Governor General of Canada

Governor General of Canada

February 11, 2015 09:00 ET

Media Advisory: Governor General to Invest 46 Recipients Into the Order of Canada

OTTAWA, ONTARIO--(Marketwired - Feb. 11, 2015) - His Excellency the Right Honourable David Johnston, Governor General of Canada, will preside over an Order of Canada investiture ceremony at Rideau Hall, on Friday, February 13, 2015, at 10:30 a.m. The Governor General, who is chancellor and Principal Companion of the Order, will bestow the honour on 2 Companions, 8 Officers and 36 Members.

The Order of Canada was created in 1967, during Canada's centennial year, to recognize outstanding achievement, dedication to the community and service to the nation. Since its creation, more than 6 000 people from all sectors of society have been invested into the Order.

A schedule for the investiture ceremony, the list of recipients with citations, and a backgrounder on the Order of Canada are attached.

Media interested in covering this event and interviewing recipients are asked to contact the Rideau Hall Press Office and must arrive at the Princess Anne Entrance no later than 10:15 a.m. on the day of the ceremony.

Follow GGDavidJohnston and RideauHall on Facebook and Twitter.


Members of the media are asked to observe the following schedule:

9:45 a.m.: Media arrive at Rideau Hall
10:30 a.m.: Ceremony begins
The Governor General speaks
The Governor General presents the insignia
(Companions first, followed by Officers and Members)
11:45 a.m.: Interviews with recipients



James Douglas Fleck, C.C.
This is a promotion within the Order.
Toronto, Ont.
Donald Malcolm McRae, C.C. Ottawa, Ont.


James Edward Clark Carter, O.C. Spruce Grove, Alta.
Jean-Marie De Koninck, O.C., C.Q.
This is a promotion within the Order.
Lac-Beauport, Que.
Susan French, O.C. Halifax, N.S.
Paul Gross, O.C. Toronto, Ont.
David Jenkins, O.C. Toronto, Ont.
Harold John Jennings, O.C. Ottawa, Ont.
Veena Rawat, O.C. Ottawa, Ont.
John P. Smol, O.C. Kingston, Ont.


Mary Elyse Allan, C.M. Toronto, Ont.
Brigadier-General Pierre G. Boutet, C.M., C.M.M., C.D. (Ret'd) Lévis, Que.
Marcia Ann Boyd, C.M. Vancouver, B.C.
Ron Burnett, C.M. Vancouver, B.C.
Norman Campbell, C.M. Calgary, Alta.
Earlaine Collins, C.M. Toronto, Ont.
Patrick Dolan Darrah, C.M., O.N.B. Saint John, N.B.
Denise Desautels, C.M. Montréal, Que.
Barry Downs, C.M. West Vancouver, B.C.
Irene Fraser, C.M. Millet, Alta.
Karen Goldenberg, C.M. Toronto, Ont.
Roger Greenberg, C.M. Ottawa, Ont.
Catherine Anita Hankins, C.M. Sutton, Que. and
Amsterdam, Netherlands
Joan F. Ivory, C.M. Westmount, Que.
John Barker Lawson, C.M. Toronto, Ont.
Douglas Letson, C.M. Waterloo, Ont.
Ramona Lumpkin, C.M. Halifax, N.S.
K. Barry Marsden, C.M., O.B.C. West Vancouver, B.C.
Joseph B. Marshall, C.M., O.N.S. Eskasoni, N.S.
Carol Martin, C.M. Thomasburg, Ont.
Allison McCain, C.M. Florenceville, N.B.
Frank L. McKinnon, C.M. Calgary, Alta. and Carman, Man.
Peter Ernest Murdoch, C.M. Roxboro, Que.
Mona Nemer, C.M., C.Q. Ottawa, Ont.
Kimberly Pate, C.M. Ottawa, Ont.
Juri Peepre, C.M. Windermere, B.C.
Michel Phaneuf, C.M. Mont-Royal, Que.
Shana Poplack, C.M. Ottawa, Ont.
Stephen Ralls, C.M. Toronto, Ont.
Denise Robert, C.M. Montréal, Que.
Karl Siegler, C.M. Powell River, B.C.
René Simard, C.M. Lorraine, Que.
Mavis Staines, C.M. Toronto, Ont.
Bruce Ubukata, C.M. Toronto, Ont.
Fawn Wilson White, C.M. Saint John, N.B. and Rome, Italy
Robin Williams, C.M. Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ont.



