Canadian Food Inspection Agency

Canadian Food Inspection Agency

July 27, 2011 10:30 ET

Emerald Ash Borer Confirmed in the City of Montreal

OTTAWA, ONTARIO--(Marketwire - July 27, 2011) - The Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) has confirmed the presence of the emerald ash borer in the city of Montreal at the corner of Notre-Dame East Street and Haig Avenue.

To prevent the spread of the emerald ash borer, movement restrictions on ash materials, such as logs, branches, nursery stock and wood chips, as well as firewood of all species will be implemented in the affected area. Further regulatory measures will be considered once survey work is completed.

Although the emerald ash borer does not pose a risk to human health, it is a highly destructive beetle. It has already killed a large number of ash trees in Ontario and the northeastern United States, and it poses a major threat to urban and forested areas of North America. There have been numerous finds in Ontario and Quebec.

The key challenge in limiting the spread of this beetle is for people to not move potentially infested wood and firewood to non-infested areas in order to protect Canada's forests.

The CFIA continues to work with federal, provincial and municipal governments towards slowing the spread of the emerald ash borer.

Additional information is available on the CFIA website at or by calling 1-866-463-6017.


The emerald ash borer was first discovered in Windsor, Ontario and Detroit, Michigan in 2002. It is believed that this beetle was introduced to North America from eastern Asia in wood packaging material in the early 1990s. It went undetected until its population built up to damaging levels.

Scientists in Canada and the United States have concluded that the emerald ash borer cannot be eradicated. In light of this, the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) adopted a "slow-the-spread" management strategy. As part of that, the CFIA continues to do the following activities across Canada: surveillance, regulation, enforcement and communications.

To help limit the spread of the emerald ash borer, a ministerial order has been enacted to regulate areas infested by the pest. The order restricts the movement of ash tree articles and firewood, which is important because moving these items contributes to the beetle spreading.

The regulated areas for the emerald ash borer under ministerial order in 2011 are as follows.


  • the cities of Hamilton and Toronto, the regional municipalities of Chatham-Kent, Durham, York, Peel, Halton, Niagara and Waterloo, the counties of Brant (including the city of Brantford), Elgin, Essex, Haldimand, Huron, Lambton, Middlesex, Norfolk, Oxford, Perth and Wellington

  • the city of Sault Ste. Marie


  • the city of Ottawa, the United Counties of Leeds and Grenville in Ontario and the city of Gatineau, Quebec


  • the municipalities of Carignan, Chambly, Richelieu, Saint-Basile-le-Grand and Saint-Mathias-sur-Richelieu

Specifically, ministerial orders prohibit people from moving the following articles outside of an infested area:

  • ash nursery stock,

  • ash trees,

  • ash logs and ash branches,

  • rough ash lumber,

  • wood packaging materials with an ash component as a stand-alone commodity,

  • ash bark,

  • ash wood chips or bark chips, and

  • firewood from all tree species that has not been treated to eliminate the emerald ash borer.

Movement restrictions for the emerald ash borer also apply to vehicles if they are used to transport regulated articles.

Don't move firewood

Transporting firewood is a common way for invasive pests like the emerald ash borer to spread. Hidden under the bark where you can't see them, these pests are moved across Canada.

The emerald ash borer, for example, has killed millions of ash trees in the United States and Canada since it was first introduced from Asia. On its own, though, it doesn't move very far. Help slow its spread to new areas: don't move infested materials like firewood.

Help control the spread of invasive pests

  • BUY and burn local firewood only.

  • LEARN where your firewood comes from.

  • FIND out if you are living in or travelling to an area regulated for an invasive pests.

  • LEAVE natural items in their natural habitats.

Additional information on the emerald ash borer and related ministerial orders in Canada are available on the CFIA website at

Contact Information

  • Canadian Food Inspection Agency
    Media Relations