SOURCE: Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation

Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation

October 25, 2010 08:00 ET

Leading Economics Bloggers' Outlook Steadily Declines, but They Believe Stimulus Package Helped Fight Unemployment, According to Kauffman Foundation Survey

Final Quarterly Survey of 2010 Also Finds High Probability of Double-Dip Recession and Unexpected Solutions to Promoting Entrepreneurship

KANSAS CITY, MO--(Marketwire - October 25, 2010) -  For the fourth quarter in a row, the nation's top economics bloggers have conveyed a steadily deteriorating view of the U.S. economy in responses to a Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation survey released today. In the fourth Kauffman Economic Outlook: A Quarterly Survey of Leading Economics Bloggers ( respondents' outlook on the U.S. economy is more pessimistic than in any previous quarterly survey in 2010, with 99 percent saying that conditions are mixed, facing recession or in recession. When asked about the probability of a double-dip recession in the United States, the average response is a 41 percent probability; two-fifths see a 20 percent probability, and opinion declines toward higher probabilities.

"It is not surprising to see such a diminishing outlook in the fourth quarter. Economics bloggers started the year hopeful for a summer recovery, but that obviously hasn't developed," said Tim Kane, senior fellow at the Kauffman Foundation and author of the study. "In our previous surveys, bloggers showed uncertainty about whether we would see a normal recovery or one that would last years, but clearly the experience of the last three months points toward the latter."

While the majority of bloggers in all 2010 surveys have consistently believed that the U.S. government is too involved in the U.S. economy, this quarter they were asked about the impact of the $868 billion dollar federal "stimulus" enacted in 2009. A majority of economics bloggers (62 percent) in this survey believed the unemployment rate would be higher today if the stimulus package had never passed.

Promoting entrepreneurship is an area with bipartisan support, so the survey asked bloggers to evaluate two different approaches. Only 37 percent agree with a more traditional policy of "subsidizing new firm formation with targeted spending and tax benefits" with 63 percent disagreeing (28 percent strongly). The alternative option to "reduce regulatory burdens and fees on new firm formation" is favored by 82 percent of respondents. Rather than recommending the government get more involved in helping entrepreneurs, top economics bloggers recommend it simply do less to hinder them.

"We know that entrepreneurship is the key to long-term growth as well as job creation, but these results give a very clear signal to policymakers about the best way to actually generate more American entrepreneurship," said Robert Litan, vice president of Research and Policy at the Kauffman Foundation. "It's all about lowering barriers to the formation and growth of new scale businesses."

The fourth Quarterly Outlook also features questions from individual economics bloggers. Felix Salmon (Reuters) asked what income qualifies an American citizen as being rich. Half of the panel think "rich" in America ranges from $250,000 to $500,000 in annual income. Bryan Caplan (EconoLog) asked whether children represent a positive or negative externality (i.e. their potential cost-benefit impact on the world), and seven out of 10 economics bloggers said yes, each additional child is a net plus. James Hamilton (Econbrowser) asked bloggers about the probability of a double-dip recession, and Mark Thoma (Economist's View) asked how much of an impact the economic stimulus package had on unemployment.

Eight core questions and four topical questions were designed in coordination with a distinguished board of advisors, which includes:

Robert X. Cringely -- I, Cringely
Brad DeLong -- Grasping Reality
Laurie Harting -- Palgrave's EconoLog
Paul Kedrosky -- Infectious Greed
Lynne Kiesling -- Knowledge Problem
Donald Marron --
Mark Perry -- Carpe Diem
Wade Roush --
Allison Schrager -- Free Exchange
Nick Schulz -- The Enterprise Blog
Yves Smith -- Naked Capitalism
Alex Tabarrok -- Marginal Revolution
Mark Thoma -- Economist's View

The Kauffman Foundation sent invitations to more than 200 leading economics bloggers as identified in the Palgrave's December 2009 rankings for the Kauffman Economic Outlook survey. The Foundation surveys the bloggers each quarter about their views of the economy, entrepreneurship and innovation.

About the Kauffman Foundation
The Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation is a private nonpartisan foundation that works to harness the power of entrepreneurship and innovation to grow economies and improve human welfare. Through its research and other initiatives, the Kauffman Foundation aims to open young people's eyes to the possibility of entrepreneurship, promote entrepreneurship education, raise awareness of entrepreneurship-friendly policies, and find alternative pathways for the commercialization of new knowledge and technologies. In addition, the Foundation focuses on initiatives in the Kansas City region to advance students' math and science skills, and improve the educational achievement of urban students, including the Ewing Marion Kauffman School, a college preparatory charter school for middle and high school students set to open in 2011. Founded by late entrepreneur and philanthropist Ewing Marion Kauffman, the Foundation is based in Kansas City, Mo. and has approximately $2 billion in assets. For more information, visit, and follow the Foundation on and

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