James Douglas Fleck, C.C.

Toronto, Ontario

Jim Fleck has made indelible contributions to Canada's business, academic, public policy and philanthropic sectors. His visionary and strategic leadership and his mentorship are hallmarks of his long career as an entrepreneur, professor and public servant. He is equally well known for his transformational philanthropy, lending his personal support and expertise to organizations in the health care, social services, sports, educational and cultural sectors. He is highly regarded for the instrumental role he played in the development of the Canadian Arts Summit, which brings arts leaders together to share best practices and network. As well, as chair of Business for the Arts, he has connected business executives with cultural institutions to develop avenues of support for Canadian artists.

This is a promotion within the Order.

Donald Malcolm McRae, C.C.

Ottawa, Ontario

A world-renowned lawyer and scholar, Don McRae is Canada's leading authority in a number of international legal fields. Notably, his expertise with respect to the law of the sea is regularly sought out by United Nations agencies and other international organizations, and his work on international economic law has helped Canada become a key player within the World Trade Organization. He is also one of only three Canadians to have been elected to serve on the United Nations' International Law Commission, a crowning accomplishment that places him among the world's elite legal professionals.


James Edward Clark Carter, O.C.

Spruce Grove, Alberta

Jim Carter has revolutionized the oil sands mining industry. After joining Syncrude Canada Inc., he oversaw the development of cutting-edge technologies that have led to vast improvements in mining, mineral processing and land reclamation. He forged partnerships with First Nations communities, leading the company to become one of the largest employers of Aboriginal people in Canada. He has long been committed to building a skilled workforce and has supported the advancement of mining engineering education and research in Canadian universities.

Jean-Marie De Koninck, O.C., C.Q.

Lac-Beauport, Quebec

A true renaissance man, Jean-Marie De Koninck has had a strong impact on a number of sectors. As a renowned mathematician, he has multiplied his projects to make mathematics more accessible, especially to children all across the country. He is also still the president-founder of Operation Red Nose, which has become a pan-Canadian organization and a global model. Moreover, the recommendations he has made as president of the Table québécoise de la sécurité routière have led to legislative changes and, accordingly, a decrease in the number of traffic accidents. He also very generously donates his time to various organizations, particularly those related to the development of amateur sport in Canada.

This is a promotion within the Order.

Susan French, O.C.

Halifax, Nova Scotia

Susan French has helped to build a solid foundation for nursing programs in Canada and abroad. A director of the School of Nursing at McMaster University, she spearheaded innovative teaching approaches, including a problem-based learning curriculum and interdisciplinary education. Alongside, she played a key role in establishing the national accreditation system used by university schools of nursing across Canada. She has also worked closely with organizations, such as the Aga Khan University to help develop undergraduate nursing programs abroad.

Paul Gross, O.C.

Toronto, Ontario

Actor, director and writer Paul Gross has left an indelible mark on our cultural landscape. Internationally known for his role as RCMP Constable Benton Fraser on the award-winning television series "Due South", he has also earned accolades for his work in theatre and film. He is committed to telling Canadian stories, notably as the author and director of the First World War epic Passchendaele, in which he also starred. In addition, he ardently promotes Canadian culture, mentoring domestic talent and advocating on behalf of our television and film industries.

David Jenkins, O.C.

Toronto, Ontario

David Jenkins is one of our nation's foremost authorities on nutrition. A Canada Research Chair and professor at the University of Toronto, he is best known as the inventor of the glycemic index, a dietary management tool used globally to compare the effect of different foods on blood sugar levels. He has also made influential discoveries related to fibre and other food components that hold fundamental implications for heart health. Committed to ensuring that nutrition science improves the lives of Canadians, he has played a key role in the development of healthier consumer food products.

Harold John Jennings, O.C.

Ottawa, Ontario

Harold Jennings has made seminal contributions to the development of lifesaving pediatric vaccines. He has worked for five decades as a research scientist at the National Research Council's Institute for Biological Sciences. In the 1980s, he developed the vaccine now used across North America and Europe to protect children from the most common strain of meningitis. He is also lauded for his innovative development of conjugate vaccine technology. This breakthrough has been widely used to create more effective vaccines for other infectious diseases.

