University of Calgary

University of Calgary

August 18, 2011 11:05 ET

University of Calgary: Can Wind Fuel Alberta's Cars?

Wind powered cars could reduce Alberta's carbon footprint while we sleep

CALGARY, ALBERTA--(Marketwire - Aug. 18, 2011) - Clean wind power, and a new generation of electric cars, are both technologies designed to reduce hydrocarbon use and CO2 emissions. However, according to a paper released today by Mahdi Hajian, Monishaa Manickavasagam, William D. Rosehart and Hamid Zareipour for University of Calgary's School of Public Policy, electric cars and wind turbines have a unique synergy that can increase both of their clean energy benefits.

Wind turbines create more power at night, when wind tends to be strongest in Alberta. At the same time, most commuters do not drive at night. So, if a commuter has chosen to invest in an electric or plug-in hybrid car, night time is when the charging will occur. The authors argue that if electrical grid operators in Alberta could divert more wind energy to the grid at night for use by electric cars that are recharging, that significant energy and emissions savings would result.

Dr. Zareipour points out additional benefits of such a system, "With a 'smart charging system', when a vehicle is plugged in, the grid operator has control over its charging. In fact, the battery can even be discharged to provide power back to the grid. So, car owners could realize some benefits in return for supplying power to the grid. Although a smart charging system requires an initial investment in communication infrastructure and incentive plans to encourage owners to participate, it would bring with it several advantages, including significant environmental benefits."

A copy of the paper entitled Environmental Benefits Of Using Wind Generation To
Power Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles
can be found by going to www.policyschool.ca/publications, then clicking on "Latest Papers".

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