SOURCE: Tourmaline Oil Corp.

Tourmaline Oil Corp.

November 05, 2014 17:00 ET

Tourmaline Oil Corp. Announces Q3 2014 Financial and Operating Results and 2015 Capital Program

CALGARY, AB--(Marketwired - November 05, 2014) - Tourmaline Oil Corp. (TSX: TOU) ("Tourmaline" or the "Company") is pleased to announce record nine-month results and the 2015 EP Capital Program.

Highlights

  • Record nine-month 2014 after-tax earnings of $223.7 million, a 145% increase over the comparable period in 2013. Tourmaline's natural gas plays are profitable full-cycle at prices below $3.00/mcf and the Company's oil complex is profitable full-cycle at oil prices below $35.00/bbl.
  • Record nine-month cash flow(1) of $695.8 million, a 90% increase over 2013 cash flow of $366.0 million.
  • Nine-month 2014 average production of 106,858 boepd is up 51% over the same period of 2013 (70,990 boepd).
  • Tourmaline has undertaken a series of financial transactions that will provide an additional $1.05 billion in financial capacity for 2015.
  • Daily natural gas production reached a record 725 mmcfpd in the second half of October.
  • A 2015 capital budget of $1.60 billion has been approved by the Board of Directors; anticipated 2015 cash flow is approximately $1.50 billion.

2014/2015 Capital Program

  • 2014 full-year capital spending is forecast to be $1.855 billion ($1.355 billion net of dispositions). Incremental expenditures include:
    • $41.3 million of 2014 spending is directed towards 2015 facility projects to ensure that 2015 facility projects are on or ahead of schedule. These expenditures include acquiring equipment for the Q1 2015 Spirit River gas plant expansion, the Q1 2015 Mulligan Phase 1 oil battery, and the 2015 Wild River plant expansion. These 2014 expenditures will reduce 2015 total annual facility capital.
    • Approximately $37.5 million for 10 unbudgeted 2014 outside operated wells in all three core areas.
    • The Company has rig released 110 wells since break-up and anticipates drilling 160 wells via the 20-rig program by year end. This is 20 wells more than originally planned ($110.0 million additional expenditure).
    • Total 2014 facility and pipeline expenditures were increased to $635 million, with five major projects in the second half of 2014, all of which will be on-stream prior to year end. These new facilities will provide the framework for continued sector-leading growth in 2015 and 2016.
    • $20.0 million on three Peace River High acquisitions. These acquisitions are part of the ongoing strategy to consolidate the approximately 25% of the regional Charlie Lake oil pool that the Company does not currently own.
    • $25.0 million spent on crown land sales in NEBC and AB acquiring lands prospective for the expanding, liquid-rich lower Montney play.
  • A 2015 capital program of $1.60 billion has been approved by the Tourmaline Board of Directors, with anticipated 2015 cash flow of $1.50 billion. The budget includes:
    • 2015 drilling/completion of $1.14 billion, employing a 20-rig program.
    • 2015 facilities of $410 million.

The Company will revisit the EP program and pace of activity during Q2 2015/Spring break-up in light of the commodity price outlook at that time.

(1) See "Non-GAAP Financial Measures" in the attached Management's Discussion and Analysis.

2H 2014 Financial Transactions

  • During the 2H of 2014, the Company has undertaken several transactions that will provide considerable additional financial capacity for 2015. These include:
    • A $300.0 million increase of the existing bank facility to $1.60 billion in September 2014.
    • A $250.0 million term debt transaction that will provide capacity in addition to the bank facility.
    • A joint venture on the Peace River High that will provide a $500.0 million cash payment prior to year end 2014.
  • Tourmaline will continue to operate with debt to cash flow of less than 1.0 times and continue to demonstrate sector-leading production and reserve growth.
  • Tourmaline has 196.4 mmcfpd of natural gas hedged during the fourth quarter of 2014 at an average price of $4.30/mcf and 110.0 mmcfpd hedged in 2015 at $4.34/mcf.

EP Update

  • Current production is 135,000 - 140,000 boepd with further increases in production when the new Spirit River gas plant and Wild River plant expansions come on-stream during November and December, as scheduled.
  • Q4 2014 is expected to be the most significant production growth period in the Company's six-year history. The Company remains on track to achieve exit 2014 production of 150,000 - 155,000 boepd, or greater.
  • Tourmaline has rig released 110 wells since the end of 2014 break-up, significantly ahead of original projections from the 20-rig program.
  • A full-year 2015 average production level of 164,500 boepd is currently forecast.
  • Tourmaline is expecting to reach the 1.0 bcf/day production milestone in the fourth quarter of 2015 with total liquid production (oil, condensate, NGLs) at that time in excess of 40,000 bpd with the 20-drilling-rig scenario for the full year.
  • Alberta Deep Basin results have continued to significantly outperform the economic template of a 30-day IP of 5 mmcfpd utilized in the Company forecasting. Of the 51 wells with 30 days of production history in 2014, the average 30-day IP is 10.1 mmcfpd.
  • The most recent lowest Montney turbidite delineation well tested at 4.0 mmcfpd with 140 bbls/mmcf of condensate at the wellhead.

Peace River High Joint Venture

  • Tourmaline has entered into an agreement with Canadian Non-Operated Resources LP for the Peace River High operated area, through which Tourmaline will sell 25% of the existing complex (all lands, wells, production, reserves, and facilities) for $500.0 million.
  • Subsequent to deal close in December 2014, Canadian Non-Operated Resources LP will be a 25% working interest joint venture partner in the complex and will be responsible for its share of EP expenditures on a go-forward basis.
  • Tourmaline will accelerate the planned EP program commencing in 2015, with both an accelerated drilling program and infrastructure build-out resulting in expenditures of at least $400.0 million per annum over the duration of the five-year plan. Given the increased pace of activity through the joint venture, the sale of the 25% working interest will not have an impact on Tourmaline's anticipated 2015 production and reserves from the Peace River complex.
  • Future acquisitions within the Peace River High Joint Venture area will also be shared 75% Tourmaline and 25% Canadian Non-Operated Resources LP.
 
CORPORATE SUMMARY - THIRD QUARTER 2014
      
  Three Months Ended September 30,  Nine Months Ended September 30,
  2014 2013 Change  2014 2013 Change
OPERATIONS                 
Production                 
 Natural gas (mcf/d)  562,739  396,592 42%   550,685  381,025 45%
 Crude oil and NGL (bbl/d)  14,207  7,997 78%   15,077  7,486 101%
 Oil equivalent (boe/d)  107,997  74,096 46%   106,858  70,990 51%
                  
Product prices(1)                 
 Natural gas ($/mcf) $4.34 $3.30 32%  $4.79 $3.57 34%
 Crude oil and NGL ($/bbl) $74.61 $91.65 (19)%  $73.24 $89.27 (18)%
                  
Operating expenses ($/boe) $5.41 $4.36 24%  $5.20 $4.31 21%
                  
Transportation expenses ($/boe) $1.84 $2.01 (8)%  $1.88 $2.00 (6)%
                  
Operating netback ($/boe)(3) $22.19 $18.59 19%  $24.64 $19.99 23%
                  
Cash general & administrative expenses ($/boe)(2) $0.65 $0.68 (4)%  $0.62 $0.76 (18)%
                  
                  
FINANCIAL ($000, except per share)                 
Revenue  321,985  187,974 71%   1,021,790  553,750 85%
Royalties  29,549  17,798 66%   96,587  44,015 119%
                  
Cash flow(3)  211,635  120,560 76%   695,764  366,029 90%
Cash flow per share (diluted)(3) $1.03 $0.64 61%  $3.43 $1.96 75%
                  
Net earnings  67,357  9,163 635%   223,662  91,351 145%
Net earnings per share (diluted) $0.33 $0.05 560%  $1.10 $0.49 124%
                  
Capital expenditures  647,302  468,261 38%   1,411,431  817,475 73%
                  
Weighted average shares outstanding (diluted)           202,811,901  186,676,207 9%
                  
Net debt(3)           (1,258,913)  (689,355) 83%
                  
            

(1) Product prices include realized gains and losses on financial instrument contracts.
(2) Excluding interest and financing charges.
(3) See "Non-GAAP Financial Measures" in the attached Management's Discussion and Analysis.

Conference Call Tomorrow at 9:00 a.m. MT (11:00 a.m. ET)

Tourmaline will host a conference call tomorrow, November 6, 2014 starting at 9:00 a.m. MT (11:00 a.m. ET). To participate, please dial 1-800-766-6630 (toll-free in North America), or local dial-in 416-695-6616, a few minutes prior to the conference call. 

The conference call ID number is 1474782.

Forward-Looking Information

This press release contains forward-looking information within the meaning of applicable securities laws. The use of any of the words "forecast", "expect", "anticipate", "continue", "estimate", "objective", "ongoing", "may", "will", "project", "should", "believe", "plans", "intends" and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking information. More particularly and without limitation, this press release contains forward-looking information concerning Tourmaline's plans and other aspects of its anticipated future operations, management focus, objectives, strategies, financial, operating and production results and business opportunities, including anticipated petroleum and natural gas production for various periods, cash flows, capital spending, projected operating and drilling and other operational costs, debt levels, and debt to cash flow levels, full cycle profitability level of natural gas and oil assets, the timing for facility expansions and facility start-up dates, the timing, terms and completion of the joint venture on the Peace River High, as well as Tourmaline's future drilling prospects and plans, business strategy, future development and growth opportunities, prospects and asset base. The forward-looking information is based on certain key expectations and assumptions made by Tourmaline, including expectations and assumptions concerning: prevailing commodity prices and exchange rates; applicable royalty rates and tax laws; interest rates; future well production rates and reserve volumes; operating costs; the timing of receipt of regulatory approvals; the performance of existing wells; the success obtained in drilling new wells; anticipated timing and results of capital expenditures; the sufficiency of budgeted capital expenditures in carrying out planned activities; the timing, location and extent of future drilling operations; the successful completion of acquisitions and dispositions including the joint venture on the Peace River High; the availability and cost of labour and services; the state of the economy and the exploration and production business; the availability and cost of financing, labour and services; and ability to market oil and natural gas successfully.

Statements relating to "reserves" are also deemed to be forward looking statements, as they involve the implied assessment, based on certain estimates and assumptions, that the reserves described exist in the quantities predicted or estimated and that the reserves can be profitably produced in the future.

Although Tourmaline believes that the expectations and assumptions on which such forward-looking information is based are reasonable, undue reliance should not be placed on the forward-looking information because Tourmaline can give no assurances that they will prove to be correct. Since forward-looking information addresses future events and conditions, by its very nature it involves inherent risks and uncertainties. Actual results could differ materially from those currently anticipated due to a number of factors and risks. These include, but are not limited to: the risks associated with the oil and gas industry in general such as operational risks in development, exploration and production; delays or changes in plans with respect to exploration or development projects or capital expenditures; the uncertainty of estimates and projections relating to reserves, production, costs and expenses; health, safety and environmental risks; commodity price and exchange rate fluctuations; interest rate fluctuations; marketing and transportation; loss of markets; environmental risks; competition; incorrect assessment of the value of acquisitions; failure to complete or realize the anticipated benefits of acquisitions or dispositions; ability to access sufficient capital from internal and external sources; failure to obtain required regulatory and other approvals; and changes in legislation, including but not limited to tax laws, royalties and environmental regulations. Readers are cautioned that the foregoing list of factors is not exhaustive.