Veena Rawat, O.C.

Ottawa, Ontario

Veena Rawat is a trailblazer for women in telecommunications. An engineer at Industry Canada in the 1970s, she rose through the ranks to become president of the Communications Research Centre. She led international negotiations related to the management of radio frequency spectrum and chaired the multilateral body that sets worldwide best practices in the field. Her leadership has helped build the framework to regulate the radio spectrum used for broadcasting, mobile communication, navigation, satellites and more. Throughout her career she has also sought to increase opportunities for women in science and technology.

John P. Smol, O.C.

Kingston, Ontario

John Smol is one of the world's foremost experts on historical changes to lakes and rivers. A Canada Research Chair and professor of biology and environmental studies at Queen's University, he has been at the vanguard of scientific discovery related to lake ecosystems for over 30 years. He is credited with demonstrating how paleolimnology, the study of ancient lake deposits, enables us to trace humanity's impact on our environment over time. His research has led to increased protection of our inland waters and has provided evidence of human-made contributions to climate change in the last century.


Mary Elyse Allan, C.M.

Toronto, Ontario

Elyse Allan's exemplary leadership extends well beyond the boardroom. President and CEO of GE Canada, she is an inclusive and innovative leader who has championed scientific literacy among youth, particularly girls. She is equally passionate about advancing the country's innovation agenda, technology base and competitive fiscal policy. She sits on the boards of several national public policy and business associations, corporate and community groups, and governmental task forces.

Brigadier-General Pierre G. Boutet, C.M., C.M.M., C.D. (Ret'd)

Lévis, Quebec

Pierre Boutet demonstrated remarkable dedication and leadership in the fields of military law and international law. He served with the Canadian Armed Forces for a number of years and notably helped make reforms to the National Defence Act as judge advocate general. Later, as a United Nations-appointed judge for the Special Court for Sierra Leone, he worked in the field for several years under very difficult conditions to help re-establish a law-abiding society.

Marcia Ann Boyd, C.M.

Vancouver, British Columbia

Marcia Ann Boyd has helped to change the face of dentistry. A highly regarded teacher and academic administrator with the Faculty of Dentistry at the University of British Columbia, she has long been committed to improving standards of education and practice. As the first woman to hold several leadership roles within her profession, she strengthened the accreditation and certification processes for dentistry in Canada, and helped pave the way for women in the field.

Ron Burnett, C.M.

Vancouver, British Columbia

Ron Burnett has had a lasting impact on arts education in Canada. Throughout his academic career, he has contributed to the development of film and cultural studies in Canada, notably as the founder of Ciné-Tracts, an early Canadian cultural studies journal. A forerunner in the widespread use of social media, he was among the first 20 years ago to establish a website and weblog, still visited today as a forum for meaningful communication. As president and vice-chancellor of Emily Carr University of Art and Design for the past 18 years, he has overseen a significant expansion of the institution and its conversion into a university, and is credited with keeping the school on the cutting edge of technology, design and art.

Norman Campbell, C.M.

Calgary, Alberta

A professor of medicine and research chair at the University of Calgary, Norman Campbell is a champion of the prevention and control of hypertension. He was instrumental in establishing national clinical guidelines that are being used by health care providers to detect, treat and manage high blood pressure, and which are helping to reduce mortality in Canada. He has also worked with governments to help Canadians reduce the amount of sodium in their diets, and consults internationally with the World Health Organization in the area of nutrition and micro-nutrients.

Earlaine Collins, C.M.

Toronto, Ontario

Guided by her social conscience, Earlaine Collins has supported numerous artists and performing arts organizations throughout the country, contributing to the vitality of Canada's cultural life. Yet her desire to make a difference extends beyond the arts to those in need. Many social service organizations have benefited from her generosity, including the SickKids Music Therapy Program for Palliative Care, and the House of Compassion of Toronto, a care facility she co-founded as a home for single people living with mental illness.

Patrick Dolan Darrah, C.M., O.N.B.

Saint John, New Brunswick

Patrick Darrah is a pillar of social and economic development in Saint John. As the long-time executive director of the Saint John Construction Association, he championed progressive labour standards and workplace health and safety awareness. His leadership of collaborative community initiatives has benefited his region, resulting in improved athletic facilities, the development of the Saint John campus of the University of New Brunswick, and a partnership that allows local students to earn a Dalhousie University medical degree while studying in New Brunswick.

