Canadian Food Inspection Agency

Canadian Food Inspection Agency

November 28, 2011 14:00 ET

CFIA: Emerald Ash Borer Confirmed on Manitoulin Island

OTTAWA, ONTARIO--(Marketwire - Nov. 28, 2011) - The Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) has confirmed the presence of the emerald ash borer (EAB) on Manitoulin Island in Ontario. One adult beetle was collected from a survey trap at Highway 6, Sheguindah, Manitoulin Island as part of our national detection survey for EAB.

Movement restrictions, which prohibit the movement of all ash materials - such as logs, branches and wood chips - and all species of firewood from the affected site, have been put in place. Property owners in the affected area have been notified of these restrictions. Further regulatory measures are being considered.

The presence of EAB has now been confirmed in 25 Ontario counties, and in three areas in the province of Quebec. Although EAB does not pose a risk to human health, it is a highly destructive beetle. It has already killed millions of ash trees in Ontario and the northeastern United States, and poses a major economic threat to urban and forested areas of North America.

EAB can spread rapidly if it is moved by people. The most important way to limit the spread of this invasive beetle is to avoid moving potentially infested ash materials, as well as all species of firewood, to non-infested areas. The public can play its part in helping to control the spread of EAB by not moving firewood and ash materials.

The CFIA will work with affected stakeholders and First Nations communities in the area, as well as federal, provincial and municipal governments, towards slowing the spread of EAB. We all have a responsibility to protect Canada's forests.

Additional information is available on the CFIA website at www.inspection.gc.ca or by calling 1-866-463-6017.

Backgrounder

The emerald ash borer (EAB) was first discovered in Windsor, Ontario and Detroit, Michigan in 2002. It is believed that this beetle was introduced to North America from eastern Asia in wood packaging material in the early 1990s. It went undetected until its population built up to damaging levels.

Scientists in Canada and the United States have concluded that EAB cannot be eradicated. In light of this, the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) adopted a "slow-the-spread" approach. As part of that, the CFIA continues to do the following activities across Canada: surveillance, regulation, enforcement and communications.

To help limit the spread of EAB, a ministerial order has been enacted to regulate areas infested by the pest. This will help to restrict the movement of ash tree articles and firewood. This is needed because moving these items contributes to the beetle spreading.

The regulated areas for EAB under ministerial order in 2011 are as follows.

Ontario

  • the cities of Hamilton and Toronto, the regional municipalities of Chatham-Kent, Durham, York, Peel, Halton, Niagara and Waterloo, the counties of Brant (including the city of Brantford), Elgin, Essex, Haldimand, Huron, Lambton, Middlesex, Norfolk, Oxford, Perth and Wellington
  • the city of Sault Ste. Marie

Ontario-Quebec

  • the city of Ottawa and the United Counties of Leeds and Grenville in Ontario and the city of Gatineau, Quebec

Quebec

  • the municipalities of Carignan, Chambly, Richelieu, Saint-Basile-le-Grand and Saint-Mathias-sur-Richelieu

Specifically, ministerial orders prohibit people from moving the following articles outside of an infested area:

  • ash nursery stock,
  • ash trees,
  • ash logs and ash branches,
  • rough ash lumber,
  • wood packaging materials with an ash component
  • ash bark,
  • ash wood chips or bark chips, and
  • firewood from all tree species that has not been treated to eliminate EAB.

Movement restrictions for EAB also apply to vehicles if they are used to transport regulated articles.

Don't move firewood

Transporting firewood is a common way for invasive pests like EAB to spread. Hidden under the bark where you can't see them, these pests are moved across Canada.

EAB, for example, has killed millions of ash trees in the United States and Canada since it was first introduced from Asia. On its own, though, it doesn't move very far. Help slow its spread to new areas: don't move infested materials like firewood.

Help control the spread of invasive pests

  • BUY and burn local firewood only.
  • LEARN where your firewood comes from.
  • FIND out if you are living in or travelling to an area regulated for an invasive pest.
  • LEAVE natural items in their natural habitats.

Additional information on EAB and related ministerial orders in Canada are available on the CFIA website at www.inspection.gc.ca.

Contact Information

  • Canadian Food Inspection Agency
    Media Relations
    613-773-6600