Also included in this press release are estimates of Tourmaline's 2015 annual cash flow and capital spending which are based on the various assumptions as to production levels, including estimated average production of 115,000 boepd for 2014 and 164,500 boepd for 2015, capital expenditures, and other assumptions disclosed in this press release and including commodity price assumptions for natural gas (AECO - $4.64 /mcf for 2014 and $4.25/mcf for 2015), and crude oil (WTI (US) - $96.94/bbl for 2014 and $92.08/bbl for 2015) and an exchange rate assumption of (US/CAD) $0.91 for 2014 and $0.89 for 2015. To the extent any such estimate constitutes a financial outlook, it was approved by management and the Board of Directors of Tourmaline on November 5, 2014 and is included to provide readers with an understanding of Tourmaline's anticipated cash flows based on the capital expenditure and other assumptions described herein and readers are cautioned that the information may not be appropriate for other purposes.

Additional information on these and other factors that could affect Tourmaline, or its operations or financial results, are included in the Company's most recently filed Management's Discussion and Analysis (See "Forward-Looking Statements" therein) , Annual Information Form (See "Risk Factors" and "Forward-Looking Statements" therein) and other reports on file with applicable securities regulatory authorities and may be accessed through the SEDAR website (www.sedar.com) or Tourmaline's website (www.tourmalineoil.com).

The forward-looking information contained in this press release is made as of the date hereof and Tourmaline undertakes no obligation to update publicly or revise any forward-looking information, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, unless expressly required by applicable securities laws.

See also "Forward-Looking Statements" in the attached Management's Discussion and Analysis.

Additional Reader Advisories

Boe Conversions

Boes may be misleading, particularly if used in isolation. A boe conversion ratio of 6 mcf:1 bbl is based on an energy equivalency conversion method primarily applicable at the burner tip and does not represent a value equivalency at the wellhead. As the value ratio between natural gas and crude oil based on the current prices of natural gas and crude oil is significantly different from the energy equivalency of 6:1, utilizing a 6:1 conversion basis may be misleading as an indication of value.

Production Tests

Any references in this release to IP rates are useful in confirming the presence of hydrocarbons, however, such rates are not determinative of the rates at which such wells will continue to produce and decline thereafter and are not necessarily indicative of long-term performance or ultimate recovery. While encouraging, readers are cautioned not to place reliance on such rates in calculating the aggregate production for the Company. Such rates are based on field estimates and may be based on limited data available at this time and are based on tests of 3-5 days in duration unless otherwise stated.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

This press release includes references to financial measures commonly used in the oil and gas industry, "cash flow", "operating netback" and "net debt", which do not have standardized meanings prescribed by International Financial Reporting Standards ("GAAP"). Accordingly, the Company's use of these terms may not be comparable to similarly defined measures presented by other companies. Management uses the terms "cash flow", "operating netback", and "net debt", for its own performance measures and to provide shareholders and potential investors with a measurement of the Company's efficiency and its ability to generate the cash necessary to fund a portion of its future growth expenditures or to repay debt. Investors are cautioned that the non-GAAP measures should not be construed as an alternative to net income determined in accordance with GAAP as an indication of the Company's performance. See "Non-GAAP Financial Measures" in the attached Management's Discussion and Analysis for the definition and description of these terms.

Certain Definitions

   
bbls barrels
boe barrel of oil equivalent
boepd barrel of oil equivalent per day
bopd barrel of oil, condensate or liquids per day
gjsd gigajoules per day
mmboe millions of barrels of oil equivalent
mbbls thousand barrels
mmcf million cubic feet
mcf thousand cubic feet
mmcfpd million cubic feet per day
mmcfpde million cubic feet per day equivalent
mcfe thousand cubic feet equivalent
mmbtu million British thermal units
mstboe thousand stock tank barrels of oil equivalent
   

MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS

This management's discussion and analysis ("MD&A") should be read in conjunction with Tourmaline's unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes as at and for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014 and the consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2013. Both the consolidated financial statements and the MD&A can be found at www.sedar.com. This MD&A is dated November 5, 2014.

The financial information contained herein has been prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards ("IFRS") and sometimes referred to in this MD&A as Generally Accepted Accounting Principles ("GAAP") as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board ("IASB"). All dollar amounts are expressed in Canadian currency, unless otherwise noted.

Certain financial measures referred to in this MD&A are not prescribed by IFRS. See "Non-GAAP Financial Measures" for information regarding the following non-GAAP financial measures used in this MD&A: "cash flow", "operating netback", "working capital (adjusted for the fair value of financial instruments)", "net debt", "adjusted EBITDA", "senior debt", "total debt", and "total capitalization".

Additional information relating to Tourmaline can be found at www.sedar.com.

Forward-Looking Statements - Certain information regarding Tourmaline set forth in this document, including management's assessment of the Company's future plans and operations, contains forward-looking statements that involve substantial known and unknown risks and uncertainties. The use of any of the words "anticipate", "continue", "estimate", "expect", "may", "will", "project", "should", "believe" and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. Such statements represent Tourmaline's internal projections, estimates or beliefs concerning, among other things, an outlook on the estimated amounts and timing of capital investment, anticipated future debt, expenses, production, cash flow and revenues or other expectations, beliefs, plans, objectives, assumptions, intentions or statements about future events or performance. These statements are only predictions and actual events or results may differ materially. Although Tourmaline believes that the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements are reasonable, it cannot guarantee future results, levels of activity, performance or achievement since such expectations are inherently subject to significant business, economic, competitive, political and social uncertainties and contingencies. Many factors could cause Tourmaline's actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied in any forward-looking statements made by, or on behalf of, Tourmaline.

In particular, forward-looking statements included in this MD&A include, but are not limited to, statements with respect to: the size of, and future net revenues and cash flow from, crude oil, NGL (natural gas liquids) and natural gas reserves; future prospects; the focus of and timing of capital expenditures; expectations regarding the ability to raise capital and to continually add to reserves through acquisitions and development; access to debt and equity markets; projections of market prices and costs; the performance characteristics of the Company's crude oil, NGL and natural gas properties; crude oil, NGL and natural gas production levels and product mix; Tourmaline's future operating and financial results; capital investment programs; supply and demand for crude oil, NGL and natural gas; future royalty rates; drilling, development and completion plans and the results therefrom; future land expiries; dispositions and joint venture arrangements; amount of operating, transportation and general and administrative expenses; treatment under governmental regulatory regimes and tax laws; and estimated tax pool balances. In addition, statements relating to "reserves" are deemed to be forward-looking statements, as they involve the implied assessment, based on certain estimates and assumptions, that the reserves described can be profitably produced in the future.

These forward-looking statements are subject to numerous risks and uncertainties, most of which are beyond the Company's control, including the impact of general economic conditions; volatility in market prices for crude oil, NGL and natural gas; industry conditions; currency fluctuation; imprecision of reserve estimates; liabilities inherent in crude oil, NGL and natural gas operations; environmental risks; incorrect assessments of the value of acquisitions and exploration and development programs; competition; the lack of availability of qualified personnel or management; changes in income tax laws and incentive programs relating to the oil and gas industry; hazards such as fire, explosion, blowouts, cratering, and spills, any of which could result in substantial damage to wells, production facilities, other property and the environment or in personal injury; stock market volatility; ability to access sufficient capital from internal and external sources; the receipt of applicable approvals; and the other risks considered under "Risk Factors" in Tourmaline's most recent annual information form available at www.sedar.com.

With respect to forward-looking statements contained in this MD&A, Tourmaline has made assumptions regarding: future commodity prices and royalty regimes; availability of skilled labour; timing and amount of capital expenditures; future exchange rates; the impact of increasing competition; conditions in general economic and financial markets; availability of drilling and related equipment and services; effects of regulation by governmental agencies; and future operating costs.

Management has included the above summary of assumptions and risks related to forward-looking information provided in this MD&A in order to provide readers with a more complete perspective on Tourmaline's future operations and such information may not be appropriate for other purposes. Tourmaline's actual results, performance or achievement could differ materially from those expressed in, or implied by, these forward-looking statements and, accordingly, no assurance can be given that any of the events anticipated by the forward-looking statements will transpire or occur, or if any of them do so, what benefits that the Company will derive therefrom. Readers are cautioned that the foregoing lists of factors are not exhaustive.

These forward-looking statements are made as of the date of this MD&A and the Company disclaims any intent or obligation to update publicly any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or results or otherwise, other than as required by applicable securities laws.

Boe Conversions - Per barrel of oil equivalent amounts have been calculated using a conversion rate of six thousand cubic feet of natural gas to one barrel of oil equivalent (6:1). Barrel of oil equivalents (boe) may be misleading, particularly if used in isolation. A boe conversion ratio of 6 mcf:1 bbl is based on an energy equivalency conversion method primarily applicable at the burner tip and does not represent a value equivalency at the wellhead. In addition, as the value ratio between natural gas and crude oil based on current prices of natural gas and crude oil is significantly different from the energy equivalency of 6:1, utilizing a conversion on a 6:1 basis may be misleading as an indication of value.

PRODUCTION

     
  Three Months Ended
September 30,
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
  2014 2013 Change 2014 2013 Change
Natural gas (mcf/d) 562,739 396,592 42% 550,685 381,025 45%
Oil (bbl/d) 9,002 5,845 54% 9,136 5,645 62%
NGL (bbl/d) 5,205 2,152 142% 5,941 1,841 223%
Oil equivalent (boe/d) 107,997 74,096 46% 106,858 70,990 51%
       

Production for the three months ended September 30, 2014 averaged 107,997 boe/d, a 46% increase over the average production for the same quarter of 2013 of 74,096 boe/d. For the nine months ended September 30, 2014, production increased 51% to 106,858 boe/d from 70,990 boe/d for the same period in 2013. The Company's significant production growth, when compared to 2013, can be primarily attributed to new wells that have been brought on-stream since September 30, 2013, as well as property and corporate acquisitions. Production was 87% natural gas weighted in the third quarter of 2014 compared to 89% in the third quarter of 2013. The accelerated growth in oil and NGL production is the result of increased drilling in the Spirit River/Peace River High Charlie Lake oil plays, incremental liquids recovered in the Wild River area via deep cut processing, which began in late 2013, and strong condensate recoveries from new wells tied-in in N.E.B.C.

Full-year average production guidance for 2014 was revised to 115,000 from 120,000 boe/d (as disclosed in the Company's press release dated October 20, 2014). This reduction in full-year guidance is due to facility project delays, as well as unscheduled downtime relating to third-party facilities and pipelines.