Denise Desautels, C.M.

Montréal, Quebec

A major figure in Quebec poetry, Denise Desautels is considered one of the most exceptional prose writers in the province. She has published a dense, diversified body of work that has been translated into several languages and has earned her numerous awards. Through her original approach, which is characterized by her collaboration with visual artists, she has contributed to the renewal of the artistic language of her field. Moreover, her commitment to the literary scene makes her a passionate spokesperson in Quebec and around the world.

Barry Downs, C.M.

West Vancouver, British Columbia

Barry Downs has created architectural spaces that enhance the livability and well-being of his community. An architect and early contributor to the West Coast Modernist style, he has incorporated elements of the natural landscape into the design of his buildings. His portfolio includes a wide array of projects including houses, institutions and innovative community master plans, as well as the award-winning Rayer Residence. He has also shared his time and knowledge as a long-standing member of the City of Vancouver's heritage and civic design panel.

Irene Fraser, C.M.

Millet, Alberta

Irene Fraser is an advocate for the fair treatment of Aboriginal people. Highly regarded for her work with the John Howard Society and the National Parole Board, she became a sought-after advisor, sharing her broad knowledge on Aboriginal justice issues with government commissions and the boards of many social service organizations. She was instrumental in the development and implementation of culturally sensitive parole hearings and the Indian Residential Schools claims process. She is admired for her principles, courage, compassion and civic engagement.

Karen Goldenberg, C.M.

Toronto, Ontario

Karen Goldenberg is devoted to helping others in her community. An occupational therapist by training, she co-founded the Community Occupational Therapy Associates and the Canadian Occupational Therapy Foundation, two organizations that have helped advance the field. As a leader in the social service sector, notably through JVS Toronto, she has championed programs to assist the elderly, those with mental health and cognitive challenges, disenfranchised youth, and newcomers to Canada.

Roger Greenberg, C.M.

Ottawa, Ontario

Executive chairman of Ottawa's largest real estate developer, Roger Greenberg shares his expertise with a variety of charities in the National Capital Region. His integrity, his willingness to give of his own time, and the breadth of his professional guidance have been cited by his beneficiaries as what sets his patronage apart. Also a successful fundraiser, he has spearheaded notable campaigns for the Ottawa Jewish Community Foundation and numerous organizations in the health and education sectors.

Catherine Anita Hankins, C.M.

Sutton, Quebec and Amsterdam, Netherlands

Catherine Hankins has worked to save lives through her leadership in the fight against HIV. As chief scientific advisor to the Joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS, she directed strategies to place information about new HIV interventions into the hands of policy-makers and program planners, and championed community engagement in HIV prevention trials. A leader in Canada's public health response to HIV, she advanced research on women living with HIV, prisoners, sex workers, and people who inject drugs. She also co-founded Montréal's needle-exchange program and served on Canada's National Advisory Committee on AIDS.

Joan F. Ivory, C.M.

Westmount, Quebec

Joan Ivory has provided unwavering support to the Montréal community. Known for her personal engagement and prodigious hard work, she has a long history of supporting health care and the arts. As a board member of the McGill University Health Centre, she has contributed to its development and helped to improve patient care by leading efforts to move the Royal Victoria and the Montreal Chest Institute to a new site. She is also actively involved in the Montreal Museum of Fine Arts Acquisitions Committee and sits on the Faculty Advisory Board of the McGill University Schulich School of Music.

John Barker Lawson, C.M.

Toronto, Ontario

A lawyer by profession, John Lawson is a devoted music lover whose voluntary service has had a transformative effect on Toronto's classical music scene. He was a driving force behind the construction of Toronto's Roy Thomson Hall and has been credited with laying the groundwork for the long-term success of the Toronto Mendelssohn Choir. Also a dedicated supporter of young musicians, he has spearheaded initiatives to assist students at the University of Toronto and The Royal Conservatory of Music.

Douglas Letson, C.M.

