revenue 895 652 37 723 24 2,890 2,344 23
Total revenue (teb) 1,041 785 33 869 20 3,454 2,905 19
Provision for credit losses 1 11 (83 ) (1 ) +100 3 22 (84 )
Non-interest expense 600 562 7 585 3 2,340 2,219 5
Income before income taxes 440 212 +100 285 54 1,111 664 67
Provision for income taxes (teb) 128 48 +100 67 88 277 140 96
Reported net income 312 164 91 218 43 834 524 59
Adjusted net income 319 169 89 225 42 861 545 58
Financial Measures and Ratios (%)
Return on equity (%) 41.2 29.4 11.8 29.3 11.9 28.6 24.1 4.5
Adjusted return on equity (%) 42.1 30.3 11.8 30.3 11.8 29.6 25.0 4.6
Operating leverage (%) 25.7 5.8 nm 20.7 nm 13.4 (1.3 ) nm
Adjusted operating leverage 26.0 5.9 nm 21.0 nm 13.7 (0.6 ) nm
Efficiency ratio (%) (teb) 57.7 71.6 (13.9 ) 67.3 (9.6 ) 67.7 76.4 (8.7 )
Adjusted efficiency ratio (%) (teb) 56.8 70.7 (13.9 ) 66.2 (9.4 ) 66.7 75.4 (8.7 )
Net interest margin on earning assets (%) (teb) 2.92 2.85 0.07 2.94 (0.02 ) 2.91 3.14 (0.23 )
Average earning assets ($ billions) 19.8 18.6 7 19.6 1 19.4 17.9 9
U.S. Select Financial Data (US$ in millions, except as noted)
Total revenue (teb) 358 170 +100 178 +100 883 699 26
Non-interest expense 145 141 3 142 2 574 552 4
Reported net income 136 13 +100 26 +100 200 84 +100
Adjusted net income 141 16 +100 31 +100 221 99 +100
Average earning assets ($ billions) 2.8 2.8 - 2.7 5 2.7 2.9 (8 )
Adjusted results in this table are non-GAAP amounts or non-GAAP measures. Please see the Non-GAAP Measures section.
nm - not meaningful

Q4 2013 vs Q4 2012

Wealth Management produced very strong results for the quarter. Net income of $312 million increased $148 million or 91% from a year ago. Adjusted net income of $319 million increased $150 million or 89%. Adjusted net income in our wealth businesses more than doubled from a year ago reflecting a $121 million after-tax security gain, and a $36 million or 38% increase in adjusted net income from the other wealth businesses to $129 million driven by growth in client assets, increased transaction volumes and a continued focus on productivity. Adjusted net income in insurance was $69 million, down $7 million or 9% from a year ago. The decrease was mainly due to lower benefits from changes in our investment portfolio to improve asset-liability management and a larger impact from unfavourable movements in long-term interest rates relative to the prior year. There was continued growth in both the creditor and life insurance underlying businesses.

Revenue was $1,041 million, up $256 million or 33% from a year ago. Revenue in wealth businesses was $932 million, up $269 million or 41% from a year ago reflecting a $191 million security gain and a 12% increase in the other wealth businesses due to growth in client assets and increased transaction volumes. Insurance revenue was $109 million, down $13 million or 11% due to the factors mentioned above. The stronger U.S. dollar increased revenue by $10 million or 1%.

Non-interest expense was $600 million, up $38 million or 7% from a year ago. Adjusted non-interest expense was $591 million, up $36 million or 7% due to revenue-based costs and higher marketing spend to drive future revenue growth. Growth in expenses was offset in part by the benefits from a continued focus on productivity. The stronger U.S. dollar increased adjusted expense by $7 million or 1%.

Assets under management and administration grew by $66 billion or 14% from a year ago to $553 billion, driven by market appreciation, growth in new client assets and the stronger U.S. dollar.

Q4 2013 vs Q3 2013

Net income was up $94 million or 43% and adjusted net income was up $94 million or 42% from the third quarter. Adjusted net income in wealth businesses was up $119 million or 89% due to a security gain. The performance of the other wealth businesses was consistent with the record performance of the prior quarter. Adjusted net income in insurance was down $25 million or 26%, as the prior quarter included a $42 million after-tax benefit from increases in long-term interest rates, compared with a $12 million after-tax charge in the current quarter. There were also higher benefits from changes in our investment portfolio to improve asset-liability management in the current quarter.

