SOURCE: US Ecology, Inc.

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February 26, 2015 16:34 ET

US Ecology Announces Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2014 Results

Solid Fourth Quarter Drives Adjusted EBITDA to $109.0(1) Million and Adjusted EPS to $2.02; 2015 Outlook Initiated With Adjusted EBITDA of $137-$143 Million on Revenue of $585-$620 Million

BOISE, ID--(Marketwired - February 26, 2015) - US Ecology, Inc. (NASDAQ: ECOL) ("the Company") today reported financial results for the quarter and full year ended December 31, 2014.

Operating income for the fourth quarter of 2014 was $19.1 million, up 25% from $15.4 million in the fourth quarter last year. Adjusted EBITDA for the fourth quarter of 2014 was $31.2 million, up 54% from $20.2 million in the same period last year. Net income for the fourth quarter of 2014 was $8.7 million, or $0.40 per diluted share, down from $9.2 million, or $0.48 per diluted share, in the fourth quarter of 2013. Excluding foreign currency translation losses and business development expenses, adjusted earnings per diluted share declined 19% to $0.42 in the fourth quarter of 2014, down from $0.52 in the fourth quarter of 2013. A reconciliation of earnings per diluted share to adjusted earnings per diluted share and net income to adjusted EBITDA is attached as Exhibit A to this release. 

As a result of our acquisition of EQ Holdings, Inc. ("EQ") on June 17, 2014, we have reorganized our business into two segments as described below:

Environmental Services ("ES") - This segment includes all of US Ecology's legacy operations and the legacy EQ treatment and disposal facilities. It provides diversified waste services including transportation, recycling, treatment and disposal of hazardous and non-hazardous materials at Company-owned landfill, wastewater and other treatment facilities.

Field & Industrial Services ("FIS") - This segment includes all of the legacy EQ field and industrial services business. It provides waste packaging, collection and total waste management solutions at customer sites and through our 10-day transfer facilities. Services include on-site management, waste characterization, transportation and disposal of non-hazardous and hazardous waste. This segment also provides specialty services such as high-pressure and chemical cleaning, centrifuge and materials processing, tank cleaning, decontamination, remediation, spill cleanup, emergency response and other services to commercial and industrial facilities and government entities. 

Total revenue for the fourth quarter of 2014 was $157.2 million, up from $59.4 million in the same quarter last year. Fourth quarter 2014 revenue includes $102.4 million from the acquired EQ businesses. Revenue for the ES segment was $97.7 million for the fourth quarter of 2014, up from $59.4 million in the fourth quarter of 2013. Revenue for the wholly-acquired FIS business segment was $59.5 million for the fourth quarter of 2014.

Excluding the acquired EQ operations, ES revenue decreased $4.6 million, or 8%, in the fourth quarter of 2014 compared to the same period last year on lower treatment and disposal ("T&D") revenue. The decline in T&D revenue was primarily due to a 13% decrease in project-based Event Business, reflecting accelerated volume from remedial projects in the fourth quarter of 2013. Transportation service revenue (excluding EQ) decreased 3% compared to the fourth quarter of 2013, reflecting fewer Event Business projects utilizing the Company's transportation and logistics services. 

For the fourth quarter of 2014, gross profit was $46.2 million (including $25.2 million in gross profit from EQ), up from $23.1 million in the fourth quarter of 2013. Gross profit for the ES segment was $34.2 million in the fourth quarter of 2014, up from $23.1 million in the same quarter of 2013. Excluding the acquired EQ operations, ES gross profit was $21.0 million, down 9% from $23.1 million in the fourth quarter of 2013. T&D gross margin for the legacy US Ecology business was 48% for the fourth quarter of both 2014 and 2013. Gross profit for the wholly-acquired FIS segment, was $12.0 million in the fourth quarter of 2014. 

Selling, general and administrative ("SG&A") expense for the fourth quarter of 2014 was $27.1 million compared with $7.7 million in the same quarter last year. The increase reflects $18.7 million in SG&A from the acquired EQ operations, higher labor, professional fees and expenses and higher business development expenses.

Consolidated net interest expense for the fourth quarter of 2014 was $5.2 million, up from $169,000 in the fourth quarter of 2013, reflecting interest expense on increased borrowings under the Company's credit facility incurred to fund the EQ acquisition.