Waterloo, Ontario

Douglas Letson has long been dedicated to serving his community. A distinguished scholar, teacher and former president of St. Jérome University, he has also been a staunch advocate of local initiatives in the environment, health and community sectors. He is particularly known for his effective leadership of the Walter Bean Grand River Community Trails Foundation, St. Mary's Hospital, and KidsAbility. Furthermore, he made a significant contribution to the academic study of Catholicism through his scholarship on social justice and religious identity.

Ramona Lumpkin, C.M.

Halifax, Nova Scotia

Ramona Lumpkin has made notable contributions to post-secondary education in Canada. She has led academic institutions across the country, from Huron University College to Mount Saint Vincent University, and strongly believes liberal arts colleges offer countless benefits to students. As president and vice-chancellor of Mount Saint Vincent University, she continues to move the institution forward in its mission to support women and education, while fortifying connections between the university, the community and the broader Atlantic region.

K. Barry Marsden, C.M., O.B.C.

West Vancouver, British Columbia

From his roots as an aerial firefighter pilot and aircraft maintenance engineer, Barry Marsden has become one of the major forces in Canada's aviation industry. Co-founder of Conair Aviation, he led the company through expansive growth to become Canada's largest aerial firefighting business specializing in the development of both aircraft and wildfire suppression techniques. He assumed the position of president and CEO in 1991, and subsequently oversaw the creation of Cascade Aerospace, which provides commercial and specialty aerospace defence services internationally. Today, he funds scholarships to support the next generation of aviation professionals.

Joseph B. Marshall, C.M., O.N.S.

Eskasoni, Nova Scotia

Joseph Marshall is a visionary leader of the Nova Scotia Mi'kmaq. A lawyer by profession, and the co-founder and current executive director of the Union of Nova Scotia Indians, he has led many initiatives that have improved the conditions in his community, notably through the affirmation of treaty rights. His passionate commitment to teaching and speaking the Mi'kmaq language has played a key role in preserving the traditions and culture of his people. In addition, he helped establish Unama'ki College at Cape Breton University, where he was an influential role model to many Mi'kmaq students.

Carol Martin, C.M.

Thomasburg, Ontario

Carol Martin has played an influential role in the development of the Canadian publishing industry. Co-founder of a publishing house, she was an early champion of Canadian writers and co-founded, more than 50 years ago, the first all-Canadian book-of-the-month club to help promote their works. As well, she played a seminal role in founding the Association of Canadian Publishers and the Canadian Children's Book Centre, both key advocacy organizations. Revered as a mentor, she has also written several non-fiction historical books.

Allison McCain, C.M.

Florenceville, New Brunswick

As a businessman and philanthropist, Allison McCain has made indelible contributions to New Brunswick. Chairman of McCain Foods Limited, he is highly regarded for supporting health care, the arts, culture, education and civic initiatives. His generosity and strong leadership have benefited such organizations as the Beaverbrook Art Gallery, the New Brunswick Business Council, and the University of New Brunswick, where he led a record-breaking fundraising campaign and now serves as chancellor.

Frank L. McKinnon, C.M.

Calgary, Alberta and Carman, Manitoba

Frank McKinnon is devoted to creating opportunities for youth through sport. A long-time teacher and school principal, he promoted the benefits of high school athletics, coached numerous teams, and held leadership positions in many community and sports organizations. He played a vital role in the development, delivery and growth of amateur sport-hockey, in particular-at the helm of various provincial and national organizations, and as the commissioner of the Manitoba Junior Hockey League for 10 years.

Peter Ernest Murdoch, C.M.

Roxboro, Quebec

Peter Murdoch has left an indelible mark on the northern regions of our country. After moving to Canada's North in the late 1940s, he gained a deep understanding of the social and economic barriers faced by the Inuit. He played an instrumental role in founding one of the first co-operatives and helped to develop a framework for the Inuit to manage their own local economies and gain greater independence. Based on his earlier success, he exported the co-operative model to other northern communities, notably as the general manager of the Fédération des coopératives du Nouveau-Québec.

Mona Nemer, C.M., C.Q.

Ottawa, Ontario

Mona Nemer is an authority on the genetic underpinning of cardiac abnormalities. As the director of the cardiac development research unit at the Institut de recherches cliniques de Montréal, she identified key genes critical to cardiac function and increased our understanding of the causes of heart malformations. Now, as the vice-president of research at the University of Ottawa, she has led the coordination and promotion of scientific advances within the institution and within the U15 Group of Canadian Research Universities.

