September 13, 2007 00:01 ET

IBM Research Demonstrates Innovative 'Speech to Sign Language' Translation System

IBM System Has Potential to Make Life Easier for the Deaf Community

HURSLEY, UK--(Marketwire - September 13, 2007) - IBM (NYSE: IBM) has developed an ingenious system called SiSi (Say It Sign It) that automatically converts the spoken word into British Sign Language (BSL) which is then signed by an animated digital character or avatar.

SiSi brings together a number of computer technologies. A speech recognition module converts the spoken word into text, which SiSi then interprets into gestures, that are used to animate an avatar which signs in BSL.

Upon development this system would see a signing avatar 'pop up' in the corner of the display screen in use -- whether that be a laptop, personal computer, TV, meeting-room display or auditorium screen. Users would be able select the size and appearance of the avatar.

This type of solution has the potential in the future to enable a person giving a presentation in business or education to have a digital character projected behind them signing what they are saying. This would complement the existing provision, allowing for situations where a sign language interpreter is not available in person.

"IBM is committed to developing IT solutions that are inclusive and accessible to all members of society," said Dr Andy Stanford-Clark, Master Inventor, IBM Hursley.

"This technology has the potential to make life easier for the deaf community by providing automatic signing for television broadcasts, and making radio news and talk shows available to a new audience over the Internet, or by providing automated voicemail transcription to allow them to make better use of the mobile network."

Guido Gybels, Director of New Technologies at RNID, said: "RNID welcomes any development that would make the Information Society a more equal place for deaf and hard of hearing people. British Sign Language users are amongst the most disenfranchised citizens as a result of services and products not being designed with their needs in mind. There is clearly still a long way to go before such prototypes become fully capable, off-the-shelf products, but it is encouraging to see that mainstream research is contributing to this objective of a more inclusive society."

John Glauert, Professor of Computing Sciences, UEA, said: "SiSi is an exciting application of UEA's avatar signing technology that promises to give deaf people access to sign language services in many new circumstances."

This project is an example of IBM's collaboration with non-commercial organisations on worthy social and business projects. The signing avatars and the award-winning technology for animating sign language from a special gesture notation were developed by the University of East Anglia and the database of signs was developed by RNID (Royal National Institute for Deaf People).

With an estimated 55,000 people in the UK for whom BSL is their first language, there are great opportunities for businesses, including firms in the leisure and entertainment industries, to make themselves more accessible to this audience, and also to communicate more effectively with them.

SiSi has been developed in the UK by a research team at IBM Hursley, as part of IBM's premier global student intern programme, Extreme Blue. In the European part of the programme, 80 of the most talented students from across Europe were selected to work on 20 projects and given whatever equipment, support and assistance they required. Working for an intense 12 week period alongside IBM technical and industry leaders, they focused on innovative technology projects, such as SiSi, all of which had real business value.

For a video demonstration of the SiSi technology, visit the following url:

About IBM

For more information on IBM, visit

About Extreme Blue

This is IBM's ultimate global summer internship programme, for some of the most talented students to work with IBM technical and industry leaders on innovative cutting edge technology projects, with real business value. Between 2002 and 2006 these have generated over 390 patent disclosure submissions, 70 client demonstrations, 66 open source contributions, and 38 solutions have been integrated into IBM products and services.

The SiSi Team

The following students worked on SiSi alongside IBM technical and industry leaders and in collaboration with the University of East Anglia and RNID (Royal National Institute for Deaf People):

Benjamin Cox, Masters in Engineering and Computing Science, University of Oxford.

Tom Klapiscak, Masters in Artificial Intelligence, University of Durham.

Maria Vihljajeva, Business Management with Business Economics, University of Glasgow.

Josef Waldron, Computer Science, University of Durham.

About University of East Anglia

The University of East Anglia (UEA) builds on an award-winning track record of research in animation of Sign Language for deaf people through Simon the Signer (Royal Television Society awards) and TESSA (BCS Gold Medal). The main contribution of the early work was to engineer systems using linguistic processing (teletext analysis and speech recognition respectively) to compose smoothly-blended sequences of motion captured signing data.

More recently the Virtual Humans group at the School of Computing Sciences at UEA has developed a unique and ground breaking system for synthesised animation from HamNoSys, the internationally established notation for transcribing sign, integrated with a state of the art avatar animation platform that combines precise skeletal animation with accurate facial gestures.

Current applications in education include support of automated assessment of IT skills with the ESRC and the Scottish Qualifications Authority, and development of materials to support deaf literacy commissioned for the BBC Digital Curriculum.

About RNID

RNID is the largest charity working to change the world for the UK's 9 million deaf and hard of hearing people. We do this with the help of our members by campaigning and lobbying, raising awareness of deafness and hearing loss, providing services and through social, medical and technical research.

For further information about RNID or to become a member, visit, contact RNID's Information Line on 0808 808 0123 (freephone) or 0808 808 9000 (textphone) or email

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