The Company's consolidated effective income tax rate for the fourth quarter of 2014 was 36.3%, up from 36.0% for the fourth quarter of 2013. This increase primarily reflects a lower proportion of earnings from our Canadian operations, which are taxed at a lower corporate tax rate as well as higher U.S. state income taxes.

"The quarter ended December 31, 2014 culminated an exceptional year for US Ecology," commented President and Chief Executive Officer, Jeff Feeler. "The acquired EQ business performed better than expected, fueled by strength in the environmental services group and higher quality revenue in the field and industrial services segment. Recurring Base Business for the legacy US Ecology business grew 3% in the fourth quarter of 2014 compared to the fourth quarter of 2013. While the legacy US Ecology Event Business did not match an unusually strong fourth quarter in 2013, this portion of our business again delivered solid results."

(1) Includes $839,000 and $6.4 million of business development expenses in Q4 2014 and year ended December 31, 2014, respectively.

Full Year Results

Total revenue for the year ending December 31, 2014 was $447.4 million, up from $201.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2013. Revenue from the acquired EQ operations was $228.2 million in 2014. Revenue for the ES segment was $311.8 million for 2014, up from $201.1 million in 2013. Revenue for the wholly-acquired FIS segment was $135.6 million in 2014 relating entirely to the legacy EQ FIS business.

Excluding the acquired EQ operations, ES revenue increased $18.1 million or 9% in 2014 compared with 2013 reflecting a 9% increase in T&D revenue. This increase reflected a 16% increase in project-based Event Business and a 5% increase in Base Business. Transportation service revenue increased 12% compared to 2013, reflecting increased Event Business projects utilizing the Company's transportation and logistics services. 

For the year ended December 31, 2014, gross profit was $145.8 million (including $57.4 million in gross profit from EQ), up from $79.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2013. Gross profit for the ES segment was $117.5 million in 2014 while gross profit for the FIS segment was $28.3 million. Excluding the acquired EQ operations, ES gross profit was $88.4 million, up 12% from $79.0 million in 2013. T&D gross margin for the legacy US Ecology business was 49% in 2014, up from 48% in 2013. 

SG&A expense for the year ended December 31, 2014 was $73.3 million, up from $26.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2013. This increase reflects $38.9 million in SG&A from the acquired EQ operations, $6.4 million in business development expenses, and higher labor and incentive compensation.

Operating income for 2014 was $72.5 million, up 37% from $52.9 million in the 2013. Adjusted EBITDA for 2014 was $109.0 million, up 53% from $71.2 million in 2013. A reconciliation of net income to adjusted EBITDA is attached as Exhibit A to this release. 

Consolidated net interest expense for the year ended December 31, 2014 was $10.6 million, up from $809,000 for the year ended December 31, 2013, reflecting interest expense on increased borrowings under the Company's credit facility incurred to fund the EQ acquisition.

The Company's consolidated effective income tax rate for the year ended December 31, 2014 was 37.4%, up from 35.9% for the year ended December 31, 2013. This increase primarily reflects non-deductible business development expenses for the EQ acquisition as well as higher U.S. state income taxes, partially offset by a higher proportion of earnings from our Canadian operations which are taxed at a lower corporate tax rate.

Net income for the year ended December 31, 2014 was $38.2 million, or $1.77 per diluted share, up from $32.2 million, or $1.72 per diluted share, in 2013. Excluding foreign currency translation losses and business development expenses, adjusted earnings per diluted share increased 11% to $2.02 in 2014, up from $1.82 in 2013. A reconciliation of earnings per diluted share to adjusted earnings per diluted share is attached as Exhibit A to this release.

"Exceptional growth in treatment and disposal revenue coupled with margin expansion drove record operating income, earnings and Adjusted EBITDA in our legacy US Ecology business," commented Eric Gerratt, Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer. "The year also benefitted from stronger than normal seasonal strength in the acquired EQ operations after atypical weather conditions in the first half of 2014 which severely dampened results. These factors resulted in a significantly higher contribution from the acquired operations during our ownership period than originally projected."

2015 Outlook

"Moving into 2015, market conditions and demand for our significantly expanded services are both strong," commented Feeler. "Our Event Business pipeline continues to build as we gain visibility into the warmer weather clean-up season, and economic conditions appear to support mid-single digit growth in our Base Business."

Based on current estimates, management is projecting 2015 revenue of $585 to $620 million, adjusted EBITDA of $137 to $143 million and earnings per diluted share between $1.76 and $1.92. The following table reconciles our Adjusted EBITDA guidance range to net income.