REVENUE

      
  Three Months Ended
September 30,
 Nine Months Ended
September 30,
(000s)   2014   2013 Change    2014   2013 Change
Revenue from:                     
 Natural gas $ 224,468 $ 120,547 86%  $ 720,338 $ 371,324 94%
 Oil and NGL   97,517   67,427 45%    301,452   182,426 65%
Total revenue from natural gas, oil and NGL sales $ 321,985 $ 187,974 71%  $ 1,021,790 $ 553,750 85%
            

Revenue for the three months ended September 30, 2014 increased 71% to $322.0 million from $188.0 million for the same quarter of 2013. Revenue for the nine-month period ended September 30, 2014 grew 85% from $553.8 million in 2013 to $1,021.8 million in 2014. Revenue growth is consistent with the increase in production and the rise in natural gas prices for the same periods, partially offset by weaker NGL prices. Revenue includes all petroleum, natural gas and NGL sales and realized gain (loss) on financial instruments.

TOURMALINE PRICES:

     
  Three Months Ended
September 30,
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
    2014   2013 Change   2014   2013 Change
Natural gas ($/mcf) $ 4.34 $ 3.30 32% $ 4.79 $ 3.57 34%
Oil ($/bbl) $ 94.77 $ 100.40 (6)% $ 95.84 $ 96.65 (1)%
NGL ($/bbl) $ 39.74 $ 67.89 (41)% $ 38.49 $ 66.61 (42)%
Oil equivalent ($/boe) $ 32.41 $ 27.58 18% $ 35.03 $ 28.57 23%
           

BENCHMARK GAS AND OIL PRICES:

   
  Three Months Ended September 30,
    2014   2013 Change
Natural gas          
 NYMEX Henry Hub (USD$/mcf) $ 3.95 $ 3.56 11%
 AECO (CAD$/mcf) $ 4.03 $ 2.45 64%
Oil          
 NYMEX (USD$/bbl) $ 97.25 $ 105.81 (8)%
 Edmonton Par (CAD$/bbl) $ 97.11 $ 105.36 (8)%
       

RECONCILIATION OF AECO INDEX TO TOURMALINE'S REALIZED GAS PRICES:

   
   
  Three Months Ended September 30,
($/mcf)   2014   2013 Change
AECO index $ 4.03 $ 2.45 64%
Heat/quality differential   0.28   0.30 (7)%
Realized gain (loss)   0.03   0.55 (95)%
Tourmaline realized natural gas price $ 4.34 $ 3.30 32%
      
      

CURRENCY - EXCHANGE RATES:

   
  Three Months Ended September 30,
    2014   2013 Change
CAD$/USD$ $ 0.9186 $ 0.9627 (5)%
      

The realized average natural gas price for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014 was 32% and 34%, respectively, higher than the same periods of the prior year. The higher natural gas price reflects the higher AECO prices experienced during the periods. Included in the realized price is a gain on commodity contracts in the third quarter of 2014 of $1.5 million (nine months ended September 30, 2014 - loss of $41.9 million) compared to a gain of $20.1 million for the same period of the prior year (nine months ended September 30, 2013 - gain of $26.5 million). Realized gains on commodity contracts for the quarter ended September 30, 2014 have decreased compared to the same period of the prior year as the market price of natural gas has strengthened relative to the pricing per the commodity contracts in place. Realized prices exclude the effect of unrealized gains or losses on commodity contracts. Once these gains and losses are realized they are included in the per-unit amounts. The realized natural gas price for the three months ended September 30, 2014 includes a 7% premium to AECO pricing received due to the higher heat content (three months ended September 30, 2013 - 12%).

Realized oil prices were relatively unchanged for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014. For the three-month period ending September 30, 2014, NGL prices decreased 41% from $67.89/bbl to $39.74/bbl, when compared to the same period in 2013. NGL prices decreased 42% for the nine-month period ended September 30, 2014, when compared to the same period of the prior year. The proportion of ethane in the NGL mix, which is priced significantly lower than the other products, increased from approximately 9% in the third quarter of 2013 to 38% in the third quarter of 2014 due to deep cut processing in the Wild River area of Alberta, resulting in a corresponding decrease in the realized NGL pricing. The economics of the deep cut processing activities are favourable when compared to leaving the ethane in the natural gas stream.

ROYALTIES

     
  Three Months Ended
September 30,
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
(000s)   2014   2013   2014   2013
Natural gas $ 14,240 $ 7,709 $ 54,712 $ 19,756
Oil and NGL   15,309   10,089   41,875   24,259
Total royalties $ 29,549 $ 17,798 $ 96,587 $ 44,015
Royalties as a percentage of revenue   9.2%   9.5%   9.5%   7.9%
         

For the quarter ended September 30, 2014, the average effective royalty rate of 9.2% remained consistent with the rate of 9.5% for the same quarter of 2013. For the nine-month period ended September 30, 2014, the average effective royalty rate increased from 7.9% in 2013 to 9.5% in 2014. The increase in the year-to-date average effective royalty rate for 2014 can be attributed to higher oil and NGL production which have higher royalty rates, as well as an increase in natural gas prices. Royalty rates are impacted by changes in commodity prices whereby the rate increases when prices increase.

The Company continues to benefit from the New Well Royalty Reduction Program and the Natural Gas Deep Drilling Program in Alberta, as well as the Deep Royalty Credit Program in British Columbia. 

The Company expects its royalty rate for 2014 to remain at approximately 10%. The royalty rate is however sensitive to commodity prices and product mixes, and as such, a change in commodity prices or product mix will impact the actual rate.

OTHER INCOME

     
  Three Months Ended
September 30,
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
(000s)   2014   2013 Change   2014   2013 Change
Other income $ 3,544 $ 1,663 113% $ 12,945 $ 4,231 206%
           

Other income increased from $1.7 million in the third quarter of 2013 to $3.5 million in 2014. For the nine-month period ended September 30, 2014, other income increased from $4.2 million in 2013 to $12.9 million in 2014. The increase in processing income is mainly due to fees charged to working interest partners on Tourmaline-operated wells where gas is being processed through the Company-owned Banshee and Hinton gas processing plants. Tourmaline has experienced rapid growth in production volumes in these areas.

OPERATING EXPENSES

     
  Three Months Ended
September 30,
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
(000s) except per-unit amounts   2014   2013 Change   2014   2013 Change
Operating expenses $ 53,758 $ 29,718 81% $ 151,645 $ 83,494 82%
Per boe $ 5.41 $ 4.36 24% $ 5.20 $ 4.31 21%
           

Operating expenses include all periodic lease and field-level expenses and exclude income recoveries from processing third-party volumes. For the third quarter of 2014, total operating expenses were $53.8 million compared to $29.7 million in 2013. Operating costs for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 were $151.6 million, compared to $83.5 million for the same period in 2013, reflecting increased costs relating to the growing production base.

On a per-boe basis, the costs increased from $4.36/boe for the third quarter of 2013 to $5.41/boe in the third quarter of 2014. For the nine months ended September 30, 2014, operating costs increased to $5.20/boe from $4.31/boe in the prior year. The production of oil and NGLs incurs higher per-unit operating costs compared to natural gas. As the Company's production profile becomes more heavily weighted to oil and NGLs, we anticipate an increase in per-unit operating expenses. The per-unit operating costs in the Wild River area have also increased as approximately 70 mmcfpd of natural gas is being processed through third-party fractionation facilities in an effort to recover more valuable natural gas liquids. The Company's operating expenses also increased with the addition of volumes from the Santonia acquisition, which were subject to higher per-unit costs. It is expected that as this new production is processed through Tourmaline facilities and is subject to the same efficiencies, the costs associated with these incremental volumes will fall more in line with the corporate average. 

The Company's operating expenses in the third quarter of 2014 include third-party processing, gathering, and compression fees of approximately $13.3 million or 25% of total operating costs (three months ended September 30, 2013 - $8.7 million or 29% of total operating costs). For the nine-month period ended September 30, 2014, the Company's operating expenses included $40.7 million related to third-party processing, gathering and compression fees (27% of total operating costs) compared to $24.4 million (29% of total operating costs) for the same period in the prior year.

The Company expects its full year 2014 operating costs to average approximately $5.05/boe, which has increased from previous guidance of $4.90/boe (as disclosed in the Company's MD&A dated August 6, 2014). Forecast operating costs have been increased to reflect the growth in oil and NGL production as well as additional costs for processing and fractionation of liquids extracted through deep cut facilities. The Company expects unit operating costs in the Peace River High Charlie Lake oil play to decrease from current levels as permanent processing facilities are brought into service during 2015. Actual costs per boe can change depending on a number of factors including the Company's actual production levels.

TRANSPORTATION

     
  Three Months Ended
September 30,
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
(000s) except per-unit amounts   2014   2013 Change   2014   2013 Change
Natural gas transportation $ 13,285 $ 9,404 41% $ 37,910 $ 26,451 43%
Oil and NGL transportation   4,950   4,298 15%   16,956   12,328 38%
Total transportation $ 18,235 $ 13,702 33% $ 54,866 $ 38,779 41%
Per boe $ 1.84 $ 2.01 (8)% $ 1.88 $ 2.00 (6)%
           

Transportation costs for the three months ended September 30, 2014 were $18.2 million or $1.84/boe compared to $13.7 million or $2.01/boe for the same period of the prior year. For the nine months ended September 30, 2014, transportation costs were $54.9 million or $1.88/boe compared to $38.8 million or $2.00/boe for the first nine months of 2013. Total transportation costs for the three and nine month periods increased as a result of higher production volumes. The decrease in per-unit transportation costs for the three and nine month periods ending September 30, 2014 is due to the decreased use of more expensive truck and rail transportation, as facilities and facility interconnects were commissioned throughout 2014.

GENERAL & ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES ("G&A")

     
  Three Months Ended
September 30,
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
(000s) except per-unit amounts   2014   2013 Change   2014   2013 Change
G&A expenses $ 11,548 $ 9,791 18% $ 34,445 $ 27,227 27%
Administrative and capital recovery   (336)   (606) (45)%   (2,519)   (1,332) 89%
Capitalized G&A   (4,753)   (4,519) 5%   (13,718)   (11,072) 24%
Total G&A expenses $ 6,459 $ 4,666 38% $ 18,208 $ 14,823 23%
Per boe $ 0.65 $ 0.68 (4)% $ 0.62 $ 0.76 (18)%
           

G&A expenses for the third quarter of 2014 were $6.5 million ($0.65/boe) compared to $4.7 million ($0.68/boe) for the same quarter of the prior year. G&A expenses for the nine-month period ended September 30, 2014 were $18.2 million ($0.62/boe) compared to $14.8 million ($0.76/boe) for the same period in 2013. The increase in G&A expenses in 2014 compared to 2013 is primarily due to staff additions needed to manage the larger production, reserve and land base, as well as the higher drilling rig count. The Company increased its staff count by approximately 30% from September 2013 to September 2014. The decrease in G&A expenses per boe reflects Tourmaline's growing production base which continues to increase at a faster rate than the accompanying G&A costs.

G&A costs for 2014 are expected to be approximately $0.60/boe. Actual costs per boe can change, however, depending on a number of factors including the Company's actual production levels.

