SOURCE: Genie Energy

Genie Energy

March 11, 2015 07:30 ET

Genie Energy Ltd. Reports Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2014 Results

NEWARK, NJ--(Marketwired - March 11, 2015) - Genie Energy Ltd. (NYSE: GNE) (NYSE: GNEPRA) reported fourth quarter 2014 revenue of $49.7 million, negative Adjusted EBITDA* of $5.0 million, and a net loss attributable to common stockholders of $10.8 million ($(0.50) per basic and diluted share). For the full year, Genie Energy reported consolidated revenue of $275.0 million, negative Adjusted EBITDA of $11.4 million, and a net loss attributable to common stockholders of $27.9 million ($(1.31) per basic and diluted share).

  • Genie Energy's Afek subsidiary spudded its first well in Northern Israel's Golan Heights on February 17th. Afek expects to drill several additional exploratory wells at selected sites within its license area this year.
  • Genie Retail Energy, Genie Energy's retail energy provider business, generated Adjusted EBITDA* of $1.4 million dollars in 4Q14 while modestly increasing its meter base. Genie Retail Energy's full year Adjusted EBITDA, including the impact to date of last winter's "Polar Vortex" and subsequent goodwill rebates to customers totaling over $5 million, as well as investments in new marketing channels, totaled $7.5 million.
  • The Board of Directors of Genie Energy has declared a quarterly dividend of $0.06 per share to holders of its Class A and Class B common stock for the fourth quarter of 2014. The dividend will be paid on or about March 31, 2015 to stockholders of record as of the close of business on March 23rd. The ex-dividend date will be March 19th. The distribution will be treated as a return of capital for tax purposes. Genie Energy also pays a quarterly dividend of $0.1594 per share of its Series 2012-A Preferred Stock.

MANAGEMENT COMMENTS
Howard Jonas, Genie Energy's Chairman and CEO, said, "We have spudded our first exploratory well in Northern Israel. Based on previously available data and our analysis of the above ground geo-physical tests, we believe that there could be a very significant resource in our license area. If our working premises prove to be correct, it could be a game changer for both Genie Energy and Israel."

Geoff Rochwarger, Genie Energy's Vice Chairman, said, "Genie Retail Energy's sales and gross margins on electricity performed to expectations in the fourth quarter of 2014, although the natural gas market was more challenging. We have stabilized our meter base, and expect to deliver net meter growth over the course of 2015."

GENIE ENERGY 4th QUARTER AND FULL YEAR 2014 CONSOLIDATED RESULTS

$ in millions, except EPS 4Q14  3Q14  4Q13  4Q14-4Q13
Change (%/$)
 2014  2013
Revenue $49.7  $46.2  $67.1  (25.9)%  $275.0  $279.2
Gross profit $12.8  $17.8  $16.8  (24.2)%  $51.9  $65.8
Gross margin percentage 25.7%  38.6%  25.1%  +60 BP  18.9%  23.6%
  SG&A expense (including stock-based compensation) $15.1  $18.6  $12.2  +23.8%  $61.4  $49.7
  Stock-based compensation $2.3  $4.9  $1.0  +121.0%  $10.8  $4.2
Research and development expense $5.0  $3.0  $3.7  +36.7%  $12.5  $11.4
Goodwill impairment $3.6  $0.0  $0.0  +$3.6  $3.6  $0.0
Equity in the net loss of AMSO, LLC $0.0  $0.0  $(0.6)  $0.6  $0.0  $(3.2)
  Adjusted EBITDA* $(5.0)  $0.9  $0.7  $(5.7)  $(11.4)  $4.9
  (Loss) income from operations $(10.7)  $(4.1)  $(0.4)  $(10.3)  $(25.6)  $0.6
 Net loss attributable to Genie Energy common stockholders $(10.8)  $(4.8)  $(0.8)  $(10.0)  $(27.9)  $(7.1)
 Diluted loss per share attributable to Genie Energy's common stockholders $(0.50)  $(0.22)  $(0.04)  $(0.46)  $(1.31)  $(0.36)
Net cash (used in) provided by operating activities $(11.0)  $(1.0)  $1.9  $(12.9)  $(19.1)  $1.2

* Adjusted EBITDA for all periods is a non-GAAP measure intended to provide useful information that supplements the core operating results in accordance with GAAP of Genie Energy or the relevant segment. Please refer to the Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Financial Measure at the end of this release for a complete explanation of Adjusted EBITDA and reconciliation to the most directly comparable GAAP measure.

