SOURCE: Warner Music Group

Warner Music Group

December 12, 2013 07:30 ET

Warner Music Group Corp. Reports Results for Fiscal Fourth Quarter and Full Year Ended September 30, 2013

NEW YORK, NY--(Marketwired - Dec 12, 2013) -

  • Quarterly revenue grew 7% on a constant-currency basis including the Parlophone Label Group acquisition
  • Digital Recorded Music revenue growth more than offset physical revenue decline for the fiscal year
  • Adjusted OIBDA and Adjusted OIBDA margin grew for the fiscal year

Warner Music Group Corp. today announced its fourth-quarter and full-year financial results for the period ended September 30, 2013.

"This was a year of significant accomplishment at Warner Music Group," said Stephen Cooper, Warner Music Group's CEO. "We intensified our focus on signing and developing extraordinary artists, we executed well on our digital strategy and we acquired and have been successfully integrating Parlophone Label Group."

"We also significantly improved our financial flexibility over the course of the fiscal year. Even as we increased our borrowings in order to finance the acquisition of Parlophone Label Group, we lowered our annual interest expense through debt repayments and refinancings of our debt," added Brian Roberts, Warner Music Group's Executive Vice President and CFO.

Total WMG

 
Total WMG Summary Results      
(dollars in millions)      
    For the Three Months Ended September 30, 2013   For the Three Months Ended September 30, 2012   % Change   For the Twelve Months Ended September 30, 2013   For the Twelve Months Ended September 30, 2012   % Change
    (unaudited)   (unaudited)       (unaudited)   (unaudited)    
Revenue   $ 764     $ 731     5 %   $ 2,871     $ 2,780     3 %
Digital Revenue     283       241     17 %     1,076       925     16 %
Operating (loss) income     (41 )     41     -       75       109     (31 %)
Adjusted operating income�(1)     17       49     (65 %)     146       123     19 %
OIBDA     36       103     (65 %)     333       353     (6 %)
Adjusted OIBDA(1)     94       111     (15 %)     404       367     10 %
Net loss attributable to Warner Music Group Corp.     (57 )     (18 )   -       (198 )     (112 )   (77 %)
Adjusted Net income (loss) attributable to Warner Music Group Corp. (1)   $ 1     $ (10 )   110 %   $ (127 )   $ (98 )   (30 %)
                                             
                                             
(1) See "Supplemental Disclosures Regarding Non-GAAP Financial Measures" at the end of this release for details regarding these measures.        
                                             

Fourth-Quarter Results
For the quarter, revenue grew 4.5%, and 7.3% in constant currency, driven in part by the July 1, 2013 acquisition of Parlophone Label Group ("PLG"). Excluding PLG, revenue declined 3.6%, and 1.0% in constant currency, due to an anticipated light release schedule. Excluding PLG, growth in digital Recorded Music revenue, Artist Services and Expanded Rights revenue and Recorded Music licensing revenue was more than offset by declines in physical Recorded Music revenue and total Music Publishing revenue. Constant-currency revenue growth in the U.K., Spain and France and revenue growth in the U.S., driven in part by the PLG acquisition, was partially offset by declines in Japan and Germany. Digital revenue grew 17.4%, or 19.4% in constant currency, and digital revenue represented 37.0% of total revenue for the quarter, compared to 33.0% in the prior-year quarter. Growth in digital revenue reflects the acquisition of PLG, as well as revenue growth related to download and subscription/streaming services. 

Adjusted operating margin contracted 4.5 percentage points to 2.2% from 6.7%. Adjusted OIBDA declined 15.3% and adjusted OIBDA margin contracted 2.9 percentage points to 12.3% from 15.2%. The decline in adjusted OIBDA margin was related to revenue declines in Japan, which is typically a higher-margin territory, as well as growth in lower-margin European concert promotion revenue and merchandising revenue. Operating income, adjusted operating income, OIBDA and adjusted OIBDA for the quarter included minimal severance charges (not including those associated with the PLG acquisition), compared to $14 million of severance charges in the prior-year quarter ($11 million in Recorded Music, $2 million in Music Publishing and $1 million in Corporate) (the "Quarterly Severance Charges").

Adjusted net income of $1 million reflects the impact of an income tax benefit related to deferred tax benefits for higher losses in foreign jurisdictions as well as a change in the U.K. tax rate.

Adjusted operating income, adjusted OIBDA and adjusted net income (loss) exclude the impact of items relating to the acquisition of PLG in the current year and the sale of EMI in the prior year. See below for calculations and reconciliations of OIBDA, adjusted operating income, adjusted OIBDA and adjusted net income (loss). 

As of September 30, 2013, the company reported a cash balance of $155 million, total long-term debt of $2.867 billion and net debt (total long-term debt minus cash) of $2.712 billion. 