SHARE-BASED PAYMENTS

        
  Three Months Ended
September 30,
 Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
(000s) except per-unit amounts   2014    2013    2014    2013  
Share-based payments $ 14,668  $ 10,882  $ 41,682  $ 27,026  
Capitalized share-based payments   (7,334 )  (5,441 )  (20,841 )  (13,513 )
Total share-based payments $ 7,334  $ 5,441  $ 20,841  $ 13,513  
Per boe $ 0.74  $ 0.80  $ 0.71  $ 0.70  
             

The Company uses the fair value method for the determination of non-cash related share-based payments expense. During the third quarter of 2014, 785,000 stock options were granted to employees, officers, directors and key consultants at a weighted-average exercise price of $52.64 and 242,102 options were exercised, bringing $5.0 million of cash into treasury. 

The Company recognized $7.3 million of share-based payments expense in the third quarter of 2014 compared to $5.4 million in the third quarter of 2013. Capitalized share-based payments for the third quarter of 2014 were $7.3 million compared to $5.4 million for the same quarter of the prior year. 

For the nine months ended September 30, 2014, share-based payment expense totalled $20.8 million and a further $20.8 million in share-based payments were capitalized (nine months ended September 30, 2013 - $13.5 million and $13.5 million, respectively). Share-based payments are higher in 2014 compared to the same periods in 2013, which reflects the increased value attributed to the options and a higher number of options outstanding.

DEPLETION, DEPRECIATION AND AMORTIZATION ("DD&A")

        
  Three Months Ended
September 30,
 Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
(000s) except per-unit amounts   2014    2013    2014    2013  
Total depletion, depreciation and amortization $ 123,919  $ 96,250  $ 366,556  $ 259,990  
Less mineral lease expiries   (1,106 )  (15,819 )  (14,415 )  (30,845 )
Depletion, depreciation and amortization $ 122,813  $ 80,431  $ 352,141  $ 229,145  
Per boe $ 12.36  $ 11.80  $ 12.07  $ 11.82  
             

DD&A expense, excluding mineral lease expiries, was $122.8 million for the third quarter of 2014 compared to $80.4 million for the same period of 2013. For the nine-month period ended September 30, 2014, DD&A expense (excluding mineral lease expires) was $352.1 million compared to $229.1 million in the same period of 2013. The increase in DD&A expense in 2014 over the same periods in 2013 is due to higher production volumes, as well as a larger capital asset base being depleted.

The per-unit DD&A rate (excluding the impact of mineral lease expiries) was $12.36/boe for the third quarter of 2014 compared to the rate of $11.80/boe for the same quarter in 2013. The per-unit DD&A rate (excluding the impact of mineral lease expiries) was $12.07/boe for the nine-month period ended September 30, 2014 compared to the rate of $11.82/boe in the same period of the prior year.

Mineral lease expiries for the three months ended September 30, 2014 were $1.1 million, compared to expiries in the same quarter of the prior year of $15.8 million. For the nine months ended September 30, 2014 expiries were $14.4 million compared with $30.8 million for the same period in 2013. The Company's aggressive drilling program in 2014 has allowed for an increased number of leases to be continued, thereby reducing expiries.

FINANCE EXPENSES

     
  Three Months Ended
September 30,
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
(000s)   2014   2013 Change   2014   2013 Change
Interest expense $ 5,793 $ 2,692 115% $ 16,112 $ 8,669 86%
Accretion expense   594   533 11%   1,755   1,412 24%
Transaction costs on corporate and property acquisitions   -   421 (100)%   1,496   1,091 37%
Total finance expenses $ 6,387 $ 3,646 75% $ 19,363 $ 11,172 73%
           

Finance expenses are comprised of interest expense, accretion of provisions and transaction costs associated with corporate and property acquisitions. Finance expenses for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014 totalled $6.4 million and $19.4 million, respectively (three and nine months ended September 30, 2013 - $3.6 million and $11.2 million, respectively). The increase in finance expenses in 2014 over 2013 is mainly due to the higher average bank debt outstanding, partially offset by a lower average effective interest rate. The average bank debt outstanding for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 was $639.2 million (September 30, 2013 - $311.2 million), with an average effective interest rate of 2.99% (2013 - 3.06%).

DEFERRED INCOME TAXES

For the three months ended September 30, 2014, the provision for deferred income tax expense was $29.3 million compared to $8.8 million for the same period in 2013. For the nine-month period ended September 30, 2014, the provision for deferred income tax expense was $87.4 million compared to $42.7 million for the same period in 2013. The increase is consistent with the higher pre-tax earnings recorded in the third quarter and first nine months of 2014 compared to the respective periods in 2013.

CASH FLOW FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES, CASH FLOW AND NET EARNINGS

     
  Three Months Ended
September 30,
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
(000s) except per-unit amounts   2014   2013 Change   2014   2013 Change
Cash flow from operating activities $ 233,047 $ 128,192 82% $ 714,193 $ 350,387 104%
 Per share(1) $ 1.13 $ 0.68 66% $ 3.52 $ 1.88 87%
Cash flow (2) $ 211,635 $ 120,560 76% $ 695,764 $ 366,029 90%
 Per share (1) (2) $ 1.03 $ 0.64 61% $ 3.43 $ 1.96 75%
Net earnings $ 67,357 $ 9,163 635% $ 223,662 $ 91,351 145%
 Per share (1) $ 0.33 $ 0.05 560% $ 1.10 $ 0.49 124%
Operating netback per boe (2) $ 22.19 $ 18.59 19% $ 24.64 $ 19.99 23%
           

(1)  Fully   diluted
(2) See "Non-GAAP Financial Measures"                 

Cash flow for the three months ended September 30, 2014 was $211.6 million or $1.03 per diluted share compared to $120.6 million or $0.64 per diluted share for the same period of 2013. Cash flow for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 was $695.8 million or $3.43 per diluted share compared to $366.0 million or $1.96 per diluted share for the same period of 2013. 

The Company had after-tax earnings for the three months ended September 30, 2014 of $67.4 million or $0.33 per diluted share compared to $9.2 million or $0.05 per diluted share for the same period of 2013. For the nine-month period ended September 30, 2014, after-tax earnings were $223.7 million or $1.10 per diluted share compared to $91.4 million or $0.49 per diluted share for the corresponding period of 2013. The increase in both cash flow and after-tax earnings in 2014 reflects higher realized natural gas prices, as well as a significant increase in production over 2013.

CAPITAL EXPENDITURES

        
  Three Months Ended
September 30,
 Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
(000s)   2014    2013    2014    2013  
Land and seismic $ 11,973  $ 17,566  $ 49,123  $ 34,348  
Drilling and completions   354,715    205,324    772,750    441,327  
Facilities   277,771    132,097    572,369    263,800  
Property acquisitions   -    108,763    4,777    144,746  
Property dispositions   (2,425 )  (100 )  (2,525 )  (78,045 )
Other   5,268    4,611    14,937    11,299  
Total cash capital expenditures $ 647,302  $ 468,261  $ 1,411,431  $ 817,475  
             

During the third quarter of 2014, the Company invested $647.3 million of cash consideration, net of dispositions, compared to $468.3 million for the same period of 2013. Expenditures on exploration and production were $644.5 million compared to $355.0 million for the same quarter of 2013, which is consistent with the Company's aggressive growth strategy which includes the increase to a 20-rig drilling program up from the average program of 15 rigs for the third quarter of 2013. For the nine-month period ended September 30, 2014, the Company invested $1,411.4 million of cash consideration, net of dispositions, compared to $817.5 million for the same period in 2013. Expenditures on exploration and production were $1,394.2 million compared with $739.5 million for the same period in 2013.

The growth in facilities expenditures includes work on the completion of the 50 mmcfpd facilities at each of Doe and Musreau as well as a new 50 mmcfpd facility at Sundown commissioned in September 2014. Significant expenditures were also made at the new sour gas processing Spirit River gas plant (30 mmcfpd) to be put into service in mid-November and the 50 mmcfpd expansion at Wild River, scheduled to be on-stream in December 2014. It also includes several large pipeline lateral projects. These pipeline projects are intended to optimize transportation of natural gas to Tourmaline operated processing facilities.

The following table summarizes the drill, complete and tie-in activities for the periods:

     
  Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2014
Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2013
  Gross Net Gross Net
Drilled 140 121.49 81 72.45
Completed 127 112.08 72 66.27
Tied-in 57 50.81 33 31.69
     

Corporate Acquisition

On April 24, 2014, the Company acquired all of the issued and outstanding shares of Santonia Energy Inc. ("Santonia"). As consideration, the Company issued 3,228,234 common shares at a price of $54.94 per share. Total transaction costs incurred by the Company of $1.5 million associated with this acquisition were expensed in the interim consolidated statement of income and comprehensive income. The acquisition resulted in an increase in Property, Plant and Equipment ("PP&E") of approximately $167.5 million and an increase to Exploration and Evaluation ("E&E") assets of $19.1 million. The acquisition of Santonia provides for an increase in lands and production in a highly profitable core area of the Alberta Deep Basin. 

LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

On February 12, 2014, the Company issued 4.615 million common shares at a price of $47.50 per share for total gross proceeds of $219.2 million. The proceeds were used to temporarily reduce bank debt and were used to fund the Company's 2014 exploration and development program.

On April 24, 2014, the Company closed the acquisition of Santonia Energy Inc. ("Santonia") with the issuance of 3.228 million Tourmaline shares at $54.94 per Tourmaline share, for consideration of $177.4 million. The Company also assumed Santonia's net debt of $40.6 million, which included $8.9 million in transaction costs.

On June 2, 2014, the Company issued 1.15 million flow-through common shares at a price of $68.15 per share, for total gross proceeds of $78.4 million. The proceeds were used to temporarily reduce bank debt and to fund the Company's 2014 exploration and development program.

On October 29, 2014, the Company entered into an agreement to sell a 25% working interest in the Peace River High complex for cash consideration of $500.0 million. The sale is scheduled to close in December 2014, and is subject to final terms and conditions. The Company will continue to be the operator of all the jointly-controlled assets.

The Company has a covenant-based bank credit facility in place with a syndicate of bankers, the details of which are described in note 9 of the Company's consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2013. In May 2014, the facility was increased to $1.3 billion from $900 million, with an initial maturity of June 2017. The revisions to the credit facility included the removal of the "adjusted EBITDA to interest expense" covenant as well as a revision to the definition of senior debt to mean generally the indebtedness, liabilities and obligations of the Company to the lenders under the credit facility. In September 2014, the facility was further increased to $1.6 billion, with the same terms and conditions as were set in the May 2014 revision.

On November 3, 2014, the Company entered into a five-year term loan agreement with a Canadian Chartered Bank for $250.0 million, bearing an interest rate of 240 basis points over the applicable bankers' acceptance rate. The covenants for the term loan are similar to those under the Company's current credit facility and the term loan will rank equally with the obligations under the Company's credit facility. Proceeds from the term loan will be used to repay a portion of the current outstanding bank debt.

The Company's aggregate borrowing capacity is now $1.85 billion. The increase in borrowing capacity will provide the Company with greater flexibility when executing its capital program.