BALANCE SHEET AND CASH FLOW HIGHLIGHTS
As of December 31, 2014, Genie Energy had $152.9 million in total assets, including $88.2 million in cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash (short and long term), and certificates of deposit. Liabilities totaled $33.6 million, and working capital (current assets less current liabilities) totaled $110.3 million.

Net cash used in operating activities in 4Q14 was $11.0 million compared to net cash used in operating activities of $1.0 million in 3Q14 and net cash provided by operating activities of $1.9 million in 4Q13. For 2014, net cash used in operations was $19.1 million compared to net cash provided by operating activities of $1.2 million in 2013.

During 2014, Genie Energy paid stockholders an aggregate of $2.8 million in dividends comprised of $1.3 million to holders of its Series 2012-A Preferred Stock and $1.5 million to holders of its Class A and Class B common stock.

RESULTS BY SEGMENT
Genie Retail Energy

$ in millions 4Q14  3Q14  4Q13  4Q14-4Q13
Change (%/$)
 2014  2013
Total revenue $49.7  $46.2  $67.1  (25.9)%  $275.0  $279.2
 Electricity revenue $36.7  $42.5  $50.1  (26.7)%  $214.5  $216.7
 Natural gas revenue $12.0  $2.8  $17.0  (29.2)%  $57.9  $62.5
 Other revenue $0.9  $0.9  $0.0  +$0.9  $2.7  $0
Gross profit $12.8  $17.8  $16.8  (24.2)%  $51.9  $65.8
Gross margin percentage 25.7%  38.6%  25.1%  +60 BP  18.9%  23.6%
SG&A expense $11.5  $11.9  $9.3  +23.8%  $44.8  $39.3
Goodwill impairment $3.6  $0.0  $0.0  +$3.6  $3.6  $0.0
Adjusted EBITDA $1.4  $5.8  $7.0  $(5.6)  $7.5  $26.7
(Loss) income from operations $(2.1)  $5.6  $6.7  $(8.8)  $3.5  $25.7

In 4Q14, Genie Retail Energy added 55 thousand gross meters compared to 56 thousand in 3Q14 and 45 thousand in 4Q13. The sequential decrease is seasonal and reflective of the weather impact that typically reduces the rate of meter acquisitions generated by door-to-door programs in the first and fourth quarters. The year over year increase in part reflects the impact of meters acquired in Illinois, and of meters acquired through our Epiq Energy network marketing channel.

Genie Retail Energy's average monthly customer churn decreased compared to the sequential and year-over- year quarters, falling to 5.9% from the 6.2% level in both 3Q14 and 4Q13. For the full year 2014, the average monthly customer churn rate was 6.8%, an increase from 2013's 6.3%. The increase for the full year comparison reflects the unusually high rates of churn recorded in the first and second quarters of 2014 following last winter's "Polar Vortex," which returned to normalized levels in the latter part of 2014.

Meters at end of Quarter
 (in thousands)
 December 31,
2014
 September 30,
2014
 June 30,
2014
March 31, 2014  December 31, 2013
Electricity meters  234  235  238 256  282
Natural gas meters  129  127  126 135  145
  Total  363  362  364 391  427
               

The reduction in churn and increased customer acquisitions resulted in a slight net sequential increase in Genie Retail Energy's meters served to 363 thousand at December 31, 2014 compared to 362 thousand at September 30, 2014. For the full year, meters served decreased from 427 thousand primarily reflecting the accelerated rates of churn generated in the first and second quarters of 2014.

RCEs at end of Quarter
(in thousands)
 December 31,
2014
 September 30,
2014
 June 30,
2014
March 31, 2014  December 31, 2013
Electricity RCEs  160  165  174 198  228
Natural gas RCEs  83  83  86 90  87
  Total  243  248  260 288  315

Genie Retail Energy's residential customer equivalents (RCEs) decreased to 243 thousand at December 31, 2014 from 248 thousand at September 30, 2014, reflecting the impact of newly acquired meters primarily in Illinois with relatively lower consumption and the churn of relatively higher consumption meters. RCE's at December 31, 2013 were 315 thousand. The decrease for the full-year period reflects the decline in meters served over the past year, and the disproportionate loss of meters with higher than average consumption in Pennsylvania related to the "Polar Vortex."