Revenue increased $172 million or 20%. Revenue in wealth businesses increased $205 million or 28%, driven by a $191 million security gain. Insurance revenue decreased $33 million or 23% due to the factors mentioned above.

Adjusted non-interest expense increased $15 million or 3%. The increase was primarily driven by revenue-based costs and higher marketing spend to drive future revenue growth.

Assets under management and administration grew by $26 billion or 5% due to market appreciation, growth in new client assets and the stronger U.S. dollar.

Adjusted results in this Wealth Management section are non-GAAP amounts or non-GAAP measures. Please see the Non-GAAP measures section.

BMO Capital Markets Table 17
(Canadian $
in millions,
except as noted)
Q4-2013
Q4-2012
% Increase
(Decrease)
vs Q4-2012
Q3-2013 % Increase
(Decrease)
vs Q3-2013
Fiscal-2013 Fiscal-2012 % Increase (Decrease)
vs Fiscal-2012
Net interest income (teb) 287 271 6 354 (19 ) 1,238 1,191 4
Non-interest revenue 518 630 (18 ) 515 1 2,190 2,085 5
Total revenue (teb) 805 901 (11 ) 869 (7 ) 3,428 3,276 5
Provision for credit losses (17 ) (4 ) (+100 ) 2 (+100 ) (36 ) 6 (+100 )
Non-interest expense 517 521 (1 ) 514 1 2,049 1,956 5
Income before income taxes 305 384 (21 ) 353 (14 ) 1,415 1,314 8
Provision for income taxes (teb) 76 70 9 73 3 321 293 10
Reported net income 229 314 (27 ) 280 (18 ) 1,094 1,021 7
Adjusted net income 229 315 (27 ) 281 (18 ) 1,096 1,022 7
Trading Products revenue 486 589 (17 ) 569 (15 ) 2,146 2,077 3
Investment and Corporate Banking revenue 319 312 2 300 6 1,282 1,199 7
Return on equity (%) 15.9 27.2 (11.3 ) 19.0 (3.1 ) 18.9 21.7 (2.8 )
Operating leverage (%) (10.1 ) 22.8 nm 1.0 nm (0.1 ) (4.3 ) nm
Efficiency ratio (%) (teb) 64.3 57.8 6.5 59.1 5.2 59.8 59.7 0.1
Net interest margin on earning assets (%) (teb) 0.56 0.55 0.01 0.69 (0.13 ) 0.61 0.61 -
Average earning assets ($ billions) 204.1 195.8 4 203.1 1 202.4 193.9 4
U.S. Select Financial Data (US$ in millions, except as noted)
Total revenue (teb) 280 265 6 245 14 1,081 1,028 5
Non-interest expense 214 221 (3 ) 212 1 849 828 3
Reported net income 58 29 95 25 +100 213 145 47
Adjusted net income 59 30 97 26 +100 216 146 48
Average earning assets (US$ billions) 75.7 73.1 4 80.5 (6 ) 77.9 72.2 8
Adjusted results in this table are non-GAAP amounts or non-GAAP measures. Please see the Non-GAAP Measures section.
nm - not meaningful

Q4 2013 vs Q4 2012

Net income of $229 million decreased $85 million or 27% from a strong fourth quarter a year ago primarily due to lower trading revenues reflecting market uncertainty. The prior year included strong trading revenues and a recovery of prior periods' income taxes.

Revenue decreased by $96 million or 11% to $805 million as higher mergers and acquisitions and debt underwriting fees were more than offset by lower trading revenues reflecting market uncertainty associated with the tapering of quantitative easing and U.S. debt ceiling, as well as lower securities gains and equity underwriting fees. The stronger U.S. dollar increased revenues by $20 million relative to a year ago.

Recoveries of credit losses were $17 million in the current quarter compared with $4 million a year ago due to higher recoveries of previously written-off amounts.

Non-interest expense of $517 million decreased $4 million or 1% primarily due to lower performance-based costs, partly offset by increased technology and support costs related to a changing business and regulatory environment. The stronger U.S. dollar increased expenses by $10 million relative to a year ago.

