Canadian Food Inspection Agency

Canadian Food Inspection Agency

April 18, 2012 13:16 ET

CFIA Expands Areas Regulated for the Emerald Ash Borer

OTTAWA, ONTARIO--(Marketwire - April 18, 2012) - The Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) has expanded the ministerial order for the emerald ash borer to include new areas of Ontario and Quebec.

As a result of new detections of the beetle in 2011, in addition to the areas already regulated for EAB, the ministerial order expands one existing regulated area and creates two new areas.

New areas regulated for the emerald ash borer include:

  • Manitoulin district in Ontario, and

  • Montréal, Baie-d'Urfé, Beaconsfield, Côte-Saint-Luc, Dollard-Des Ormeaux, Dorval, Hampstead, Kirkland, L'Île-Dorval, Montréal-Est, Montréal-Ouest, Mont-Royal, Pointe-Claire, Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue, Senneville and Westmount in Quebec.

The existing regulated area-which had included the city of Ottawa, the united counties of Leeds and Grenville in Ontario and part of the city of Gatineau in Quebec-now also includes:

  • the united counties of Prescott and Russell in Ontario, and

  • the remaining parts of the city of Gatineau in Quebec.

All other areas already regulated for EAB remain unchanged under the ministerial order.

Under the Emerald Ash Borer Infested Places Order, in those regulated areas of Ontario and Quebec, the movement of all ash tree materials and all firewood will be regulated. Those who move these materials from a regulated area without prior permission from the CFIA could face fines and/or prosecution.

Although the emerald ash borer does not pose a risk to human health, it is a highly destructive beetle that has already killed millions of ash trees in Ontario and the north eastern United States. It poses a major economic threat to urban and forested areas of North America.

The CFIA continues to work with its partners and stakeholders towards slowing the spread of the emerald ash borer.

A list of all the areas regulated for the beetle, including maps, can be found at www.inspection.gc.ca/pests.

Backgrounder

The emerald ash borer (EAB) was first discovered in Windsor, Ontario and Detroit, Michigan in 2002. It is believed that this beetle was introduced to North America from eastern Asia in wood packaging material in the early 1990s. It went undetected until its population built up to damaging levels.

Scientists in Canada and the United States have concluded that EAB cannot be eradicated. In light of this, the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) adopted a "slow-the-spread" approach. As part of this approach, the CFIA continues its surveillance of EAB and provides communication, enforcement and regulation across Canada.

To help limit the spread of EAB, a ministerial order has been enacted to regulate areas infested by the pest. This will help to restrict the movement of ash tree articles and firewood. This is needed because moving these items contributes to the beetle spreading.

The regulated areas for EAB in 2012 are as follows.

Ontario

  • the cities of Hamilton and Toronto, the regional municipalities of Chatham-Kent, Durham, York, Peel, Halton, Niagara and Waterloo, the counties of Brant (including the city of Brantford), Elgin, Essex, Haldimand, Huron, Lambton, Middlesex, Norfolk, Oxford, Perth and Wellington

  • Manitoulin district

  • the city of Sault Ste. Marie.

Ontario-Quebec

  • the city of Ottawa, the united counties of Leeds and Grenville and Prescott and Russell, in Ontario and the city of Gatineau, Quebec.

Quebec

  • the municipalities of Carignan, Chambly, Richelieu, Saint-Basile-le-Grand and Saint-Mathias-sur-Richelieu

  • the cities of Montréal, Baie-d'Urfé, Beaconsfield, Côte-Saint-Luc, Dollard-Des Ormeaux, Dorval, Hampstead, Kirkland, L'Île-Dorval, Montréal-Est, Montréal-Ouest, Mont-Royal, Pointe-Claire, Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue, Senneville and Westmount.

Specifically, a ministerial order prohibits people from moving the following articles outside of a regulated area:

  • ash nursery stock;

  • ash trees;

  • ash logs and ash branches;

  • rough ash lumber;

  • wood packaging materials with an ash component;

  • ash bark;

  • ash wood chips or bark chips; and

  • firewood from all tree species that has not been treated to eliminate EAB.

Movement restrictions for EAB also apply to vehicles if they are used to transport the regulated articles mentioned above.

Don't move firewood

Transporting firewood is a common way for invasive pests like EAB to spread. Hidden under the bark where you can't see them, these pests are moved across Canada.

EAB, for example, has killed millions of ash trees in the United States and Canada since it was first introduced from Asia. On its own, though, it doesn't move very far. Help slow its spread to new areas: don't move infested materials like firewood.

Help control the spread of invasive pests:

  • BUY and burn local firewood only.

  • LEARN where your firewood comes from.

  • FIND out if you are living in or travelling to an area regulated for an invasive pest.

  • LEAVE natural items in their natural habitats.

Additional information on EAB and related ministerial orders in Canada are available on the CFIA website at www.inspection.gc.ca/pests.

Contact Information

  • Canadian Food Inspection Agency
    Media Relations
    613-773-6600