As at September 30, 2014, the Company had negative working capital of $495.2 million, after adjusting for the fair value of financial instruments (the unadjusted working capital deficiency was $493.2 million) (December 31, 2013 - $242.6 million and $245.3 million, respectively). As at September 30, 2014, the Company had $763.7 million drawn on its credit facility (December 31, 2013 - $590.3 million), and net debt was $1,258.9 million (December 31, 2013 - $832.9 million). Management believes the Company has sufficient liquidity and capital resources to fund the remainder of its 2014 and its 2015 exploration and development programs through expected cash flow from operations and its unutilized borrowing capacity.

SHARES AND STOCK OPTIONS OUTSTANDING

As at November 5, 2014, the Company has 201,744,726 common shares outstanding and 15,314,722 stock options granted and outstanding.

COMMITMENTS AND CONTRACTUAL OBLIGATIONS

In the normal course of business, the Company is obligated to make future payments. These obligations represent contracts and other commitments that are known and non-cancellable.

                     
Payments Due by Year (000s)   1 Year   2-3 Years   4-5 Years   >5 Years   Total
Operating leases $ 4,310 $ 10,004 $ 10,027 $ 2,467 $ 26,808
Flow-through obligations   -   27,109   -   -   27,109
Firm transportation and processing agreements   100,353   435,237   244,396   489,791   1,269,777
Bank debt(1)   -   827,817   -   -   827,817
  $ 104,663 $ 1,300,167 $ 254,423 $ 492,258 $ 2,151,511
           

(1) Includes interest expense at an annual rate of 2.77% being the rate applicable to outstanding bank debt at September 30, 2014.

OFF BALANCE SHEET ARRANGEMENTS

The Company has certain lease arrangements, all of which are reflected in the commitments and contractual obligations table, which were entered into in the normal course of operations. All leases have been treated as operating leases whereby the lease payments are included in operating expenses or general and administrative expenses depending on the nature of the lease.

FINANCIAL RISK MANAGEMENT

The Board of Directors has overall responsibility for the establishment and oversight of the Company's risk management framework. The Board has implemented and monitors compliance with risk management policies.

The Company's risk management policies are established to identify and analyze the risks faced by the Company, to set appropriate risk limits and controls, and to monitor risks and adherence to market conditions and the Company's activities. The Company's financial risks are discussed in note 5 of the Company's audited consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2013.

As at September 30, 2014, the Company has entered into certain financial derivative contracts in order to manage commodity price risk. These instruments are not used for trading or speculative purposes. The Company has not designated its financial derivative contracts as effective accounting hedges, even though the Company considers all commodity contracts to be effective economic hedges. Such financial derivative commodity contracts are recorded on the consolidated statement of financial position at fair value, with changes in the fair value being recognized as an unrealized gain or loss on the consolidated statement of income and comprehensive income. The contracts that the Company has in place at September 30, 2014 are summarized and disclosed in note 3 of the Company's interim condensed consolidated financial statements for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013.

The following table provides a summary of the unrealized gains (losses) on financial instruments for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013:

        
  Three Months Ended
September 30,
 Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
(000s)   2014   2013    2014   2013  
Unrealized gain (loss) on financial instruments $ 15,606 $ (4,701 )$ 4,429 $ (5,199 )
           

The Company has entered into physical delivery sales contracts to manage commodity risk. These contracts are considered normal sales contracts and are not recorded at fair value in the consolidated financial statements. Physical contracts in place at September 30, 2014 have been summarized and disclosed in note 3 of the Company's interim condensed consolidated financial statements for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013.

There were no financial derivative or physical delivery contracts entered into subsequent to September 30, 2014.

APPLICATION OF CRITICAL ACCOUNTING ESTIMATES

Certain accounting policies require that management make appropriate decisions with respect to the formulation of estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses. Management reviews its estimates on a regular basis. The emergence of new information and changed circumstances may result in actual results or changes to estimates that differ materially from current estimates. The Company's use of estimates and judgments in preparing the interim condensed consolidated financial statements is discussed in note 1 of the consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2013.

DISCLOSURE CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES AND INTERNAL CONTROLS OVER FINANCIAL REPORTING

The Company's Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer have designed, or caused to be designed under their supervision, disclosure controls and procedures ("DC&P"), as defined by National Instrument 52-109 Certification, to provide reasonable assurance that: (i) material information relating to the Company is made known to the Company's Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer by others, particularly during the periods in which the annual and interim filings are being prepared; and (ii) information required to be disclosed by the Company in its annual filings, interim filings or other reports filed or submitted by it under securities legislation is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time period specified in securities legislation.

The Company's Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer have designed, or caused to be designed under their supervision, internal controls over financial reporting ("ICFR"), as defined by National Instrument 52-109, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of the Company's financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with IFRS.

There were no changes in the Company's DC&P or ICFR during the period beginning on July 1, 2014 and ending on September 30, 2014 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company's ICFR. It should be noted that a control system, including the Company's disclosure and internal controls and procedures, no matter how well conceived can provide only reasonable, but not absolute assurance that the objectives of the control system will be met and it should not be expected that the disclosure and internal controls and procedures will prevent all errors or fraud.

BUSINESS RISKS AND UNCERTAINTIES

Tourmaline monitors and complies with current government regulations that affect its activities, although operations may be adversely affected by changes in government policy, regulations or taxation. In addition, Tourmaline maintains a level of liability, property and business interruption insurance which is believed to be adequate for Tourmaline's size and activities, but is unable to obtain insurance to cover all risks within the business or in amounts to cover all possible claims.

See "Forward-Looking Statements" in this MD&A and "Risk Factors" in Tourmaline's most recent annual information form for additional information regarding the risks to which Tourmaline and its business and operations are subject.

IMPACT OF NEW ENVIRONMENTAL REGULATIONS

The oil and gas industry is currently subject to regulation pursuant to a variety of provincial and federal environmental legislation, all of which is subject to governmental review and revision from time to time. Such legislation provides for, among other things, restrictions and prohibitions on the spill, release or emission of various substances produced in association with certain oil and gas industry operations, such as sulphur dioxide and nitrous oxide. In addition, such legislation sets out the requirements with respect to oilfield waste handling and storage, habitat protection and the satisfactory operation, maintenance, abandonment and reclamation of well and facility sites. Compliance with such legislation can require significant expenditures and a breach of such requirements may result in suspension or revocation of necessary licenses and authorizations, civil liability and the imposition of material fines and penalties.

The use of fracture stimulations has been ongoing safely in an environmentally responsible manner in western Canada for decades. With the increase in the use of fracture stimulations in horizontal wells there is increased communication between the oil and natural gas industry and a wider variety of stakeholders regarding the responsible use of this technology. This increased attention to fracture stimulations may result in increased regulation or changes of law which may make the conduct of the Company's business more expensive or prevent the Company from conducting its business as currently conducted. Tourmaline focuses on conducting transparent, safe and responsible operations in the communities in which its people live and work.

NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES

This MD&A or documents referred to in this MD&A make reference to the terms "cash flow", "operating netback", "working capital (adjusted for the fair value of financial instruments)", "net debt", "adjusted EBITDA", "senior debt", "total debt", and "total capitalization" which are not recognized measures under GAAP, and do not have a standardized meaning prescribed by GAAP. Accordingly, the Company's use of these terms may not be comparable to similarly defined measures presented by other companies. Management uses the terms "cash flow", "operating netback", "working capital (adjusted for the fair value of financial instruments)" and "net debt", for its own performance measures and to provide shareholders and potential investors with a measurement of the Company's efficiency and its ability to generate the cash necessary to fund a portion of its future growth expenditures or to repay debt. Investors are cautioned that the non-GAAP measures should not be construed as an alternative to net income determined in accordance with GAAP as an indication of the Company's performance. The terms "adjusted EBITDA", "senior debt", "total debt", and "total capitalization" are not used by management in measuring performance but are used in the financial covenants under the Company's credit facility. Under the Company's credit facility "adjusted EBITDA" means generally net income or loss, excluding extraordinary items, plus interest expense and income taxes and adjusted for non-cash items and gains or losses on dispositions, "senior debt" means generally the indebtedness, liabilities and obligations of the Company to the lenders under the credit facility ("bank debt"), "total debt" means generally bank debt plus any other indebtedness of the Company, and "total capitalization" means generally the sum of the Company's shareholders' equity and all other indebtedness of the Company including bank debt, all determined on a consolidated basis in accordance with GAAP.

Cash Flow

A summary of the reconciliation of cash flow from operating activities (per the statements of cash flow), to cash flow, is set forth below:

      
  Three Months Ended September 30,  Nine Months Ended September 30,
(000s)   2014    2013    2014    2013
Cash flow from operating activities (per GAAP) $ 233,047  $ 128,192  $ 714,193  $ 350,387
Change in non-cash operating working capital   (21,412 )  (7,632 )  (18,429 )  15,642
Cash flow $ 211,635  $ 120,560  $ 695,764  $ 366,029
            

Operating Netback

Operating netback is calculated on a per-boe basis and is defined as revenue (excluding processing income) less royalties, transportation costs and operating expenses, as shown below:

        
  Three Months Ended September 30,  Nine Months Ended September 30,  
($/boe)   2014    2013    2014    2013  
Revenue, excluding processing income $ 32.41  $ 27.58  $ 35.03  $ 28.57  
Royalties   (2.97 )  (2.61 )  (3.31 )  (2.27 )
Transportation costs   (1.84 )  (2.01 )  (1.88 )  (2.00 )
Operating expenses   (5.41 )  (4.36 )  (5.20 )  (4.31 )
Operating netback(1) $ 22.19  $ 18.59  $ 24.64  $ 19.99  
             

 (1) May not add due to rounding.