Q4 2013 vs Q3 2013

Net income decreased $51 million or 18% from the previous quarter. Revenue decreased $64 million or 7% due to lower trading revenues reflecting market uncertainty as well as lower equity underwriting fees. This was partially offset by an increase in both mergers and acquisitions and debt underwriting fees. The stronger U.S. dollar increased revenue marginally by $1 million relative to the previous quarter.

Provisions for credit losses decreased $19 million due to higher recoveries of previously written-off amounts in the current quarter.

Non-interest expense increased $3 million or 1% from the previous quarter, primarily due to increased technology costs, offset in part by lower performance-based costs. The stronger U.S. dollar increased expenses by $1 million relative to the previous quarter.

Corporate Services, Including Technology and Operations Table 18
(Canadian $
in millions,
except as noted)
Q4-2013
Q4-2012
% Increase
(Decrease)
vs Q4-2012
Q3-2013 % Increase (Decrease)
vs Q3-2013

Fiscal-2013

Fiscal-2012
% Increase (Decrease)
vs Fiscal-2012
Net interest income before group teb offset 7 149 (95 ) 48 (85 ) 280 501 (44 )
Group teb offset (89 ) (92 ) 3 (120 ) 26 (344 ) (266 ) (29 )
Net interest income (teb) (82 ) 57 (+100 ) (72 ) (14 ) (64 ) 235 (+100 )
Non-interest revenue 76 133 (43 ) 31 +100 167 478 (65 )
Total revenue (teb) (6 ) 190 (+100 ) (41 ) 88 103 713 (86 )
Provision for (recovery of) credit losses (57 ) (36 ) (59 ) (90 ) 37 (175 ) (152 ) (16 )
Non-interest expense 188 346 (46 ) 156 20 818 979 (17 )
Profit (loss) before income taxes (137 ) (120 ) (14 ) (107 ) (28 ) (540 ) (114 ) (+100 )
Provision for (recovery of) income taxes (teb) (109 ) (142 ) 24 (96 ) (12 ) (410 ) (403 ) (1 )
Reported net income (loss) (28 ) 22 (+100 ) (11 ) (+100 ) (130 ) 289 (+100 )
Adjusted Results
Adjusted total revenue (teb) (134 ) (66 ) (+100 ) (199 ) 33 (588 ) (350 ) (69 )
Adjusted recovery of credit losses (106 ) (115 ) 8 (154 ) 31 (405 ) (446 ) 9
Adjusted non-interest expense 124 115 6 104 19 472 388 21
Adjusted provision for income taxes (recovery) (teb) (116 ) (107 ) (7 ) (114 ) (1 ) (464 ) (388 ) (19 )
Adjusted net income (loss) (36 ) 41 (+100 ) (35 ) (1 ) (191 ) 96 (+100 )
Corporate Services Provision for (Recovery of) Credit Losses
Impaired real estate loan portfolio (14 ) 1 (+100 ) (26 ) 46 (43 ) 19 (+100 )
Interest on impaired loans 12 16 (25 ) 12 - 48 44 9
Purchased credit impaired loans (104 ) (132 ) 21 (140 ) 26 (410 ) (509 ) 19
Recovery of credit losses, adjusted basis (106 ) (115 ) 8 (154 ) 31 (405 ) (446 ) 9
Collective provision - (24 ) +100 20 (+100 ) (10 ) 3 (+100 )
Purchased performing loans 49 103 (52 ) 44 11 240 291 (18 )
Provision for (recovery of) credit losses, reported basis (57 ) (36 ) (59 ) (90 ) 37 (175 ) (152 ) (16 )
Average loans and acceptances 669 1,397 (52 ) 961 (30 ) 972 1,847 (47 )
Period-end loans and acceptances 526 1,314 (60 ) 695 (24 ) 526 1,314 (60 )
U.S. Select Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Total revenue (teb) 19 179 (89 ) 71 (73 ) 273 613 (56 )
Provision for (recovery of) credit losses (95 ) (69 ) (38 ) (106 ) 9 (256 ) (168 ) (52 )
Non-interest expense 109 196 (44 ) 85 31 423 538 (21 )
Reported net income (loss) 22 68 (70 ) 62 (68 ) 112 249 (56 )
Adjusted total revenue (teb) (75 ) (7 ) (+100 ) (78 ) 4 (355 ) (166 ) (+100 )
Adjusted recovery of credit losses (102 ) (116 ) 12 (148 ) 30 (398 ) (441 ) 10
Adjusted non-interest expense 51 31 64 37 38 166 94 75
Adjusted net income (loss) 4 84 (98 ) 26 (85 ) (29 ) 210 (+100 )
Adjusted results in this table are non-GAAP amounts or non-GAAP measures. Please see the Non-GAAP Measures section.
nm - not meaningful