          
          
   For the Year Ended December 31, 2015  
(in thousands)  Low   High  
          
Net Income  $38,134   $41,516  
 Income tax expense   24,222    26,370  
 Interest expense   20,928    20,928  
 Interest income   (84 )  (84 )
 Other income   (954 )  (954 )
 Depreciation and amortization of plant and equipment   35,645    36,133  
 Amortization of intangible assets   13,251    13,251  
 Stock-based compensation   2,610    2,610  
 Accretion of closure & post-closure obligations   3,254    3,254  
Adjusted EBITDA  $137,005   $143,024 
         
         

Projections exclude any foreign currency gains or losses and business development expenses. The anticipated year-over-year decline in adjusted earnings per diluted share in 2015 reflects a full year of ownership of EQ including the seasonally slower first half, higher interest expense and a higher anticipated effective tax rate. 

Revenue guidance for 2015 includes between $345 and $370 million for the ES segment and between $240 and $250 million for the FIS segment. 

"To put our guidance into perspective, assuming a full year of EQ operating results, the pro forma combined companies would have delivered approximately $615 million of revenue and pro forma Adjusted EBITDA of $120 million which includes $6.4 million of business development costs," commented Feeler. "On a pro forma basis, the Company would have delivered approximately $1.72 in pro forma earnings per share and pro forma net income of $37.3 million. Our 2015 guidance reflects Adjusted EBITDA growth up to 13%, and adjusted EPS growth up to 12%, from these pro forma results."

A reconciliation of pro forma Adjusted EBITDA to pro forma net income is included on slides 28 - 30 of exhibit 99.2 filed in the Form 8-K with this press release on February 26, 2015.

2015 capital spending is estimated to range from $40 to $45 million including 2014 carryover amounts. This is up from the $28.4 million spent in 2014 and reflects a full year of legacy EQ business operations. Capital expenditures for 2015 will focus on constructing additional disposal space, ongoing infrastructure upgrades and equipment replacement at our operating facilities and information system upgrades. 

Dividend

On January 7, 2015, the Company declared a quarterly dividend of $0.18 per common share for stockholders of record on January 23, 2015. The $3.9 million dividend was paid on January 30, 2015.

Conference Call

US Ecology, Inc. will hold an investor conference call on Friday, February 27, 2015 at 9 a.m. Eastern Standard Time (7:00 a.m. Mountain Standard Time) to discuss these results and its current financial position and business outlook. Questions will be invited after management's presentation. Interested parties can join the conference call by dialing 866-807-9684 or 412-317-5415. The conference call will also be broadcast live on our website at www.usecology.com. An audio replay will be available through March 11, 2015 by calling 877-344-7529 or 412-317-0088 and using the passcode 10061015. The replay will also be accessible on our website at www.usecology.com.

About US Ecology, Inc.

US Ecology, Inc. is a leading North American provider of environmental services to commercial and government entities. The Company addresses the complex waste management needs of its customers, offering treatment, disposal and recycling of hazardous, non-hazardous and radioactive waste, as well as a wide range of complementary field and industrial services. US Ecology's focus on safety, environmental compliance, and best-in-class customer service enables us to effectively meet the needs of our customers and to build long-lasting relationships. Headquartered in Boise, Idaho, with operations in the United States, Canada and Mexico, the Company has been protecting the environment since 1952. For more information visit www.usecology.com.