Genie Retail Energy's revenue decreased 25.9% to $49.7 million in 4Q14 from $67.1 million in the year ago quarter reflecting decreases in meters served and consumption per meter. For 2014, revenue decreased slightly to $275.0 million compared to $279.2 million in 2013 as the declines in meters served was offset by higher per unit rates.

Quarterly electricity revenue decreased 26.7% year over year to $36.7 million in 4Q14 from $50.1 million in 4Q13. The decline in revenue reflected a 34.4% reduction in kWh sold, partially offset by an increase in revenue per kWH sold. The decrease in kWh sold resulted from reductions in both meters served and average consumption per meter. For the full year 2014, electricity revenue was $214.5 million compared to $216.7 million in 2013. 

Average revenue per kWh sold increased 11.9% year over year while the average cost per kWh decreased 5.4%. As a result, gross margin percentage on electricity sales increased to 36.1% compared to 24.5% in the year ago quarter. Gross profit on electricity sales increased to $13.3 million from $12.3 million in the year ago quarter. For the full year, gross margin on electricity sales increased to 22.8% from 22.1%, and gross profit on electricity sales increased 2.4% to $49.0 million from $47.8 million in 2013.

Natural gas revenue decreased 29.2% to $12.0 million in 4Q14 from $17.0 million in the year ago quarter. The decrease in revenue reflected a 21.1% decrease in therms sold and a decrease in revenue per therm. The decrease in therms sold resulted primarily from the reduction in gas meters served year over year, as well as a decrease in consumption per meter. For the full year 2014, revenues on gas sales totaled $57.9 million compared to $62.5 million in 2013.

In 4Q14, Genie Retail Energy's average revenue per therm sold decreased 10.3% compared to 4Q13 while its average cost per therm sold increased 23.9%. 

The decrease in average revenue per therm primarily reflects the decision by Genie Energy Retail to maintain competitive retail prices for natural gas compared to certain large utilities in its service area which set their retail gas rates temporarily below Genie Retail Energy's total cost for natural gas delivered to the distribution point.

The reduced revenue combined with the sharp increase in costs, primarily associated with transport capacity in certain key utility regions, contributed to a decrease in the margin on gas sales to negative 1.3% in 4Q14 compared to 26.7% in the year ago quarter. Gross profit on gas sales was negative $0.2 million compared to gross profit of $4.5 million in the year ago quarter. 

For the full year, gross margin on natural gas sales declined to 5.0% from 28.7%, and gross profit on natural gas sales decreased to $2.9 million from $18.0 million in 2013.

The difficult competitive environment for natural gas has persisted into 1Q15. Genie Retail Energy expects to achieve a return to positive margins on natural gas sales for the first quarter but likely at rates significantly below the levels attained in recent years. 

Genie Retail Energy's SG&A expense in 4Q14 increased 23.8% year over year to $11.5 million from $9.3 million in 4Q13. The increase was driven by increased customer acquisition expenses and personnel costs associated with Diversegy and Epiq, which were acquired in 4Q13, and whose costs are not reflected in 2013 results. These were partially offset by a decrease in billing fees paid to various utilities for collection and remittance services as a result of attrition in Genie's retail customer base.

Genie Retail Energy generated Adjusted EBITDA of $1.4 million in 4Q14 compared to $7.0 million in the year ago quarter primarily reflecting the reduction in natural gas gross profit and increased SG&A expense. For the full year 2014, Adjusted EBITDA totaled $7.5 million compared to $26.7 million in 2013. The annual decline was driven primarily by the impact of the "Polar Vortex" early in 2014, competitive pressures in the retail natural gas market as well as the continued investment in platforms to drive future growth such as Diversegy and Epiq.

Genie Retail Energy generated a loss from operations in 4Q14 of $2.1 million compared to income from operations of $6.7 million in 4Q13. The year over year decrease includes a non-cash goodwill impairment of $3.6 million in 4Q14, which reduced the carrying amount of the goodwill from Diversegy and Epiq to zero. For the full year 2014, Genie Retail Energy's income from operations was $3.5 million compared to $25.7 million in 2013.