Corporate Services

Corporate Services consists of Corporate Units and Technology and Operations (T&O).

Corporate Units provide enterprise-wide expertise and governance support in a variety of areas, including strategic planning, risk management, finance, legal and compliance, marketing, communications and human resources.

T&O manages, maintains and provides governance over information technology, operations services, real estate and sourcing for BMO Financial Group.

The costs of Corporate Units and T&O services are largely transferred to the three client operating groups (P&C, Wealth Management and BMO CM), and only relatively minor amounts are retained in Corporate Services results. As such, Corporate Services adjusted operating results largely reflect the impact of certain asset-liability management activities, the elimination of taxable equivalent adjustments, the results from certain impaired asset portfolios and the recovery of provisions for credit losses on the purchased credit impaired loan portfolio. Corporate Services reported results also reflect a number of items and activities that are excluded from BMO's adjusted results to help assess BMO's performance. These adjusting items are not reflective of core operating results. They are itemized in the Non-GAAP Measures section. All adjusting items are recorded in Corporate Services except the amortization of acquisition-related intangible assets, which is recorded in the client operating groups.

Financial Performance Review

Q4 2013 vs Q4 2012

Corporate Services net loss for the quarter was $28 million, compared with net income of $22 million a year ago. The adjusted net loss in the fourth quarter of 2013 was $36 million, compared with adjusted net income of $41 million a year ago. Adjusted revenues were lower due to a decline in treasury-related items and a variety of other items, none of which were individually significant. Adjusted non-interest expense was higher primarily due to higher pension and benefit costs, and regulatory-related costs, partially offset by lower technology costs. Adjusted recoveries of credit losses in the current quarter were $106 million compared to $115 million a year ago and the decline included lower recoveries of credit losses on the purchased credit impaired loan portfolio.

Q4 2013 vs Q3 2013

Corporate Services net loss for the quarter was $28 million, compared with a net loss of $11 million in the third quarter. The adjusted net loss was $36 million, compared with a net loss of $35 million in the third quarter. Adjusted revenues improved primarily due to a lower group teb offset and a variety of other items, none of which were individually significant. Adjusted non-interest expenses was higher primarily due to higher technology costs. Adjusted recoveries of credit losses decreased including lower recoveries of credit losses on the purchased credit impaired loan portfolio.

Loans and acceptances at the end of the current quarter were $526 million, down $788 million from the prior year and $169 million from the preceding quarter, reflecting run-off in the impaired real estate secured loan portfolio.

Adjusted results in this Corporate Services section are non-GAAP amounts or non-GAAP measures. Please see the Non-GAAP Measures section.

Non-GAAP Measures

Results and measures in this Financial Review are presented on a GAAP basis. They are also presented on an adjusted basis that excludes the impact of certain items as set out in the following table. Management assesses performance on a reported basis and on an adjusted basis and considers both to be useful in assessing underlying ongoing business performance. Presenting results on both bases provides readers with a better understanding of how management assesses results. It also permits readers to assess the impact of certain specified items on results for the periods presented and to better assess results excluding those items if they consider the items to not be reflective of ongoing results. As such, the presentation may facilitate readers' analysis of trends, as well as comparisons with our competitors. Adjusted results and measures are non-GAAP and as such do not have standardized meaning under GAAP. They are unlikely to be comparable to similar measures presented by other companies and should not be viewed in isolation from or as a substitute for GAAP results.

Net economic profit represents net income available to common shareholders after deduction of a charge for capital and is considered a reasonable measure of added economic value.