This press release contains forward-looking statements (as such term is defined in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995) that are based on our current expectations, beliefs and assumptions about the industry and markets in which US Ecology, Inc. and its subsidiaries operate. Such statements may include, but are not limited to, statements about the Company's ability to effectively integrate its acquisition of EQ-The Environmental Quality Company (EQ), expected synergies from the transaction, projections of the financial results of the combined company and other statements that are not historical facts. Such statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that could cause the actual results of the Company to differ materially from the results expressed or implied by such statements, including general economic and business conditions, changing regulatory requirements, conditions affecting the industries served by US Ecology and the acquired EQ operations, conditions affecting our customers and suppliers, competitor responses to our products and services, the overall market acceptance of such products and services, the integration and performance of acquisitions (including the acquisition of EQ) and other factors disclosed in the Company's periodic reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. For information on other factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from expectations, please refer to US Ecology, Inc.'s December 31, 2013 Annual Report on Form 10-K and other reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Many of the factors that will determine the Company's future results are beyond the ability of management to control or predict. Readers should not place undue reliance on forward-looking statements, which reflect management's views only as of the date such statements are made. The Company undertakes no obligation to revise or update any forward-looking statements, or to make any other forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. Important assumptions and other important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those set forth in the forward-looking information include a loss of a major customer or contract, compliance with and changes to applicable laws, rules, or regulations, access to cost effective transportation services, access to insurance, surety bonds and other financial assurances, loss of key personnel, lawsuits, labor disputes, adverse economic conditions, government funding or competitive pressures, incidents or adverse weather conditions that could limit or suspend specific operations, implementation of new technologies, market conditions, average selling prices for recycled materials, our ability to replace business from recently completed large projects, our ability to perform under required contracts, our ability to permit and contract for timely construction of new or expanded disposal cells, our willingness or ability to pay dividends and our ability to effectively close, integrate and realize anticipated synergies from future acquisitions, which can be impacted by the failure of the acquired company to achieve anticipated revenues, earnings or cash flows, assumption of liabilities that exceed our estimates, potential compliance issues, diversion of management's attention or other resources from our existing business, risks associated with entering product / service areas in which we have limited experience, increases in working capital investment, unexpected capital expenditures, potential losses of key employees and customers of the acquired company and future write-offs of intangible and other assets, including goodwill, if the acquired operations fail to generate sufficient cash flows.

Investors should also be aware that while we do, from time to time, communicate with securities analysts, it is against our policy to disclose to them any material non-public information or other confidential commercial information. Accordingly, stockholders should not assume that we agree with any statement or report issued by any analyst irrespective of the content of the statement or report. Furthermore, we have a policy against issuing or confirming financial forecasts or projections issued by others. Thus, to the extent that reports issued by securities analysts contain any projections, forecasts or opinions, such reports are not the responsibility of US Ecology, Inc.

   
   
US ECOLOGY, INC.  
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME  
(in thousands, except per share data)  
(unaudited)  
                  
   Three Months Ended
December 31,
  For the Year Ended
December 31,
 
   2014   2013   2014   2013  
Revenue                     
 Environmental Services  $97,732   $59,360   $311,778   $201,126  
 Field & Industrial Services   59,442    -    135,633    -  
                      
  Total   157,174    59,360    447,411    201,126  
                      
Gross Profit                     
 Environmental Services   34,247    23,056    117,522    78,986  
 Field & Industrial Services   11,966    -    28,264    -  
                      
  Total   46,213    23,056    145,786    78,986  
                      
Selling, General & Administrative Expenses                     
 Environmental Services   6,901    3,301    19,422    11,826  
 Field & Industrial Services   6,371    -    13,668    -  
 Corporate   13,793    4,401    40,246    14,229  
                      
  Total   27,065    7,702    73,336    26,055  
                      
Operating income   19,148    15,354    72,450    52,931  
                      
Other income (expense):                     
 Interest income   13    8    107    19  
 Interest expense   (5,171 )  (177 )  (10,677 )  (828 )
 Foreign currency gain (loss)   (472 )  (879 )  (1,499 )  (2,327 )
 Other   93    84    669    352  
  Total other expense   (5,537 )  (964 )  (11,400 )  (2,784 )
                      
Income before income taxes   13,611    14,390    61,050    50,147  
Income tax expense   4,934    5,183    22,814    17,996  
Net income  $8,677   $9,207   $38,236   $32,151  
                      
Earnings per share:                     
 Basic  $0.40   $0.48   $1.78   $1.73  
 Diluted  $0.40   $0.48   $1.77   $1.72  
                      
Shares used in earnings per share calculation:                     
 Basic   21,571    19,171    21,537    18,592  
 Diluted   21,673    19,281    21,655    18,676  
                      
Dividends paid per share (1)  $0.18   $0.18   $0.72   $0.54  
                      
(1) First quarter 2013 dividend was accelerated and paid in December 2012
 
 
  
  
US ECOLOGY, INC. 
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS 
(in thousands) 
(unaudited) 
       
  December 31, 2014  December 31, 2013 
Assets        
         
Current Assets:        
 Cash and cash equivalents $22,971  $73,940 
 Receivables, net  135,261   43,636 
 Prepaid expenses and other current assets  11,984   3,612 
 Income tax receivable  6,181   - 
 Deferred income taxes  2,813   1,340 
  Total current assets  179,210   122,528 
         