Genie Oil and Gas (GOGAS)
GOGAS currently generates no revenue. GOGAS' operating expenses consist primarily of research and development, resource evaluation and other business development efforts.

GOGAS reported $279 thousand in SG&A expense in 4Q14, compared to $206 thousand in 4Q13. GOGAS SG&A expense decreased to $1.3 million for the full year 2014 from $1.4 million in 2013.

R&D expense was $5.0 million in 4Q14, compared to $3.7 million in 4Q13, reflecting an increase in costs incurred at Afek, primarily for permitting and exploratory drilling preparations. Full year 2014 R&D expense was $12.5 million compared to $11.4 million in 2013.

Throughout 2014, Genie Energy elected not to fund its portion of capital calls for AMSO, LLC, and AMSO LLC's joint venture partner funded those calls under existing agreements. In 4Q13, equity in the net loss of AMSO LLC was $0.6 million, and the full year 2013 equity in the net loss of AMSO LLC totaled $3.2 million.

GOGAS' loss from operations in 4Q14 was $5.3 million compared to $4.4 million in 4Q13. For the full year 2014, loss from operations was $13.8 million compared to $16.0 million in 2013.

Afek -- Oil and Gas Exploratory Project in Northern Israel
Afek is operating under a 36-month (extendable to seven years) petroleum exploration license covering 396.5 square kilometers in Northern Israel that was awarded in 2013. In July 2014, Israel's Northern District Planning and Building Committee issued Afek a permit to conduct a 10-well oil and gas exploration drilling program. 

In October 2014, the High Court of Justice in Israel issued an interim order to halt Afek's drilling program pending a ruling on a petition filed by the Israel Union for Environmental Defense and some local residents challenging the issuance of the drilling permit. In December, the High Court lifted its injunction, finding that the permitted exploratory wells posed no discernable risks to public health or safety.

On February 17, 2015, Afek initiated drilling on its first exploratory well. Afek expects to drill several additional exploratory wells in 2015 pursuant to its 10 well exploratory program.

Other GOGAS Projects
GOGAS continues to maintain oil shale development operations at Israel Energy Initiatives, Genie Mongolia and American Shale Oil but is reducing the near term investment in order to focus on Afek, where there is a potentially shorter-term path to commercial operations. Genie will provide updates on these projects when events warrant.

Corporate
Genie Energy's corporate G&A expense totaled $3.3 million in 4Q14, including $2.0 million in stock-based compensation related primarily to stock-based compensation arrangements with Howard Jonas. In 4Q13, corporate G&A expense totaled $2.7 million, including $626 thousand in stock-based compensation.

For all of 2014, corporate SG&A expense was $15.4 million compared to $9.1 million in 2013 reflecting $9.7 million in non-cash compensation in 2014 compared to $2.6 million in 2013.

GENIE ENERGY EARNINGS CONFERENCE CALL
This release is available for download in the "Investors" section of the Genie Energy website (www.genie.com/investors/investor-relations) and has been filed in a current report (Form 8-K) with the S.E.C. 

At 8:30 AM Eastern today, Genie Energy's management will host a conference call to discuss financial and operational results, business outlook and strategy. The call will begin with management's remarks followed by Q&A with analysts and investors. 

To listen to the call and/or to participate in the Q&A, dial toll-free 1-888-348-6472 or 1-412-902-4240 (international) and request the Genie Energy call.

An audio file of the call in MP3 format replay will be available on the "Investors" section of the Genie Energy website approximately one hour after the call concludes. In addition, a teleconference replay will be available through March 18, 2015 at 1-877-870-5176 (US toll free) or 1-858-384-5517 (international). Callers should ask for conference call # 10059820.

Investors can sign up through the Genie website http://genie.com/investors/email-alerts/ to have earnings releases and other press releases emailed directly to them. 

ABOUT GENIE ENERGY LTD.
Genie Energy Ltd. (NYSE: GNE) (NYSE: GNEPRA) is comprised of Genie Retail Energy (GRE) and Genie Oil and Gas (GOGAS). GRE operates retail energy providers and brokerage and marketing services. GRE's retail energy providers market electricity and natural gas to residential and small business customers primarily in the Eastern United States. GOGAS is an oil and gas exploration company with exploration and demonstration projects located in Israel, Mongolia and Colorado. For more information, visit www.genie.com.