Cash provided by operating activities was $12 million compared to $102 million in the prior-year quarter. The decline in cash provided by operating activities primarily reflects expenses related to the acquisition of PLG, including higher professional fees and integration costs, as well as an increase in cash paid for interest due to the timing of interest payments as a result of debt transactions during fiscal 2013. Free Cash Flow, defined below, was negative $720 million compared to $80 million in the prior-year quarter. The largest factor impacting the year-over-year change in Free Cash Flow for the quarter was the cash payment of approximately $765 million on July 1, 2013 associated with the acquisition of PLG. 

Full-Year Results
For the fiscal year, revenue grew 3.3%, or 5.0% in constant currency. Growth in Recorded Music digital revenue, Recorded Music licensing revenue and Artist Services and Expanded Rights revenue, each helped in part by the acquisition of PLG, as well as growth in Music Publishing digital revenue, more than offset declines in Recorded Music physical revenue and Music Publishing mechanical, performance and synchronization revenue. Digital revenue grew 16.3%, or 17.0% in constant currency, and represented 37.5% of total revenue, compared to 33.3% in the prior fiscal year. Excluding the acquisition of PLG, revenue grew 1.2%, or 2.8% on a constant-currency basis.

Adjusted operating margin expanded 0.7 percentage points to 5.1% from 4.4% in the prior fiscal year. Adjusted OIBDA grew 10.1% to $404 million and adjusted OIBDA margin expanded 0.9 percentage points to 14.1% from 13.2% in the prior fiscal year. The improvement in adjusted OIBDA and adjusted OIBDA margin was related to the continued shift to higher-margin digital revenue as well as the focus on higher-margin Music Publishing deals, partially offset by increased product costs due to growth in Artist Services and Expanded Rights revenue. Operating income, adjusted operating income, OIBDA and adjusted OIBDA in the fiscal year included $11 million of severance charges ($9 million in Recorded Music, $1 million in Music Publishing and $1 million in Corporate, not including charges associated with the PLG acquisition) compared to $42 million of severance charges in the prior fiscal year ($35 million in Recorded Music, $4 million in Music Publishing and $3 million in Corporate) (the "Fiscal-Year Severance Charges"). 

Adjusted net loss reflects a loss on extinguishment of debt of $85 million related to the November 2012 refinancing of the company's Senior Secured Notes due 2016 and the June 2013 redemption of 10% of the company's Senior Secured Notes due 2021. This loss was partially offset by a decline in interest expense from $225 million to $203 million. The decline in interest expense is a result of the November 2012 refinancing and the May 2013 modification of the company's Term Loan Facility, both of which resulted in lower interest rates on portions of our outstanding debt, partially offset by the increase in aggregate outstanding debt as a result of the acquisition of PLG. Adjusted net loss also reflects the impact of an income tax benefit related to deferred tax benefits for higher losses in foreign jurisdictions as well as a change in the U.K. tax rate. 

Cash provided by operating activities was $159 million compared to $209 million in the prior fiscal year. The decline in cash provided by operating activities primarily reflects expenses related to the acquisition of PLG, including higher professional fees and integration costs, as well as an increase in cash paid for interest due to the timing of interest payments as a result of debt transactions during fiscal 2013. Free Cash Flow was negative $649 million, compared to $151 million in the prior fiscal year. The largest factor impacting the year-over-year change in Free Cash Flow was the cash payment of approximately $765 million on July 1, 2013 associated with the acquisition of PLG. 

Recorded Music

                         
Recorded Music Summary Results
(dollars in millions)
    For the Three Months Ended September 30, 2013   For the Three Months Ended September 30, 2012   % Change   For the Twelve Months Ended September 30, 2013   For the Twelve Months Ended September 30, 2012   % Change
    (unaudited)   (unaudited)       (unaudited)   (unaudited)    
Revenue   $ 644     $ 606   6 %   $ 2,389   $ 2,281   5 %
Digital Revenue     262       222   18 %     997     865   15 %
Operating (loss) income     (49 )     36   -       92     126   (27 %)
Adjusted operating income�(1)     13       36   (64 %)     161     126   28 %
OIBDA     8       78   (90 %)     270     289   (7 %)
Adjusted OIBDA(1)   $ 70     $ 78   (10 %)   $ 339   $ 289   17 %
                                       
                                       
(1) See "Supplemental Disclosures Regarding Non-GAAP Financial Measures" at the end of this release for details regarding these measures.  
                                       

Fourth-Quarter Results
Recorded Music revenue grew 6.3%, or 9.7% in constant currency, due in part to the acquisition of PLG. Excluding PLG, revenue declined 3.5%, or 0.3% in constant currency, as a result of an anticipated light release schedule. Digital, licensing and Artist Services and Expanded Rights revenue all grew but were more than offset by a decline in physical revenue. Licensing revenue growth was largely driven by the acquisition of PLG and Artist Services and Expanded Rights revenue growth was driven by an increase in concert promotion and merchandising revenue, as well as the acquisition of PLG. Digital revenue grew 18.0%, or 19.6% in constant currency, and represented 40.7% of total Recorded Music revenue, compared to 36.6% in the prior-year quarter. Domestic Recorded Music digital revenue was $126 million, or 52.5% of total domestic Recorded Music revenue. Major sellers included Superfly, Bruno Mars, Avenged Sevenfold, Birdy and Blake Shelton. 

