SOURCE: Milken Institute

Milken Institute

January 22, 2015 12:20 ET

Milken Institute Challenges America to "Drink Different"

Research Details the Cost of Our Intake of Sugary Drinks -- and How Much We Can Gain by Cutting Back

LOS ANGELES, CA--(Marketwired - Jan 22, 2015) - Each day, Americans make choices about what they will eat and drink. Often, these are unhealthy ones, contributing to a national obesity rate of more than 33 percent. Lowering this rate is key to controlling rising health-care costs and improving quality of life. While many factors contribute to obesity, the consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages is a leading cause. Health economists from the Milken Institute conducted the first-ever analysis of the effect lowering consumption of such drinks would have on public health and finances -- and discovered that even a modest reduction would have a major health impact and generate solid economic dividends.

"In 2030, if Americans consume on average three fewer 12-ounce sugar-sweetened drinks per month compared to continuing on the current trend, the number of obese Americans would be reduced by 2.6 million," says Anusuya Chatterjee, an Institute managing economist and co-author of Drink Different: Feasible Strategies to Reduce Obesity. "And reaching this goal would produce an overall savings of more than $25 billion for the U.S health-care system."

The primary drivers of obesity are poor diet, sedentary lifestyle, and a desk-bound work environment. Many items in the typical American diet have little nutritional value. "Drink Different" focuses on the "empty calories" in sugar-sweetened beverages -- including sodas, sports drinks, and fruit drinks with less than 100 percent fruit juice -- that contain an average of 10 teaspoons of sugar per 12-ounce container. Medical researchers have established a causal relationship between the excess calories in these drinks and a rise in blood sugar levels that often leads to diabetes and heart disease.

To estimate the impact of sugary drinks, Institute researchers used data from 1999 to 2010, across market groups representing more than 75 percent of the U.S. population. They then created two possible scenarios of sugary beverage consumption to note the effects on obesity: a baseline representing continuation of the status quo, and an optimistic scenario assuming a moderate reduction in consumption. An analysis of the difference between them shows that even a moderate reduction could bring dramatic benefits to the health-care system over a 20-year period.

To achieve that goal, effective public policies are needed to shape and reinforce healthier consumer behavior. "Many policies that targeted sugary drinks have failed," says health analyst and report co-author Sindhu Kubendran. "That's mainly because the prices of healthy alternatives were not competitive."

Among the recommended measures to reduce obesity:

  • Promote alternatives. Making healthy drinks more attractive could cut consumption of the sugary kind. For instance, improving the taste of tap water in places where it is substandard could spur consumption of water.
  • Since nutritious consumption must be complemented by an active lifestyle, policymakers and consumers need to develop infrastructure and raise awareness of the importance of physical activity.
  • Business and political leaders should work together to push for healthy lifestyles. Progress here has already been made. Last year, the three leading global soda companies pledged to support a 20 percent reduction in Americans' consumption of sugary drink calories by 2025.

"Our analysis points out that sugary drinks should not be the sole focus of obesity-prevention efforts," says Chatterjee. "But reducing consumption of these beverages will be a very good start to healthier and more productive lives for millions of Americans."

Find Drink Different here: http://www.milkeninstitute.org/publications/view/683

About the Milken Institute
 
A nonprofit, nonpartisan think tank, the Milken Institute believes in the power of capital markets to solve urgent social and economic challenges. Its mission is to improve lives around the world by advancing innovative economic and policy solutions that create jobs, widen access to capital and enhance health.

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