Property and equipment, net  227,684   114,859 
Restricted cash and investments  5,729   4,097 
Intangible assets, net  278,667   36,832 
Goodwill  217,172   21,693 
Other assets  11,308   547 
Deferred income taxes  85   - 
Total assets $919,855  $300,556 
         
Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity        
         
Current Liabilities:        
 Accounts payable $24,513  $7,277
 
 Deferred revenue  13,190   8,870 
 Accrued liabilities  35,524   8,691 
 Accrued salaries and benefits  13,322   6,957 
 Income tax payable  4,124   4,428 
 Current portion of closure and post-closure obligations  5,359   949 
 Current portion of long-term debt  3,828   - 
  Total current liabilities  99,860   37,172 
         
Long-term closure and post-closure obligations  67,511   16,519 
Long-term debt  390,825   - 
Other long-term liabilities  4,336   69 
Unrecognized tax benefits  -   480 
Deferred income taxes  105,986   14,778 
 Total liabilities  668,518   69,018 
         
Contingencies and commitments        
         
Stockholders' Equity        
 Common stock  216   215 
 Additional paid-in capital  165,524   162,830 
 Retained earnings  93,301   70,597 
 Treasury stock  (18)  (319)
 Accumulated other comprehensive loss  (7,686)  (1,785)
  Total stockholders' equity  251,337   231,538 
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity $919,855  $300,556 
         
         
  
  
US ECOLOGY, INC.  
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS  
(in thousands)  
(unaudited)  
        
  For the Year Ended
December 31,
 
  2014  2013  
Cash Flows From Operating Activities:         
 Net income $38,236  $32,151  
 Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by         
 operating activities:         
  Depreciation and amortization of property and equipment  24,413   14,815  
  Amortization of intangible assets  8,207   1,461  
  Accretion of closure and post-closure obligations  2,656   1,241  
  Unrealized foreign currency loss  2,427   2,789  
  Deferred income taxes  2,035   (2,637 )
  Share-based compensation expense  1,250   865  
  Unrecognized tax benefits  (480 ) 13  
  Net loss on sale of property and equipment  421   170  
  Amortization of debt discount  74   -  
  Changes in assets and liabilities:         
   Receivables  (4,400 ) (10,408 )
   Income tax receivable  (1,798 ) -  
   Other assets  116   (403 )
   Accounts payable and accrued liabilities  (2,878 ) 1,673  
   Deferred revenue  1,890   5,197  
   Accrued salaries and benefits  771   (424 )
   Income tax payable  (389 ) 4,091  
   Closure and post-closure obligations  (1,182 ) (955 )
    Net cash provided by operating activities  71,369   49,639  
          
Cash Flows From Investing Activities:         
 Business acquisition, net of cash acquired  (460,874 ) -  
 Purchases of property and equipment  (28,434 ) (21,373 )
 Proceeds from sale of short term investments  654   -  
 Proceeds from sale of property and equipment  201   168  
 Proceeds from sale of restricted cash and investments  1,023   5,263  
 Purchases of restricted cash and investments  (1,060 ) (5,249 )
    Net cash used in investing activities  (488,490 ) (21,191 )
          
Cash Flows From Financing Activities:         
 Proceeds from term loan  413,962   -  
 Proceeds from stock option exercises  1,542   2,461  
 Proceeds from public offering (net of issuance costs of $5,229)  -   96,431  
 Deferred financing costs paid  (14,001 ) (235 )
 Dividends paid  (15,532 ) (9,978 )
 Payments on term loan  (19,384 ) -  
 Payments on reducing revolving line of credit  -   (54,500 )
 Proceeds from reducing revolving line of credit  -   9,500  
 Other  206   (1 )
    Net cash provided by financing activities  366,793   43,678  
          
Effect of foreign exchange rate changes on cash  (641 ) (306 )
          
Increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents  (50,969 ) 71,820  
          
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period  73,940   2,120  
          
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period $22,971  $73,940 

EXHIBIT A

Non-GAAP Results and Reconciliation

US Ecology reports adjusted EBITDA and adjusted earnings per diluted share results, which are non-GAAP financial measures, as a complement to results provided in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States (GAAP) and believes that such information provides analysts, stockholders, and other users information to better understand the Company's operating performance. Because adjusted EBITDA and adjusted earnings per diluted share are not measurements determined in accordance with GAAP and are thus susceptible to varying calculations they may not be comparable to similar measures used by other companies. Items excluded from adjusted EBITDA and adjusted earnings per diluted share are significant components in understanding and assessing financial performance. 