Non-GAAP Measures Table 19
(Canadian $
in millions,
except as noted)
Q4-2013 Q3-2013 Q4-2012 Fiscal-
2013
Fiscal-
2012
Reported Results
Revenue 4,188 4,050 4,176 16,263 16,130
Provision for credit losses (189 ) (77 ) (192 ) (589 ) (765 )
Non-interest expense (2,597 ) (2,542 ) (2,701 ) (10,297 ) (10,238 )
Income before income taxes 1,402 1,431 1,283 5,377 5,127
Provision for income taxes (314 ) (294 ) (201 ) (1,129 ) (938 )
Net income 1,088 1,137 1,082 4,248 4,189
EPS ($) 1.62 1.68 1.59 6.26 6.15
Adjusting Items (Pre-tax) (1)
Credit-related items on the M&I purchased performing loan portfolio (see below*) 49 110 57 406 407
M&I integration costs (2) (60 ) (49 ) (153 ) (251 ) (402 )
Amortization of acquisition-related intangible assets (3) (31 ) (32 ) (34 ) (125 ) (134 )
Decrease (increase) in the collective allowance for credit losses (4) - (20 ) 49 2 82
Run-off structured credit activities (5) 26 1 67 40 264
Restructuring charge (6) - - (74 ) (82 ) (173 )
Adjusting items included in reported pre-tax income (16 ) 10 (88 ) (10 ) 44
Adjusting Items (After tax) (1)
Credit-related items on the M&I purchased performing loan portfolio (see below*) 30 68 35 250 251
M&I integration costs (2) (37 ) (30 ) (95 ) (155 ) (250 )
Amortization of acquisition-related intangible assets (3) (22 ) (23 ) (24 ) (89 ) (96 )
Decrease (increase) in the collective allowance for credit losses (4) (5 ) (15 ) 27 (9 ) 53
Run-off structured credit activities (5) 20 1 67 34 261
Restructuring charge (6) - - (53 ) (59 ) (122 )
Adjusting items included in reported net income after tax (14 ) 1 (43 ) (28 ) 97
Impact on EPS ($) (0.02 ) - (0.06 ) (0.04 ) 0.15
Adjusted Results
Revenue 4,060 3,892 3,920 15,572 15,067
Provision for credit losses (140 ) (13 ) (113 ) (359 ) (471 )
Non-interest expense (2,502 ) (2,458 ) (2,436 ) (9,826 ) (9,513 )
Income before income taxes 1,418 1,421 1,371 5,387 5,083
Provision for income taxes (316 ) (285 ) (246 ) (1,111 ) (991 )
Adjusted net income 1,102 1,136 1,125 4,276 4,092
EPS ($) 1.64 1.68 1.65 6.30 6.00
*Credit-related items on the M&I purchased performing loan portfolio are comprised of the following amounts:
Revenue (7) 98 154 185 638 783
Provision for credit losses
Specific provisions for credit losses (49 ) (44 ) (103 ) (240 ) (291 )
Decrease (increase) in the collective allowance - - (25 ) 8 (85 )
Increase in pre-tax income 49 110 57 406 407
Provision for income taxes (19 ) (42 ) (22 ) (156 ) (156 )
Increase in reported net income after tax 30 68 35 250 251
(1) Adjusting items are included in Corporate Services with the exception of the amortization of acquisition-related intangible assets, which is charged to the operating groups.
(2) M&I integration costs are included in non-interest expense.
(3) These expenses have been designated as adjusting items because the purchase decision may not consider the amortization of acquisition-related intangible assets to be a relevant expense. They were charged to the non-interest expense of the operating groups as follows:
- in the fourth quarter of 2013: Canadian P&C $3 million ($2 million after tax), U.S. P&C $18 million ($12 million after tax); Wealth Management $9 million ($7 million after tax); and BMO Capital Markets $1 million before and after tax.
- in the fourth quarter of 2012: Canadian P&C $3 million ($2 million after tax); U.S. P&C $24 million ($17 million after tax); and Wealth Management $7 million ($5 million after tax).
- in the third quarter of 2013: Canadian P&C $3 million before and after tax; U.S. P&C $19 million ($12 million after tax); and Wealth Management $9 million ($7 million after tax); and BMO Capital Markets $1 million before and after tax.
- in fiscal 2013: Canadian P&C $11 million ($10 million after tax); U.S. P&C $76 million ($50 million after tax); Wealth Management $36 million ($27 million after tax); and BMO Capital Markets $2 million before and after tax.
- in fiscal 2012; Canadian P&C $11 million ($10 million after tax); U.S. P&C $93 million ($64 million after tax); Wealth Management $29 million ($21 million after tax); and BMO Capital Markets $1 million before and after tax.
(4) Changes in the collective allowance for credit losses on loans other than the M&I purchased performing loan portfolio.
(5) Primarily comprised of valuation changes associated with these activities, that are mainly included in trading revenue in non-interest revenue.
(6) Restructuring charge to align our cost structure with the current and future business environment as part of a broader effort to improve productivity that is underway.
(7) Recognition in net interest income of a portion of the credit mark on the M&I purchased performing loan portfolio.