Kimberly Pate, C.M.

Ottawa, Ontario

Kimberly Pate is an outspoken advocate for social justice. Executive director of the Canadian Association of Elizabeth Fry Societies, she has worked to improve conditions for women in prison and to support their reintegration into society. She has shed light on the special needs of Aboriginal women and those with mental health issues within the prison system. Frequently consulted by the media for her expertise, she has also contributed to national and international policy discussions on women in the criminal justice system through her research, writings and volunteerism.

Juri Peepre, C.M.

Windermere, British Columbia

A long-time advocate for conservation, Juri Peepre has worked to protect our natural environment for future generations. Founder of the Yukon chapter of the Canadian Parks and Wilderness Society, he helped build a network of protected areas in northwestern Canada. His Three Rivers Project, which culminated with a book and travelling art show, helped ensure that the local First Nations' vision for the Peel watershed reached a national audience. Former chair of Wildsight, a conservation organization in the Columbia Valley, he continues to raise awareness about the importance of wilderness protection.

Michel Phaneuf, C.M.

Mont-Royal, Quebec

Author and communicator Michel Phaneuf is a trusted Québécois authority on wine. In the early 1980s, he was considered a pioneer in Canada when he created and published the Guide du vin. Since that time, this reference book has become an annual classic and has won international awards. Through his magazine columns, radio and television appearances, and other noteworthy accomplishments, he has increased the public's interest in Canadian wine. Moreover, various social organizations have benefited from his dedication and generosity, notably the Centre d'excellence en thérapie cellulaire at the Hôpital Maisonneuve-Rosemont, which focuses on the development of regenerative medicine.

Shana Poplack, C.M.

Ottawa, Ontario

Shana Poplack is a groundbreaking sociolinguist who sheds light on language change and variation. The Canada Research Chair in Linguistics at the University of Ottawa, she has become a leading expert in several domains. She has refuted foundational theories through her inquiries into the evolution of spoken Canadian French and the origins of African-American Vernacular English, as well as through her studies on the patterns of language mixing in bilingual communities. As a result of her successes, linguistic research methods have been vastly transformed. Her work on marginalized language communities has also helped combat the stigma often faced by these groups.

Stephen Ralls, C.M. and Bruce Ubukata, C.M.

Toronto, Ontario

Bruce Ubukata and Stephen Ralls have helped to weave Canada's musical landscape. Instrumentalists, répétiteurs and educators, they are best known as the founders and artistic directors of the Aldeburgh Connection. Through a themed vocal concert series, they have provided emerging Canadian singers with the opportunity to hone their skill and perform with some of Canada's most distinguished musicians. They have also played an important role in promoting the art song, by commissioning, performing and recording new and old compositions.

Denise Robert, C.M.

Montréal, Quebec

A widely respected producer, Denise Robert plays a major role in championing Quebec films. Co-founder and president of Cinémaginaire, she has produced numerous international award-winning films, including Les Invasions barbares, which won an Oscar. She also plays a role in developing the film industry. She has chaired the Association des producteurs de films et de télévision du Québec and is a member of the prestigious Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. She also organizes fundraisers for children and was responsible for the La Maison de la vie project, which included a total transformation of the emergency waiting room at the CHU Sainte-Justine and the creation of the Céline Dion theatre for hospitalized children.

Karl Siegler, C.M.

Powell River, British Columbia

Canada's writers and publishers have one of their biggest champions in Karl Siegler. Co-founder of the Literary Press Group of Canada and past president of the Association of Canadian Publishers, he advocates tirelessly on behalf of our literary community. He has given testimony on the Canadian book trade before federal government standing committees and has worked to protect Canada's cultural industries in our free trade agreements. Between 1975 and 2007, he was the CEO and publisher of the British Columbia press Talonbooks, which evolved into a high-quality, social-minded, world-class company under his guidance.

René Simard, C.M.

Lorraine, Quebec

René Simard has held a special place in our culture for over 40 years. An iconic figure in music in the 1970s, he began his international career when he was 14 years old and has now recorded over 40 albums. He has also stirred people's hearts as the host of galas and variety programs in Quebec and across Canada, and as the director and artistic director of major musical productions, including Génération Motown and Elvis Story. He has been very generous with his time and has, for many years, been the spokesperson for the Fondation québécoise pour la recherche sur l'implant cochléaire and the Fondation Sourdine, which help children with hearing disabilities.