Working Capital (Adjusted for the Fair Value of Financial Instruments)

A summary of the reconciliation of working capital to working capital (adjusted for the fair value of financial instruments) is set forth below:

            
(000s)   As at
September 30,
2014
   As at
December 31,
2013
 
Working capital (deficit) $ (493,160 )$ (245,314 )
Fair value of financial instruments - short-term (net)   (2,062 )  2,691  
Working capital (deficit) (adjusted for the fair value of financial instruments) $ (495,222 )$ (242,623 )
       

Net Debt

A summary of the reconciliation of net debt is set forth below:

            
(000s)   As at
September 30,
2014
   As at
December 31,
2013
 
Bank debt $ (763,691 )$ (590,319 )
Working capital (deficit)   (493,160 )  (245,314 )
Fair value of financial instruments - short-term (net)   (2,062 )  2,691  
Net debt $ (1,258,913 )$ (832,942 )
       

SELECTED QUARTERLY INFORMATION

           
  2014  2013  2012  
($000s, unless otherwise noted) Q3  Q2  Q1  Q4  Q3  Q2  Q1  Q4  
PRODUCTION                         
Natural gas (mcf) 51,771,964  51,225,036  47,339,926  41,062,993  36,486,443  34,477,391  33,055,857  27,879,639  
Oil and NGL(bbls) 1,307,089  1,468,198  1,340,699  1,076,395  735,727  640,001  667,907  618,483  
Oil equivalent (boe) 9,935,749  10,005,704  9,230,686  7,920,228  6,816,800  6,386,233  6,177,216  5,265,090  
Natural gas (mcf/d) 562,739  562,912  525,999  446,337  396,592  378,872  367,287  303,040  
Oil and NGL (bbls/d) 14,207  16,134  14,897  11,700  7,997  7,033  7,421  6,723  
Oil equivalent (boe/d) 107,997  109,953  102,563  86,089  74,096  70,178  68,636  57,230  
FINANCIAL                         
Revenue, net of royalties 311,586  313,655  317,336  219,069  167,138  180,505  161,124  134,864  
Cash flow from operating activities 233,047  231,756  249,390  128,852  128,192  128,432  93,763  104,671  
Cash flow (1) 211,635  231,542  252,587  160,732  120,560  128,870  116,599  93,807  
 Per diluted share 1.03  1.13  1.28  0.83  0.64  0.68  0.64  0.54  
Net earnings (loss) 67,357  66,437  89,868  56,763  9,163  30,004  52,184  16,301  
 Per basic share 0.33  0.33  0.47  0.30  0.05  0.16  0.29  0.10  
 Per diluted share 0.33  0.32  0.45  0.29  0.05  0.16  0.29  0.09  
Total assets 5,978,645  5,446,094  5,082,535  4,696,471  4,210,171  3,811,192  3,735,641  3,580,253  
Working capital (deficit) (493,160 )(131,672 )(255,240 )(245,314 )(206,250 )(50,851 )(165,385 )(98,913 )
Working capital (deficit)(adjusted for the fair value of financial instruments) (1) (495,222 )(123,166 )(248,094 )(242,623 )(204,507 )(53,676 )(166,049 )(103,727 )
Cash capital expenditures 647,302  297,733  466,396  497,941  468,261  158,751  190,463  296,108  
Total outstanding shares (000s) 201,673  201,431  195,567  189,805  184,621  184,175  183,408  174,813  
PER UNIT                         
Natural gas ($/mcf) 4.34  4.71  5.38  3.84  3.30  3.92  3.50  3.29  
Oil and NGL ($/bbl) 74.61  74.53  70.49  71.83  91.65  87.06  88.75  83.28  
Revenue ($/boe) 32.41  35.03  37.84  29.69  27.58  29.88  28.33  27.18  
Operating netback ($/boe) (1) 22.19  24.02  27.94  21.29  18.59  21.28  20.20  19.17  
                 

 (1) See Non-GAAP Financial Measures.

The oil and gas exploration and production industry is cyclical in nature. The Company's financial position, results of operations and cash flows are principally impacted by production levels and commodity prices, particularly natural gas prices.

Overall, the Company has had continued annual growth over the last two years summarized in the table above. The Company's average annual production has increased from 50,804 boe per day in 2012 to 74,796 boe per day in 2013 and 106,858 boe per day in the first nine months of 2014. The production growth can be attributed primarily to the Company's exploration and development activities, and from acquisitions of producing properties. The slight decrease in production in the third quarter of 2014, from the second quarter of 2014, is due to unscheduled third-party maintenance, equipment issues and downtime at Musreau, the Saturn deep cut facility, as well as downtime on the TCPL mainline pipeline.

The Company's cash flows from operating activities were $273.5 million in 2012 and $479.2 million in 2013. Estimated 2014 cash flows from operating activities (based on the first nine months annualized) are $952.3 million, due mainly to strong growth in production levels and strengthening commodity prices. Commodity price changes can indirectly impact expected production by changing the amount of funds available to reinvest in exploration, development and acquisition activities in the future. Changes in commodity prices impact revenues and cash flows available for exploration, and also the economics of potential capital projects as low commodity prices can potentially reduce the quantities of reserves that are commercially recoverable. The Company's capital program is dependent on cash flows generated from operations and access to capital markets.

CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF FINANCIAL POSITION

     
(000s) (unaudited) September 30, 2014 December 31, 2013
Assets    
Current assets:        
 Accounts receivable $ 141,823 $ 136,041
 Prepaid expenses and deposits   10,406   6,918
 Fair value of financial instruments (note 3)   2,874   166
Total current assets   155,103   143,125
Fair value of financial instruments (note 3)   625   663
Long-term asset   7,211   2,373
Exploration and evaluation assets (notes 4 and 5)   758,993   700,525
Property, plant and equipment (note 5)   5,056,713   3,849,785
Total Assets $ 5,978,645 $ 4,696,471
Liabilities and Shareholders' Equity        
Current liabilities:        
 Accounts payable and accrued liabilities $ 647,451 $ 385,582
 Fair value of financial instruments (note 3)   812   2,857
Total current liabilities   648,263   388,439
Bank debt (note 7)   763,691   590,319
Long-term obligation   621   3,414
Fair value of financial instruments (note 3)   5,502   5,216
Decommissioning obligations (note 6)   102,398   76,037
Deferred premium flow-through shares   5,390   -
Deferred taxes   319,528   265,025
Shareholders' equity:        
 Share capital (note 9)   3,578,131   3,062,432
 Non-controlling interest (note 8)   19,889   17,877
 Contributed surplus   115,576   91,718
 Retained earnings   419,656   195,994
Total shareholders' equity   4,133,252   3,368,021
Total Liabilities and Shareholders' Equity $ 5,978,645 $ 4,696,471
     

Commitments (note 12)
Subsequent Events (note 13)
See accompanying notes to the interim condensed consolidated financial statements. 

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

        
  Three Months Ended September 30,  Nine Months Ended September 30,  
(000s) except per-share amounts (unaudited) 2014  2013  2014  2013  
Revenue:                     
 Oil and natural gas sales $ 320,476  $ 167,899  $ 1,063,713  $ 527,211  
 Royalties   (29,549 )  (17,798 )  (96,587 )  (44,015 )
 Net revenue from oil and natural gas sales   290,927    150,101    967,126    483,196  
 Realized gain (loss) on financial instruments   1,509    20,075    (41,923 )  26,539  
 Unrealized gain (loss) on financial instruments (note 3)   15,606    (4,701 )  4,429    (5,199 )
 Other income   3,544    1,663    12,945    4,231  
Total net revenue   311,586    167,138    942,577    508,767  
Expenses:                     
 Operating   53,758    29,718    151,645    83,494  
 Transportation   18,235    13,702    54,866    38,779  
 General and administration   6,459    4,666    18,208    14,823  
 Share-based payments (note 11)   7,334    5,441    20,841    13,513  
 (Gain) on divestitures   (1,808 )  (4,736 )  (2,009 )  (48,146 )
 Depletion, depreciation and amortization   123,919    96,250    366,556    259,990  
Total expenses   207,897    145,041    610,107    362,453  
Income from operations   103,689    22,097    332,470    146,314  
Finance expenses   6,387    3,646    19,363    11,172  
Income before taxes   97,302    18,451    313,107    135,142  
Deferred taxes   29,303    8,835    87,433    42,693  
Net income and comprehensive income before non-controlling interest   67,999    9,616    225,674    92,449  
Net income and comprehensive income attributable to:                     
 Shareholders of the Company   67,357    9,163    223,662    91,351  
 Non-controlling interest (note 8)   642    453    2,012    1,098  
  $ 67,999  $ 9,616  $ 225,674  $ 92,449  
                      
Net income per share attributable to common shareholders (note 10)                     
 Basic $ 0.33  $ 0.05  $ 1.13  $ 0.50  
 Diluted $ 0.33  $ 0.05  $ 1.10  $ 0.49  
              

See accompanying notes to the interim condensed consolidated financial statements.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN EQUITY

                       
(000s) (unaudited)                      
    Share Capital    Contributed Surplus    Retained Earnings   Non-Controlling Interest   Total Equity  
Balance at December 31, 2013 $ 3,062,432  $ 91,718  $ 195,994 $ 17,877 $ 3,368,021  
Issue of common shares (note 9)   282,012    -    -   -   282,012  
Issue of common shares on corporate acquisition (note 9)   177,359    -    -   -   177,359  
Share issue costs, net of tax   (9,524 )  -    -   -   (9,524 )
Share-based payments   -    20,841    -   -   20,841  
Capitalized share-based payments   -    20,841    -   -   20,841  
Options exercised (note 9)   65,852    (17,824 )  -   -   48,028  
Income attributable to common shareholders   -    -    223,662   -   223,662  
Income attributable to non-controlling interest   -    -    -   2,012   2,012  
Balance at September 30, 2014 $ 3,578,131  $ 115,576  $ 419,656 $ 19,889 $ 4,133,252  
              
              
(000s) (unaudited)                      
    Share Capital    Contributed Surplus    Retained Earnings   Non-Controlling Interest   Total Equity  
Balance at December 31, 2012 $ 2,599,614  $ 70,923  $ 47,880 $ 16,298 $ 2,734,715  
Issue of common shares   226,564    -    -   -   226,564  
Share issue costs, net of tax   (7,275 )  -    -   -   (7,275 )
Share-based payments   -    13,513    -   -   13,513  
Capitalized share-based payments   -    13,513    -   -   13,513  
Options exercised   52,890    (14,526 )  -   -   38,364  
Income attributable to common shareholders   -    -    91,351   -   91,351  
Income attributable to non-controlling interest   -    -    -   1,098   1,098  
Balance at September 30, 2013 $ 2,871,793  $ 83,423  $ 139,231 $ 17,396 $ 3,111,843  
              

See accompanying notes to the interim condensed consolidated financial statements.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOW

        
  Three Months Ended September 30,  Nine Months Ended September 30,  
(000s) (unaudited) 2014  2013  2014  2013  
Cash provided by (used in):                     
Operations:                     
 Net income $ 67,357  $ 9,163  $ 223,662  $ 91,351  
 Items not involving cash:                     
  Depletion, depreciation and amortization   123,919    96,250    366,556    259,990  
  Accretion   594    533    1,755    1,412  
  Share-based payments   7,334    5,441    20,841    13,513  
  Deferred taxes   29,303    8,835    87,433    42,693  
  Unrealized (gain) loss on financial instruments   (15,606 )  4,701    (4,429 )  5,199  
  (Gain) on divestitures   (1,808 )  (4,736 )  (2,009 )  (48,146 )
  Non-controlling interest   642    453    2,012    1,098  
 Decommissioning expenditures   (100 )  (80 )  (57 )  (1,081 )
 Changes in non-cash operating working capital   21,412    7,632    18,429    (15,642 )
Total cash flow from operating activities   233,047    128,192    714,193    350,387  
Financing:                     
 Issue of common shares   4,952    4,853    345,622    271,524  
 Share issue costs   (87 )  (249 )  (12,732 )  (9,815 )
 Increase in bank debt   59,611    192,999    143,738    124,275  
Total cash flow from financing activities   64,476    197,603    476,628    385,984  
Investing:                     
 Exploration and evaluation   (52,098 )  (51,061 )  (142,590 )  (107,871 )
 Property, plant and equipment   (597,629 )  (308,537 )  (1,266,589 )  (642,903 )
 Property acquisitions   -    (108,763 )  (4,777 )  (144,746 )
 Proceeds from divestitures   2,425    100    2,525    78,045  
 Net repayment of long-term obligation   (996 )  (733 )  (2,595 )  (2,596 )
 Changes in non-cash investing working capital   350,775    143,199    223,205    83,700  
Total cash flow from investing activities   (297,523 )  (325,795 )  (1,190,821 )  (736,371 )
Changes in cash   -    -    -    -  
Cash, beginning of period   -    -    -    -  
Cash, end of period $ -  $ -  $ -  $ -  
             

Cash is defined as cash and cash equivalents.
See accompanying notes to the interim condensed consolidated financial statements.