In this press release, all statements that are not purely about historical facts, including, but not limited to, those in which we use the words "believe," "anticipate," "expect," "plan," "intend," "estimate, "target" and similar expressions, are forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. While these forward-looking statements represent our current judgment of what may happen in the future, actual results may differ materially from the results expressed or implied by these statements due to numerous important factors, including, but not limited to, those described in our most recent report on SEC Form 10-K (under the headings "Risk Factors" and "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations"), which may be revised or supplemented in subsequent reports on SEC Forms 10-Q and 8-K. We are under no obligation, and expressly disclaim any obligation, to update the forward-looking statements in this press release, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.

GENIE ENERGY LTD. 
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS 
          
December 31
(in thousands)
 2014   2013  
ASSETS           
CURRENT ASSETS:           
Cash and cash equivalents  $71,895   $73,885  
Restricted cash-short-term   10,609    14,429  
Certificates of deposit   4,669    4,343  
Trade accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $227 at December 31, 2014 and $930 at December 31, 2013   31,427    42,926  
Inventory   11,166    3,822  
Prepaid expenses   5,713    2,930  
Deferred income tax assets, net   1,463    840  
Other current assets   5,430    2,917  
TOTAL CURRENT ASSETS   142,372    146,092  
Property and equipment, net   1,902    561  
Goodwill   3,663    7,349  
Restricted cash-long-term   1,023    1,127  
Other assets   3,968    3,714  
TOTAL ASSETS  $152,928   $158,843  
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY           
CURRENT LIABILITIES:           
Trade accounts payable  $14,881   $25,302  
Accrued expenses   10,913    9,856  
Advances from customers   403    1,103  
Income taxes payable   543    2,075  
Due to IDT Corporation   542    541  
Energy hedging contracts payable   4,003    385  
Other current liabilities   797    1,072  
TOTAL CURRENT LIABILITIES   32,082    40,334  
Other liabilities   1,503    2,169  
TOTAL LIABILITIES   33,585    42,503  
Commitments and contingencies           
EQUITY:           
Genie Energy Ltd. stockholders' equity:           
Preferred stock, $.01 par value; authorized shares-10,000:           
Series 2012-A, designated shares-8,750; at liquidation preference, consisting of 2,322 and 1,917 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively   19,743    16,303  
Class A common stock, $.01 par value; authorized shares-35,000; 1,574 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2014 and 2013   16    16  
Class B common stock, $.01 par value; authorized shares-200,000; 23,178 and 19,755 shares issued and 22,984 and 19,696 shares outstanding at December 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively   232    198  
Additional paid-in capital   114,322    82,791  
Treasury stock, at cost, consisting of 194 and 59 shares of Class B common at December 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively   (1,543 )  (473 )
Accumulated other comprehensive income   10    745  
(Accumulated deficit) retained earnings   (7,759 )  21,552  
Total Genie Energy Ltd. stockholders' equity   125,021    121,132  
Noncontrolling interests:           
Noncontrolling interests   (4,678 )  (3,792 )
Receivable for issuance of equity   (1,000 )  (1,000 )
Total noncontrolling interests   (5,678 )  (4,792 )
TOTAL EQUITY   119,343    116,340  
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND EQUITY  $152,928   $158,843  
         
         
         
