Quebec Landlords Association

Quebec Landlords Association

January 25, 2011 11:20 ET

Quebec Rental Board : The Quebec Landlords Association (APQ) Is Hopeful That the Outdated Methods for Setting Rents Will Undergo a Reform by Spring 2011!

MONTREAL, QUEBEC--(Marketwire - Jan. 25, 2011) - The Québec Landlords Association (APQ) regrets that once again this year, the yearly rent increase percentages released this morning by the Québec Rental Board don't reflect the reality of rental housing in Québec. The current thirty year-old method which came into use in 1981, continues to penalize investment in residential rental properties in the Québec.

"With the rate increase for major building works remaining the same as in 2010 at 3%, how can a landlord even begin to think of renovating his or her building with a return on investment rate that is over 25 years old? Furthermore, banks are not willing to lend the sums required for major renovations. Consequently, landlords will only be in a position to make urgent repairs, but not improvements!" states the APQ's president, Martin Messier.

Nonetheless, the APQ points out that landlords who heat their buildings with oil or natural gas will be able to raise rents this year due to the fact that the rate is positive and not negative, as it was last year. The position of these landlords is basically disregarded by the current method. This is why reform is urgently needed and long overdue!

The APQ encourages all residential landlords in Québec to increase the rents they will charge in 2011 according to the market in their particular area. The APQ believes that an average increase of 3% would not be excessive. In addition to the amount of this increase, they should also factor in the property tax increases, as well as the cost of any major work done to the building.

Landlords have very little latitude

Keep in mind that these rate increases are guidelines and that each landlord must use the calculation forms to determine the increase in their particular case. « The landlord and the tenant are free to negotiate the yearly increase, and it's this freedom of contract that must not be brought into question» emphasizes the APQ's President, Martin Messier.

If the tenant feels that the increase is exaggerated, they are free to speak to the landlord to discuss things. If the parties can't agree, the tenant can refuse the increase. Then it's up to the landlord to open a file at the Québec Rental Board which will calculate the increase using the current method of calculation.

The latest report by the Canadian Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) confirmed that rents in Québec are the lowest in Canada. In 2010 the average rent increase in Québec in 2010 was 3%.

In addition, with sharp increases in vacancies in certain regions of the province, landlords will have no alternative than to keep their increases low in order to retain their tenants, and when certain expenses are not factored in now, then the landlord cannot claim them in later years.

It is imperative that the reforms planned for this Spring abolish the current rule of rent protection once the tenant doesn't renew and leaves. The law should allow the rent to be adjusted to the then prevailing market level. The law essentially protects the rental price of a vacant apartment, something that is unnecessary and which must be abolished in order to encourage free competition and open negotiations.

The APQ supports residential rental landlords

The APQ provides landlords with its own rental adjustment calculation form in Excel format and the users of this file can input their data to generate an increase which will allow the proper management of their building. To obtain a free copy, contact the APQ at 1-888-382-9670, or visit its website at Landlords can download the file to their own computer, as well as save their data.

It is also very important to be well informed of the rules concerning lease renewals. For leases lasting 12 months and ending on June 30th, 2011, modification notices must be sent to tenants before March 31st, 2011.

The Estates General of the APQ

There will be a reform of the laws governing the Québec Rental Board in the Spring. The APQ will be an active participant in the discussions that will take place in parliamentary commissions and during the session's work.

The APQ, which stands for all residential property landlords in Québec, is organizing an Estates General, or a general consultation for landlords to voice their concerns and describe their problems and their actual experiences, to help guide the APQ in its representations.

These consultations will take place in different cities in order to allow all residential rental landlords, whether or not they are APQ members, to express their concerns.

  • Tuesday, March 15th : Sherbrooke

  • Wednesday, March 16th : Granby

  • Tuesday, March 22nd : Drummondville

  • Wednesday, March 23rd: Ville de Québec

  • Thursday, March 24th: Trois-Rivières

  • Monday, March 28th: Montréal

  • Wednesday, March 30th : Gatineau-Hull

For any comments or questions, to register and for information on meeting locations and times, please contact Nathalie Blais at 1-888-382-9670, ext 220.

Founded in 1984, the Québec Landlords Association (APQ) is the largest association of its type serving owners of residential rental properties throughout all regions of Québec.

Contact Information

  • Source:
    Kevin Lebeau
    Communications Coordinator
    514-382-9670 ext. 255
    For information:
    Martin Messier
    514-382-9670, ext. 201