Mavis Staines, C.M.

Toronto, Ontario

Mavis Staines is an innovative and visionary leader in the Canadian dance community. As artistic director of the National Ballet School of Canada, she has helped to enhance this institution's reputation as one of the best in the world. Under her leadership, the school's facilities and curriculum have been expanded and modernized. She has also represented Canadian dance on the global stage, both as artistic president of the prestigious Prix de Lausanne, and by initiating partnerships with international ballet schools and dance companies. Influential in her field, she has helped to redefine the concept of a "healthy dancer" and to alter people's perception of beauty in dance.

Fawn Wilson White, C.M.

Saint John, New Brunswick and Rome, Italy

For decades, Fawn Wilson White has promoted Canadian culture abroad. As a philanthropist and passionate patron of the arts, she has created opportunities for Canadian artists, singers and musicians to showcase their talents to a global audience. She has nurtured collaborations between Canadian and international artists, and has provided students with access to specialized programs in Europe. In addition, her role as a cultural ambassador has benefited her home province, where she has helped Opera New Brunswick stage high-quality productions.

Robin Williams, C.M.

Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario

Robin Williams is a steadfast advocate for children and youth. A pediatrician and public health specialist, she was the long-time medical officer of health in the Niagara region. She has also been at the forefront of provincial and national investments in child health and welfare through her leadership of the Council for Early Child Development and the Canadian Pediatric Society. Notably, she played a key role in the establishment of developmental monitoring for children at their 18-month immunization visit, and in the creation of community-based early years centres throughout her province.


Established in 1967 by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, the Order of Canada is the cornerstone of the Canadian Honours System, and recognizes outstanding achievement, dedication to the community and service to the nation. The Order recognizes people in all sectors of Canadian society. Their contributions are varied, yet they have all enriched the lives of others and made a difference to this country.

Motto and Levels

The Order of Canada's motto is DESIDERANTES MELIOREM PATRIAM (They desire a better country). Her Majesty The Queen is the Sovereign of the Order, and the governor general is the chancellor and Principal Companion of the Order.

Companion - Post-nominal: C.C.
recognizes national pre-eminence or international service or achievement;
Officer - Post-nominal: O.C.
recognizes national service or achievement; and
Member - Post-nominal: C.M.
recognizes outstanding contributions at the local or regional level or in a special field of activity.

Insignia Description

The insignia of the Order is a stylized snowflake of six points, with a red annulus at its centre which bears a stylized maple leaf circumscribed with the motto of the Order, DESIDERANTES MELIOREM PATRIAM (They desire a better country), surmounted by the Royal Crown. It is struck in fine silver and is composed of three individual pieces: the snowflake, annulus and maple leaf. The colour is added by hand through a unique application of opaque and translucent viscous enamel.

The design of the insignia of the Order of Canada dates from 1967, and is credited to Bruce Beatty, C.M., S.O.M., C.D. The technical drawings used by the Royal Canadian Mint in this new generation of the insignia were developed by the Canadian Heraldic Authority at the Chancellery of Honours, part of the Office of the Secretary to the Governor General. The insignia is manufactured by the Mint at its Ottawa facility.


All Canadians are eligible for the Order of Canada, with the exception of federal and provincial politicians and judges while in office. The Order's constitution permits non-Canadians to be considered for honorary appointments. Members of the Royal Family, governors general and their spouses are appointed in the extraordinary category. There are no posthumous appointments.

Officers and Members may be elevated within the Order in recognition of further achievement, based on continued exceptional or extraordinary service to Canada. Usually, promotions are considered five years after the first appointment.


Any person or group is welcome to nominate a deserving individual as a candidate for appointment to the Order of Canada. Appointments are made on the recommendations of the Advisory Council for the Order of Canada, an independent council chaired by the chief justice of Canada. Members of the Advisory Council on the Order of Canada reflect the diversity and excellence in Canadian society. Certain members are appointed by virtue of their office; others are appointed for a fixed term to achieve a balanced representation of the various regions of the country.

For more information about the Order of Canada or to nominate someone, visit our website at

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