GENIE ENERGY LTD. 
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS 
      
   Year ended December 31,  
(in thousands, except per share data)  2014   2013   2012  
REVENUES:                
Electricity  $214,511   $216,668   $174,293  
Natural gas   57,868    62,506    55,166  
Other   2,652    -    -  
Total revenues   275,031    279,174    229,459  
Direct cost of revenues   223,094    213,416    159,872  
GROSS PROFIT   51,937    65,758    69,587  
OPERATING EXPENSES, (GAINS) AND LOSSES:                
Selling, general and administrative (i)   61,372    49,749    54,000  
Bad debt   310    800    -  
Research and development   12,509    11,389    9,365  
Goodwill impairment   3,562    -    -  
Adjustment to estimated contingent payments   (206 )  -    -  
Equity in the net loss of AMSO, LLC   -    3,194    3,175  
(Loss) income from operations   (25,610 )  626    3,047  
Interest income   469    449    404  
Financing fees   (2,560 )  (3,217 )  (2,913 )
Other income (expense), net   389    (444 )  (143 )
(Loss) income before income taxes   (27,312 )  (2,586 )  395  
Provision for income taxes   (95 )  (2,755 )  (2,930 )
NET LOSS   (27,407 )  (5,341 )  (2,535 )
Net loss (income) attributable to noncontrolling interests   921    (562 )  (746 )
NET LOSS ATTRIBUTABLE TO GENIE ENERGY LTD   (26,486 )  (5,903 )  (3,281 )
Dividends on preferred stock   (1,416 )  (1,223 )  (211 )
NET LOSS ATTRIBUTABLE TO GENIE ENERGY LTD. COMMON STOCKHOLDERS  $(27,902 ) $(7,126 ) $(3,492 )
                 
Basic and diluted loss per share attributable to Genie Energy Ltd. common stockholders:  $(1.31 ) $(0.36 ) $(0.17 )
                 
Weighted-average number of shares used in calculation of basic and diluted loss per share   21,256    19,668    20,687  
                 
(i) Stock-based compensation included in selling, general and administrative expenses  $10,758   $4,180   $3,429  
             
             
             
GENIE ENERGY LTD. 
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS 
      
   Year ended December 31,  
(in thousands)  2014   2013   2012  
OPERATING ACTIVITIES                
Net loss  $(27,407 ) $(5,341 ) $(2,535 )
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash (used in) provided by operating activities:                
Depreciation   132    110    124  
Goodwill impairment   3,562    -    -  
Gain on adjustment to estimated contingent payments   (206 )  -    -  
Deferred income taxes   (622 )  (241 )  4,508  
Provision for doubtful accounts receivable   310    800    -  
Stock-based compensation   10,758    4,180    3,429  
Loss on disposal of property   -    37    -  
Equity in the net loss of AMSO, LLC   -    3,194    3,175  
Change in assets and liabilities, net of effect of acquisitions:                
Restricted cash   3,923    (4,713 )  (233 )
Trade accounts receivable   11,189    (2,679 )  (14,711 )
Inventory   (7,822 )  (700 )  1,423  
Prepaid expenses   (2,306 )  (93 )  638  
Other current assets and other assets   (2,664 )  (243 )  (783 )
Trade accounts payable, accrued expenses and other current liabilities   (5,718 )  6,883    6,275  
Advances from customers   (700 )  (746 )  (781 )
Due to IDT Corporation   1    (59 )  (157 )
Income taxes payable   (1,532 )  831    (1,380 )
Net cash (used in) provided by operating activities   (19,102 )  1,220    (1,008 )
INVESTING ACTIVITIES                
Capital expenditures   (1,437 )  (313 )  (91 )
Capital contributions to AMSO, LLC   -    (2,700 )  (4,102 )
Payment for acquisitions, net of cash acquired   (1,138 )  (772 )  -  
Issuance of notes receivable   (82 )  (750 )  (650 )
Purchase of licenses and security deposits   -    -    (175 )
Purchases of certificates of deposit   (4,655 )  (4,329 )  (2,205 )
Proceeds from maturities of certificates of deposit   4,334    2,205    -  
Purchases of marketable securities   -    (3 )  (11,484 )
Proceeds from maturities of marketable securities   -    10,433    966  
Net cash (used in) provided by investing activities   (2,978 )  3,771    (17,741 )
FINANCING ACTIVITIES                
Dividends paid   (2,825 )  (1,131 )  (4,205 )
Proceeds from sales of Class B common stock to Howard S. Jonas   24,552    -    -  
Distributions to noncontrolling interests   -    (42 )  -  
Proceeds from sales of equity of subsidiaries   -    422    -  
Proceeds from exercise of stock options   28    93    5  
Increase in restricted cash   -    -    (10,017 )
Repurchases of common stock and Class B common stock   (1,070 )  (269 )  (204 )
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities   20,685    (927 )  (14,421 )
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents   (595 )  412    359  
Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents   (1,990 )  4,476    (32,811 )
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period   73,885    69,409    102,220  
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period  $71,895   $73,885   $69,409  
SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURE OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION                
Cash payments made for interest  $3   $12   $-  
Cash payments made for income taxes  $2,647   $2,069   $387  
SUPPLEMENTAL SCHEDULE OF NON-CASH FINANCING AND INVESTING ACTIVITIES                
Liabilities incurred for acquisitions  $-   $2,475   $-  

Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Financial Measure for the Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2014

In addition to disclosing financial results that are determined in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America (GAAP), Genie Energy also disclosed for the full year and fourth quarter of 2014, as well as for comparable periods, Adjusted EBITDA, which is a non-GAAP measure. Generally, a non-GAAP financial measure is a numerical measure of a company's performance, financial position, or cash flows that either excludes or includes amounts that are not normally excluded or included in the most directly comparable measure calculated and presented in accordance with GAAP. 

Genie Energy's measure of Adjusted EBITDA consists of gross profit less selling, general and administrative expense, research and development expense, and equity in net loss of AMSO, LLC, plus depreciation and stock-based compensation (which are included in selling, general and administrative expense). Another way of calculating Adjusted EBITDA is to start with income (loss) from operations and add depreciation, stock-based compensation and goodwill impairment, and subtract gain on adjustment to estimated contingent payments.

Management believes that Genie Energy's Adjusted EBITDA provides useful information to both management and investors by excluding certain expenses that may not be indicative of Genie Energy's or the relevant segment's core operating results. Management uses Adjusted EBITDA, among other measures, as a relevant indicator of core operational strengths in its financial and operational decision making. In addition, management uses Adjusted EBITDA to evaluate operating performance in relation to Genie Energy's competitors. Disclosure of this financial measure may be useful to investors in evaluating performance and allows for greater transparency to the underlying supplemental information used by management in its financial and operational decision-making. In addition, Genie Energy has historically reported Adjusted EBITDA and believes it is commonly used by readers of financial information in assessing performance, therefore the inclusion of comparative numbers provides consistency in financial reporting at this time.

Management refers to Adjusted EBITDA, as well as the GAAP measures gross profit, income (loss) from operations and net income (loss), on a segment and/or consolidated level to facilitate internal and external comparisons to the segments' and Genie Energy's historical operating results, in making operating decisions, for budget and planning purposes, and to form the basis upon which management is compensated.

While depreciation is considered an operating cost under GAAP, it primarily represents the non-cash current period allocation of costs associated with long-lived assets acquired or constructed in prior periods. While Genie Energy's business may be capital intensive in the future, Genie Energy does not expect to incur significant capital expenditures for the foreseeable future. Genie Energy's operating results exclusive of depreciation is therefore a useful indicator of its current performance.

Stock-based compensation recognized by Genie Energy and other companies may not be comparable because of the various valuation methodologies, subjective assumptions and the variety of types of awards that are permitted under GAAP. Stock-based compensation is excluded from Genie Energy's calculation of Adjusted EBITDA because management believes this allows investors to make more meaningful comparisons of the operating results of Genie Energy's core business with the results of other companies. However, stock-based compensation will continue to be a significant expense for Genie Energy for the foreseeable future and an important part of employees' compensation that impacts their performance.

Goodwill impairment is also excluded from the calculation of Adjusted EBITDA. Goodwill impairment is primarily dictated by events and circumstances outside the control of management, such as the annual impairment test prescribed by GAAP, which triggers an impairment analysis. While there may be similar impairment charges in future periods, the nature and magnitude of these charges can fluctuate markedly and do not reflect the performance of Genie Energy's core and continuing operations.

Finally, the gain on adjustment to estimated contingent payments, which is a component of loss from operations, is excluded from the calculation of Adjusted EBITDA. Although Genie Energy may purchase businesses, or have additional adjustments in the future, such purchases or adjustments to the purchase price do not occur each quarter nor are they part of Genie Energy's or the relevant segment's core operating results.

Adjusted EBITDA should be considered in addition to, not as a substitute for, or superior to, gross profit, income (loss) from operations, cash flow from operating activities, net income (loss), basic and diluted earnings (loss) per share or other measures of liquidity and financial performance prepared in accordance with GAAP. In addition, Genie Energy's measurements of Adjusted EBITDA may not be comparable to similarly titled measures reported by other companies.