Adjusted EBITDA and adjusted earnings per diluted share should not be considered in isolation or as an alternative to, or substitute for, net income, cash flows generated by operations, investing or financing activities, or other financial statement data presented in the consolidated financial statements as indicators of financial performance or liquidity. Adjusted EBITDA and adjusted earnings per diluted share have limitations as analytical tools and should not be considered in isolation or a substitute for analyzing our results as reported under GAAP. Some of the limitations are:

  • Adjusted EBITDA does not reflect changes in, or cash requirements for, our working capital needs;
  • Adjusted EBITDA does not reflect our interest expense, or the requirements necessary to service interest or principal payments on our debt;
  • Adjusted EBITDA does not reflect our income tax expenses or the cash requirements to pay our taxes;
  • Adjusted EBITDA does not reflect our cash expenditures or future requirements for capital expenditures or contractual commitments; and
  • although depreciation and amortization charges are non-cash charges, the assets being depreciated and amortized will often have to be replaced in the future, and adjusted EBITDA does not reflect cash requirements for such replacements.

Adjusted EBITDA

The Company defines adjusted EBITDA as net income before interest expense, interest income, income tax expense, depreciation, amortization, stock based compensation, accretion of closure and post-closure liabilities, foreign currency gain/loss and other income/expense, which are not considered part of usual business operations. The following reconciliation itemizes the differences between reported net income and adjusted EBITDA for the three months and year ended December 31, 2014 and 2013:

        
        
(in thousands) Three Months Ended December 31,  For the Year Ended December 31,  
  2014  2013  2014   2013  
               
Net Income $8,677  $9,207  $38,236   $ 32,151  
 Income tax expense  4,934   5,183   22,814   17,996  
 Interest expense  5,171   177   10,677   828  
 Interest income  (13 ) (8 ) (107 ) (19
 Foreign currency (gain)/loss  472   879   1,499   2,327  
 Other income  (93 ) (84 ) (669 ) (352
 Depreciation and amortization of plant and equipment  7,682   4,023   24,413   14,815  
 Amortization of intangible assets  2,974   369   8,207   1,461  
 Stock-based compensation  382   264   1,250   865  
 Accretion and non-cash adjustments of closure & post-closure obligations  981   187   2,656   1,114  
Adjusted EBITDA $31,167  $20,197  $108,976   $ 71,186 
             
             

EXHIBIT A

Non-GAAP Results and Reconciliation, continued

Adjusted Earnings Per Diluted Share
The Company defines adjusted earnings per diluted share as net income plus the after tax impact of non-cash, non-operational foreign currency gains or losses ("Foreign Currency Gain/Loss") plus the after tax impact of business development costs divided by the number of diluted shares used in the earnings per share calculation. The Foreign Currency Gain/Loss excluded from the earnings per diluted share calculation are related to intercompany loans between our Canadian subsidiary and the U.S. parent which have been established as part of our tax and treasury management strategy. These intercompany loans are payable in Canadian dollars ("CAD") requiring us to revalue the outstanding loan balance through our consolidated income statement based on the CAD/United States currency movements from period to period. We believe excluding the currency movements for these intercompany financial instruments provides meaningful information to investors regarding the operational and financial performance of the Company.

Business development costs relate to expenses incurred to evaluate businesses for potential acquisition or costs related to closing and integrating successfully acquired businesses. We believe excluding these business development costs provides meaningful information to investors regarding the operational and financial performance of the Company.

The following reconciliation itemizes the differences between reported net income and earnings per diluted share to adjusted net income and adjusted earnings per diluted share for the three months and year ended December 31, 2014 and 2013:

       
(in thousands, except per share data)  Three Months Ended December 31,  For the Year Ended December 31,
   2014  2013  2014  2013
                         
      per share     per share     per share     per share
Net income / earnings per diluted share  $8,677  $0.40  $9,207  $0.48  $38,236  $1.77  $32,151  $1.72
                                 
Business development costs, net of tax   514   0.02   228   0.01   4,851   0.22   254   0.01
Non-cash foreign currency (gain)/loss, net of tax   77   -   684   0.03   700   0.03   1,597   0.09
                                 
Adjusted net income / adjusted earnings per diluted share  $9,268  $0.42  $10,119  $0.52  $43,787  $2.02  $34,002  $1.82
                                 
Shares used in earnings per diluted share calculation   21,673       19,281       21,655       18,676    
                         
                         

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