NOTES TO THE INTERIM CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

As at September 30, 2014 and for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013
(tabular amounts in thousands of dollars, unless otherwise noted) (unaudited)

Corporate Information:

Tourmaline Oil Corp. (the "Company") was incorporated under the laws of the Province of Alberta on July 21, 2008. The Company is engaged in the acquisition, exploration, development and production of petroleum and natural gas properties. These interim condensed consolidated financial statements reflect only the Company's proportionate interest in such activities.

The Company's registered office is located at Suite 2400, 525 - 8th Avenue S.W., Calgary, Alberta, Canada T2P 1G1.

1. BASIS OF PREPARATION

These unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with International Accounting Standard ("IAS") 34, "Interim Financial Reporting". These unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements do not include all of the information and disclosure required in the annual financial statements and should be read in conjunction with the Company's consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2013.

The accounting policies and significant accounting judgments, estimates, and assumptions used in these unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements are consistent with those described in Notes 1 and 2 of the Company's consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2013, except as detailed below.

On January 1, 2014, the Company adopted IFRIC 21, which addresses payments to government bodies. There was no impact on the Company as a result of adopting the new standard.

The unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements were authorized for issue by the Board of Directors on November 5, 2014.

2. DETERMINATION OF FAIR VALUE

A number of the Company's accounting policies and disclosures require the determination of fair value for both financial and non-financial assets and liabilities. Fair values have been determined for measurement purposes based on the following methods. When applicable, further information about the assumptions made in determining fair values is disclosed in the notes specific to that asset or liability.

Measurement:

Tourmaline classifies the fair value of transactions according to the following hierarchy based on the amount of observable inputs used to value the instrument.

  • Level 1 - Quoted prices are available in active markets for identical assets or liabilities as of the reporting date. Active markets are those in which transactions occur in sufficient frequency and volume to provide pricing information on an ongoing basis.
  • Level 2 - Pricing inputs are other than quoted prices in active markets included in Level 1. Prices are either directly or indirectly observable as of the reporting date. Level 2 valuations are based on inputs, including quoted forward prices for commodities, time value and volatility factors, which can be substantially observed or corroborated in the marketplace.
  • Level 3 - Valuations in this level are those with inputs for the asset or liability that are not based on observable market data.

3. FINANCIAL RISK MANAGEMENT

The Board of Directors has overall responsibility for the establishment and oversight of the Company's risk management framework. The Board has implemented and monitors compliance with risk management policies.

The Company's risk management policies are established to identify and analyze the risks faced by the Company, to set appropriate risk limits and controls, and to monitor risks and adherence to market conditions and the Company's activities. The Company's financial risks are consistent with those discussed in note 5 of the Company's audited consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2013.

As at September 30, 2014, the Company has entered into certain financial derivative contracts in order to manage commodity price risk. These instruments are not used for trading or speculative purposes. The Company has not designated its financial derivative contracts as effective accounting hedges, even though the Company considers all commodity contracts to be effective economic hedges. As a result, all such commodity contracts are recorded on the interim consolidated statement of financial position at fair value, with changes in the fair value being recognized as an unrealized gain or loss on the interim consolidated statement of income and comprehensive income.

The Company has the following financial derivative contracts in place as at September 30, 2014(1):

                 
    2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 Fair Value
(000s)
 
Gas                
Fixed price mmbtu/d 31,793 5,000 - - - $ 751  
  USD$/mmbtu $4.16 $4.21          
                 
Nymex call options (writer) mmbtu/d - - - 20,000 20,000 (4,609 )
  USD$/mmbtu       $5.00 $5.00    
Oil                
Financial swaps bbls/d 900 874 - - - 2,577  
  USD$/bbl $94.98 $93.82          
                 
Costless collars bbls/d 1,100 1,300 - - - 158  
  USD$/bbl $80.91 - $97.57 $81.15 - $94.29          
                 
Financial call swaptions(2) bbls/d - 600 600 - - (664 )
  USD$/bbl   $104.98 $93.07        
Total fair value           $ (1,787 )
        

(1)The volumes and prices reported are the weighted average volumes and prices for the period.
(2)This is a European swaption whereby the Company provides the option to extend an oil swap into the period subsequent to the call date.

No financial derivative contracts were entered into subsequent to September 30, 2014.

The Company has the following interest rate swap arrangements:

               
Term Type (Floating to Fixed)   Amount (000s) Company Fixed Interest Rate (%) Counter Party Floating Rate Index   Fair Value (000s)
May 29, 2014 - May 29, 2015 Swap $ 150,000 1.72% Floating Rate $ (469)
May 29, 2014 - May 29, 2015 Swap $ 100,000 1.27% Floating Rate   (16)
May 29, 2015 - May 29, 2016 Swap $ 250,000 1.645% Floating Rate   (543)
Total fair value           $ (1,028)
        

The following table provides a summary of the unrealized gains (losses) on financial instruments for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013:

        
  Three Months Ended
September 30,
 Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
(000s) 2014 2013    2014   2013  
Unrealized gain (loss) on financial instruments $15,606 (4,701 )$ 4,429 $ (5,199 )
          

In addition to the financial commodity contracts discussed above, the Company has entered into physical delivery sales contracts to manage commodity risk. These contracts are considered normal sales contracts and are not recorded at fair value in the consolidated financial statements.

The Company has the following physical contracts in place at September 30, 2014(1):

                   
    2014  2015  2016  2017  2018  
Gas                  
Fixed price - AECO mcf/d 164,622  103,978  1,176  -  -  
  CAD$/mcf $4.26  $4.32  $4.06        
                   
Basis differentials(2) mmbtu/d 83,315  51,233  48,338  20,000  20,000  
  USD$/mmbtu $(0.48 )$(0.48 )$(0.48 )$(0.49 )$(0.49 )
                   
AECO call options (writers/call swaptions)(3) mcf/d 24,952  41,552  53,100  66,375  42,669  
  CAD$/mcf $4.28  $4.55  $4.79  $4.76  $4.80  
            

(1)The volumes and prices reported are the weighted-average volumes and prices for the period.
(2)Tourmaline also has 20 mmcf/d of Nymex-AECO basis differentials at $0.49 from 2019-2022.
(3)A call swaption is a European swaption whereby the Company provided the option to extend a gas swap into the period subsequent to the call date. 

No physical contracts were entered into subsequent to September 30, 2014.

4. EXPLORATION AND EVALUATION ASSETS

     
(000s)    
As at December 31, 2013 $ 700,525  
 Capital expenditures   142,590  
 Transfers to property, plant and equipment (note 5)   (90,274 )
 Acquisitions   22,701  
 Divestitures   (2,134 )
 Expired mineral leases   (14,415 )
As at September 30, 2014 $ 758,993  
    

Exploration and evaluation ("E&E") assets consist of the Company's exploration projects which are pending the determination of proven and probable reserves, as well as undeveloped land. Additions represent the Company's share of costs on E&E assets during the period.

5. PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT ("PP&E")

Cost

     
(000s)    
As at December 31, 2013 $ 4,664,800  
 Capital expenditures   1,287,430  
 Transfers from exploration and evaluation (note 4)   90,274  
 Change in decommissioning liabilities (note 6)   16,885  
 Acquisitions   169,463  
 Divestitures   (6,152 )
As at September 30, 2014 $ 6,222,700  
    

Accumulated Depletion, Depreciation and Amortization

     
(000s)    
As at December 31, 2013 $ 815,015  
 Depletion, depreciation and amortization expense   352,141  
 Divestitures   (1,169 )
As at September 30, 2014 $ 1,165,987  
    

Net Book Value

   
(000s)  
As at December 31, 2013 $ 3,849,785
As at September 30, 2014 $ 5,056,713
   

Future development costs of $4,100 million were included in the depletion calculation at September 30, 2014 (December 31, 2013 - $3,197 million).

Capitalization of G&A and Share-Based Payments

A total of $13.7 million in G&A expenditures have been capitalized and included in E&E and PP&E assets at September 30, 2014 (December 31, 2013 - $15.0 million). Also included in E&E and PP&E are non-cash share-based payments of $20.8 million (December 31, 2013 - $19.3 million).

Impairment Assessment

The Company has performed an impairment assessment of its property, plant, and equipment on a CGU basis and has determined that there are no indicators of impairment at September 30, 2014; therefore an impairment test was not performed. Similarly, for the year ended December 31, 2013, the Company did not identify any impairment indicators and as a result did not conduct an impairment test.

Corporate Acquisition

On April 24, 2014, the Company acquired all of the issued and outstanding shares of Santonia Energy Inc. ("Santonia"). As consideration, the Company issued 3,228,234 common shares at a price of $54.94 per share. Total transaction costs incurred by the Company of $1.5 million associated with this acquisition were expensed in the interim consolidated statement of income and comprehensive income.

Results from operations for Santonia are included in the Company's unaudited interim consolidated financial statements from the closing date of the transaction. The acquisition has been accounted for using the purchase method based on fair values as follows:

     
(000s) Santonia Energy Inc.  
Fair value of net assets acquired:      
 Cash $ 2,445  
 Working capital deficiency   (10,965 )
 Property, plant and equipment   167,473  
 Exploration and evaluation   19,058  
 Bank debt   (32,079 )
 Decommissioning obligations   (8,487 )
 Deferred income tax asset   39,914  
Total $ 177,359  
Consideration:      
 Common shares issued $ 177,359  
     

The above noted amounts are estimates based on information available to the Company at the time of preparation of the September 30, 2014 unaudited interim consolidated financial statements. Accordingly, the estimates used to derive the fair values in the purchase price include accruals and deferred tax assets. A future change in estimates could have an impact on the above-noted purchase equation.

Acquisition of Oil and Natural Gas Properties

For the nine months ended September 30, 2014, the Company completed property acquisitions for total cash consideration of $4.8 million (December 31, 2013 - $226.9 million) and an additional $0.5 million in non-cash consideration (December 31, 2013 - $88.6 million). The Company also assumed $0.4 million in decommissioning liabilities (December 31, 2013 - $7.3 million).

6. DECOMMISSIONING OBLIGATIONS

The Company's decommissioning obligations result from net ownership interests in petroleum and natural gas assets including well sites, gathering systems and processing facilities. The Company estimates the total undiscounted amount of cash flow required to settle its decommissioning obligations is approximately $148.2 million (December 31, 2013 - $118.9 million), with some abandonments expected to commence in 2021. A risk-free rate of 2.67% (December 31, 2013 - 3.24%) and an inflation rate of 2.0% (December 31, 2013 - 2.0%) were used to calculate the fair value of the decommissioning obligations.