INVESTOR AND MEDIA PRESENTATION

Investor Presentation Materials

Interested parties are invited to visit our website at www.bmo.com/investorrelations to review our 2013 annual MD&A and audited annual consolidated financial statements, this quarterly news release, presentation materials and a supplementary financial information package online.

Quarterly Conference Call and Webcast Presentations

Interested parties are also invited to listen to our quarterly conference call on Tuesday, December 3, 2013, at 2:00 p.m. (EST). At that time, senior BMO executives will comment on results for the quarter and respond to questions from the investor community. The call may be accessed by telephone at 416-695-9753 (from within Toronto) or 1-888-789-0089 (toll-free outside Toronto). A replay of the conference call can be accessed until Monday, February 24, 2014, by calling 905-694-9451 (from within Toronto) or 1-800-408-3053 (toll-free outside Toronto) and entering passcode 1254867.

A live webcast of the call can be accessed on our website at www.bmo.com/investorrelations. A replay can also be accessed on the site.

Media Relations Contacts
Ralph Marranca, Toronto, ralph.marranca@bmo.com, 416-867-3996
Ronald Monet, Montreal, ronald.monet@bmo.com, 514-877-1873
Investor Relations Contacts
Sharon Haward-Laird, Head, Investor Relations,
sharon.hawardlaird@bmo.com, 416-867-6656
Andrew Chin, Director, andrew.chin@bmo.com, 416-867-7019
Chief Financial Officer
Tom Flynn, CFO,
tom.flynn@bmo.com, 416-867-4689
Corporate Secretary
Barbara Muir, Senior Vice-President, Deputy General Counsel,
Corporate Affairs and Corporate Secretary
corp.secretary@bmo.com, 416-867-6423

Shareholder Dividend Reinvestment and Share Purchase
Plan (the Plan)
Average market price as defined under the Plan
August 2013 $65.55
September 2013 $68.30
October 2013 $73.17

For dividend information, change in shareholder address
or to advise of duplicate mailings, please contact
Computershare Trust Company of Canada
100 University Avenue, 9th Floor
Toronto, Ontario M5J 2Y1
Telephone: 1-800-340-5021 (Canada and the United States)
Telephone: (514) 982-7800 (international)
Fax: 1-888-453-0330 (Canada and the United States)
Fax: (416) 263-9394 (international)
E-mail: service@computershare.com

For other shareholder information, please contact
Bank of Montreal
Shareholder Services
Corporate Secretary's Department
One First Canadian Place, 21st Floor
Toronto, Ontario M5X 1A1
Telephone: (416) 867-6785
Fax: (416) 867-6793
E-mail: corp.secretary@bmo.com

For further information on this report, please contact
Bank of Montreal
Investor Relations Department
P.O. Box 1, One First Canadian Place, 18th Floor
Toronto, Ontario M5X 1A1

To review financial results online, please visit our website at
www.bmo.com. To review regulatory filings and disclosures online, please visit our website at www.bmo.com/investorrelations.

Our 2013 annual MD&A, audited annual consolidated financial statements and annual report on Form 40-F (filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission) are available online at www.bmo.com/investorrelations and at www.sedar.com. Printed copies of the Bank's complete 2013 audited financial statements are available free of charge upon request at 416-867-6785 or corp.secretary@bmo.com.

® Registered trademark of Bank of Montreal

Annual Meeting 2014
The next Annual Meeting of Shareholders will be held on
Tuesday, April 1, 2014, in Toronto, Ontario.

Contact Information