Following is the reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to the most directly comparable GAAP measure, which is income (loss) from operations for Genie Energy's reportable segments and net income (loss) for Genie Energy on a consolidated basis.

Genie Energy Ltd. 
Reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to Net Loss 
(unaudited) 
 $ in thousands 
  
  Total   Genie Retail Energy   GOGAS   Corporate  
Three Months Ended December 31, 2014 (4Q14)                    
Adjusted EBITDA $(5,007 ) $1,360   $(5,126 ) $(1,241 )
Subtract (Add):                    
  Stock-based compensation  2,266    120    121    2,025  
  Depreciation  39    11    28    -  
  Goodwill impairment  3,562    3,562    -    -  
    Gain on adjustment to estimated contingent payments  (206 )  (206 )  -    -  
Loss from operations  (10,668 ) $(2,127 ) $(5,275 ) $(3,266 )
 Interest income  159                 
 Financing fees  (513 )               
 Other income, net  268                 
Benefit from income taxes  325                 
Net loss  (10,429 )               
 Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests  (8 )               
Net loss attributable to Genie Energy Ltd. $(10,437 )               
                     
   Total    Genie Retail Energy    GOGAS    Corporate  
Three Months Ended September 30, 2014 (3Q14)                    
Adjusted EBITDA $856   $5,771   $(3,235 ) $(1,680 )
Subtract:                    
  Stock-based compensation  4,929    152    32    4,745  
  Depreciation  34    7    27    -  
(Loss) income from operations  (4,107 ) $5,612   $(3,294 ) $(6,425 )
 Interest income  117                 
 Financing fees  (518 )               
 Other income, net  150                 
Provision for income taxes  (467 )               
Net loss  (4,825 )               
 Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests  430                 
 Net loss attributable to Genie Energy Ltd. $(4,395 )               
                     
   Total    Genie Retail Energy    GOGAS    Corporate  
Three Months Ended December 31, 2013 (4Q13)                    
Adjusted EBITDA $670   $6,989   $(4,284 ) $(2,035 )
Subtract:                    
 Stock-based compensation  1,026    262    138    626  
 Depreciation  30    3    26    1  
(Loss) income from operations  (386 ) $6,724   $(4,448 ) $(2,662 )
Interest income  99                 
Financing fees  (693 )               
Other expense, net  (100 )               
Provision for income taxes  (38 )               
Net loss  (1,118 )               
Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests  635                 
Net loss attributable to Genie Energy Ltd. $(483 )               
                
                
                
Genie Energy Ltd. 
Reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to Net Loss 
(unaudited) 
$ in thousands 
  
  Total   Genie Retail Energy   GOGAS   Corporate  
Year Ended December 31, 2014                    
Adjusted EBITDA $(11,364 ) $7,488   $(13,237 ) $(5,615 )
Subtract (Add):                    
  Stock-based compensation  10,758    592    429    9,737  
  Depreciation  132    24    107    1  
  Goodwill impairment  3,562    3,562    -    -  
   Gain on adjustment to estimated contingent payments  (206 )  (206 )  -    -  
(Loss) income from operations  (25,610 ) $3,516   $(13,773 ) $(15,353 )
 Interest income  469                 
 Financing fees  (2,560 )               
 Other income, net  389                 
Provision for income taxes  (95 )               
Net loss  (27,407 )               
 Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests  921                 
Net loss attributable to Genie Energy Ltd. $(26,486 )               
                     
  Total   Genie Retail Energy   GOGAS   Corporate  
Year Ended December 31, 2013                    
Adjusted EBITDA $4,916   $26,722   $(15,252 ) $(6,554 )
Subtract:                    
 Stock-based compensation  4,180    1,011    609    2,560  
 Depreciation  110    15    94    1  
Income (loss) from operations  626   $25,696   $(15,955 ) $(9,115 )
  Interest income  449                 
  Financing fees  (3,217 )               
  Other expense, net  (444 )               
Provision for income taxes  (2,755 )               
Net loss  (5,341 )               
 Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests  (562 )               
 Net loss attributable to Genie Energy Ltd. $(5,903 )               
                      

Contact Information

  • Contact:
    Genie Energy Investor Relations
    Bill Ulrey
    P: (973) 438-3848 
    E-mail: invest@genie.com