        
(000s) As at
September 30, 2014
 As at
December 31, 2013
 
Balance, beginning of period $ 76,037  $ 64,757  
 Obligation incurred   9,640    10,193  
 Obligation incurred on corporate acquisition (note 5)   8,487    -  
 Obligation incurred on property acquisitions   382    7,347  
 Obligation divested   (1,091 )  (960 )
 Obligation settled   (57 )  (2,254 )
 Accretion expense   1,755    2,038  
 Change in future estimated cash outlays   7,245    (5,084 )
Balance, end of period $ 102,398  $ 76,037  
       

7. BANK DEBT

The Company has a covenant-based bank credit facility in place with a syndicate of bankers, the details of which are described in note 9 of the Company's consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2013. In May 2014, the Company increased its facility to $1.3 billion from $900 million, with an initial maturity of June 2017. The revisions to the credit facility included the removal of the "adjusted EBITDA to interest expense" covenant as well as a revision to the definition of senior debt to mean generally the indebtedness, liabilities and obligations of the Company to the lenders under the credit facility. In September 2014, the facility was further increased to $1.6 billion with the same terms and conditions as were set in the May 2014 revision.

As at September 30, 2014, the Company's bank debt balance was $763.7 million (December 31, 2013 - $590.3 million). In addition, the Company has outstanding letters of credit of $2.8 million (December 31, 2013 - $2.2 million), which reduce the credit available on the facility. The average effective interest rate for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 was 2.99% (nine months ended September 30, 2013 - 3.06%). As at September 30, 2014, the Company is in compliance with all debt covenants.

8. NON-CONTROLLING INTEREST

The Company owns 90.6 percent of Exshaw Oil Corp., a private company engaged in oil and gas exploration in Canada. A reconciliation of the non-controlling interest is provided below:

     
(000s) As at
September 30, 2014
As at
December 31, 2013
Balance, beginning of period $ 17,877 $ 16,298
 Share of subsidiary's net income for the period   2,012   1,579
Balance, end of period $ 19,889 $ 17,877
     

9. SHARE CAPITAL

(a) Authorized

Unlimited number of Common Shares without par value.
Unlimited number of non-voting Preferred Shares, issuable in series.

(b) Common Shares Issued

        
  As at September 30, 2014  As at December 31, 2013  
(000s) except share amounts Number of Shares   Amount  Number of Shares   Amount  
Balance, beginning of period 189,804,864 $ 3,062,432  174,813,059 $ 2,599,614  
For cash on public offering of common shares(1)(2)(3) 4,615,198   219,222  9,275,000   343,881  
For cash on public offering of flow-through common shares(1)(2)(4) 1,150,000   62,790  1,760,000   67,218  
Issued on corporate acquisition 3,228,234   177,359  -   -  
For cash on exercise of stock options 2,874,930   48,028  3,956,805   47,023  
Contributed surplus on exercise of stock options -   17,824  -   17,819  
Share issue costs -   (12,732 )-   (17,633 )
Tax effect of share issue costs -   3,208  -   4,510  
Balance, end of period 201,673,226 $ 3,578,131  189,804,864 $ 3,062,432  
         

(1) On March 12, 2013, the Company issued 5.78 million common shares at a price of $34.25 per share and 0.835 million flow-through common shares at a price of $42.15 per share, for total gross proceeds of $233.2 million. The implied premium on the flow-through common shares was determined to be $6.6 million or $7.90 per share. A total of 30,000 common and 85,000 flow-through common shares were purchased by insiders. As at December 31, 2013, the Company had spent the full committed amount and the expenditures were renounced to investors in February 2014 with an effective renunciation date of December 31, 2013.

(2) On October 8, 2013, the Company issued 3.495 million common shares at a price of $41.75 per share and 0.925 million flow-through common shares at a price of $51.60 per share, for total gross proceeds of $193.6 million. The implied premium on flow-through common shares was determined to be $9.1 million or $9.85 per share. A total of 45,000 common shares and 75,000 flow-through common shares were purchased by insiders. As at December 31, 2013, the Company had spent the full committed amount. The expenditures were renounced to investors in February 2014 with an effective renunciation date of December 31, 2013.

(3) On February 12, 2014, the Company issued 4.615 million common shares at a price of $47.50 per share for total gross proceeds of $219.2 million. A total of 15,198 common shares were purchased by insiders.

(4) On June 2, 2014, the Company issued 1.15 million flow-through shares at a price of $68.15 per share for total gross proceeds of $78.4 million. The implied premium on flow-through common shares was determined to be $15.6 million or $13.55 per share. A total of 150,000 flow-through common shares were purchased by insiders. As at September 30, 2014, the Company has spent $51.3 million on eligible expenditures and is committed to spend the remainder of $27.1 million on qualified exploration expenditures by December 31, 2015. The expenditures will be renounced to investors with an effective renunciation date of December 31, 2014.

 10. EARNINGS PER SHARE

Basic earnings-per-share attributed to common shareholders was calculated as follows:

     
  Three Months Ended September 30, Nine Months Ended September 30,
    2014   2013   2014   2013
Net earnings for the period (000s) $ 67,357 $ 9,163 $ 223,662 $ 91,351
Weighted average number of common shares - basic   201,497,624   184,480,948   197,906,925   181,828,804
Earnings per share - basic $ 0.33 $ 0.05 $ 1.13 $ 0.50
         

Diluted earnings-per-share attributed to common shareholders was calculated as follows:

     
  Three Months Ended September 30, Nine Months Ended September 30,
    2014   2013   2014   2013
Net earnings for the period (000s) $ 67,357 $ 9,163 $ 223,662 $ 91,351
Weighted average number of common shares - diluted   206,469,220   189,764,708   202,811,901   186,676,207
Earnings per share - fully diluted $ 0.33 $ 0.05 $ 1.10 $ 0.49
         

There were 2,035,000 options excluded from the weighted-average share calculations for both the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2014 because they were anti-dilutive (three and nine months ended September 30, 2013 - 2,345,000 options).

11. SHARE-BASED PAYMENTS

The Company has a rolling stock option plan. Under the employee stock option plan, the Company may grant options to its employees up to 20,167,323 shares of common stock, which represents 10% of the current outstanding common shares. The exercise price of each option equals the volume-weighted average market price for the five days preceding the issue date of the Company's stock on the date of grant and the option's maximum term is five years. Options are granted throughout the year and vest 1/3 on each of the first, second and third anniversaries from the date of grant.

   
  Nine Months Ended September 30,
  2014 2013
  Number of Options    Weighted Average Exercise Price Number of Options    Weighted Average Exercise Price
Stock options outstanding, beginning of period 16,028,651  $ 27.95 15,325,232  $ 19.87
 Granted 2,151,000    52.80 2,445,000    40.19
 Exercised (2,874,930 )  16.71 (3,193,111 )  12.01
 Forfeited (164,889 )  50.81 (109,443 )  24.59
Stock options outstanding, end of period 15,139,832  $ 33.36 14,467,678  $ 24.98
         

The weighted average trading price of the Company's common shares was $52.13 during the nine months ended September 30, 2014 (nine months ended September 30, 2013 - $38.95).

The following table summarizes stock options outstanding and exercisable at September 30, 2014:

           
Range of
Exercise Price
Number Outstanding at Period End Weighted Average Remaining Contractual Life  Weighted Average Exercise Price Number Exercisable at Period End  Weighted Average Exercise Price
$10.00 - $18.35 2,832,865 0.59 $ 16.90 2,832,865 $ 16.90
$20.68 - $29.93 3,395,304 2.16   26.88 2,448,019   26.99
$30.76 - $39.57 2,780,663 3.02   32.90 1,028,663   31.37
$40.18 - $48.99 4,471,000 3.97   41.40 581,333   40.99
$51.47 - $56.76 1,660,000 4.77   53.85 -   -
  15,139,832 2.85 $ 33.36 6,890,880 $ 24.77
        

The fair value of options granted during the nine-month period ended September 30, 2014 was estimated on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model with the following weighted average assumptions and resulting values:

     
   September 30,
2014
 September 30,
2013
Fair value of options granted (weighted average) $ 18.50 $ 13.98
Risk-free interest rate   2.83%   2.65%
Estimated hold period prior to exercise   4 years   4 years
Expected volatility   40%   40%
Forfeiture rate   2%   2%
Dividend per share $ 0.00 $ 0.00
     

12. COMMITMENTS

In the normal course of business, the Company is obligated to make future payments. These obligations represent contracts and other commitments that are known and non-cancellable.

                     
Payments Due by Year (000s)   1 Year   2-3 Years   4-5 Years   >5 Years   Total
Operating leases $ 4,310 $ 10,004 $ 10,027 $ 2,467 $ 26,808
Flow-through obligations   -   27,109   -   -   27,109
Firm transportation and processing agreements   100,353   435,237   244,396   489,791   1,269,777
Bank debt(1)   -   827,817   -   -   827,817
  $ 104,663 $ 1,300,167 $ 254,423 $ 492,258 $ 2,151,511
           

(1) Includes interest expense at an annual rate of 2.77% being the rate applicable to outstanding bank debt at September 30, 2014.

13. SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

On October 29, 2014, the Company entered into an agreement to sell a 25% working interest in the Peace River High complex for cash consideration of $500.0 million. The sale is scheduled to close in December 2014, and is subject to final terms and conditions. The Company will continue to be the operator of all the jointly-controlled assets.

On November 3, 2014, the Company entered into a five-year term loan agreement with a Canadian Chartered Bank for $250.0 million, bearing an interest rate of 240 basis points over the applicable bankers' acceptance rate. The covenants for the term loan are similar to those under the Company's current credit facility and the term loan will rank equally with the obligations under the Company's credit facility. Proceeds from the term loan will be used to repay a portion of the current outstanding bank debt.

The Company's aggregate borrowing capacity is now $1.85 billion.

About Tourmaline Oil Corp.

Tourmaline is a Canadian intermediate crude oil and natural gas exploration and production company focused on long-term growth through an aggressive exploration, development, production and acquisition program in the Western Canadian Sedimentary Basin.

Contact Information

  • For further information, please contact:

    Tourmaline Oil Corp.
    Michael Rose
    Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer
    (403) 266-5992
    info@tourmalineoil.com

    OR

    Tourmaline Oil Corp.
    Brian Robinson
    Vice President, Finance and Chief Financial Officer
    (403) 767-3587
    robinson@tourmalineoil.com

    OR

    Tourmaline Oil Corp.
    Scott Kirker
    Secretary and General Counsel
    (403) 767-3593
    kirker@tourmalineoil.com

    OR

    Tourmaline Oil Corp.
    Suite 3700, 250 - 6th Avenue S.W.
    Calgary, Alberta T2P 3H7
    Phone: (403) 266-5992
    Facsimile: (403) 266-5952
    Website: www.tourmalineoil.com