Recorded Music adjusted operating margin contracted 3.9 percentage points to 2.0% from 5.9% in the prior-year quarter. Recorded Music Adjusted OIBDA was down 10.3% and Recorded Music Adjusted OIBDA margin declined 2.0 percentage points to 10.9% from 12.9% in the prior-year quarter due to revenue declines in Japan, which is typically a higher-margin territory, as well as growth in lower-margin European concert promotion revenue and merchandising revenue. Operating income, adjusted operating income, OIBDA and adjusted OIBDA reflect the impact of the Quarterly Severance Charges.

Full-Year Results
Recorded Music revenue grew 4.7%, or 6.7% in constant currency. Excluding PLG, Recorded Music revenue grew 2.1%, or 4.1% in constant currency. For the second consecutive fiscal year, growth in digital revenue more than offset the decline in physical revenue on a global basis. Artist Services and Expanded Rights revenue and Recorded Music licensing revenue also grew. Digital Recorded Music revenue grew 15.3%, or 15.9% in constant currency, and represented 41.7% of Recorded Music revenue for the fiscal year, up from 37.9% in the prior fiscal year. Domestic Recorded Music digital revenue amounted to $529 million, or 54.4% of total domestic Recorded Music revenue. Major sellers included Bruno Mars, Led Zeppelin, Michael Bublé, fun. and Ed Sheeran. 

Recorded Music adjusted operating margin expanded 1.2 percentage points to 6.7% from 5.5% in the prior year. Recorded Music Adjusted OIBDA improved 17.3% to $339 million and Recorded Music Adjusted OIBDA margin expanded 1.5 percentage points to 14.2% as a result of the continued shift to higher-margin digital revenue, partially offset by increased product costs due to growth in Artist Services and Expanded Rights revenue. Operating income, adjusted operating income, OIBDA and adjusted OIBDA reflect the impact of the Fiscal-Year Severance Charges.

Music Publishing

                         
Music Publishing Summary Results
(dollars in millions)
    For the Three Months Ended September 30, 2013   For the Three Months Ended September 30, 2012   % Change   For the Twelve Months Ended September 30, 2013   For the Twelve Months Ended September 30, 2012   % Change
    (unaudited)   (unaudited)       (unaudited)   (unaudited)    
Revenue   $ 126   $ 132   (5 %)   $ 503   $ 518   (3 %)
Digital Revenue     21     22   (5 %)     83     66   26 %
Operating income     34     36   (6 %)     81     79   3 %
OIBDA     51     53   (4 %)     148     146   1 %
                                     
                                     

Fourth-Quarter Results
Music Publishing revenue declined 4.5% on both an as reported and constant-currency basis. Digital revenue slipped 4.5%, but was flat in constant currency. Mechanical revenue declined 6.9%, or 10.0% in constant currency. Synchronization revenue declined 8.0% on both an as reported and constant-currency basis. Performance revenue declined 1.9%, or 3.8% in constant currency. 

Music Publishing operating margin contracted 0.3 percentage points to 27.0% from 27.3% in the prior-year quarter. Music Publishing OIBDA declined 3.8% to $51 million while Music Publishing OIBDA margin expanded 0.3 percentage points to 40.5% from 40.2%. Operating income and OIBDA reflect the impact of the Quarterly Severance Charges.

Full-Year Results
Music Publishing revenue declined 2.9%, or 2.3% in constant currency. The decrease in Music Publishing revenue was driven by an 11.7%, or 11.0% in constant currency, decrease in mechanical revenue, due to the ongoing digital transition in the recorded music industry, an 11.7% decrease in synchronization revenue, on both an as reported and constant-currency basis, related to lower video game and commercial revenue and a 1.5% decline in performance revenue, or 1.0% in constant currency. These decreases were partially offset by an increase in digital revenue of 25.8% on both an as reported and constant-currency basis. Digital Music Publishing revenue represented 16.5% of total Music Publishing revenue in the fiscal year, compared to 12.7% in the prior fiscal year. 

Music Publishing operating margin was 16.1%, up 0.8 percentage points from 15.3% in the prior fiscal year. Music Publishing OIBDA grew 1.4% to $148 million, while Music Publishing OIBDA margin was 29.4%, up 1.2 percentage points from 28.2% in the prior fiscal year. The increase in OIBDA and OIBDA margin is due to a shift towards higher-margin deals and lower SG&A expense. Operating income and OIBDA reflect the impact of the Fiscal-Year Severance Charges. 

Financial details for the quarter and fiscal year can be found in the company's Annual Report on Form 10-K, for the period ended September 30, 2013, filed today with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

This morning, management will be hosting a conference call to discuss the results at 8:30 A.M. EST. The call will be webcast on www.wmg.com.

About Warner Music Group
With its broad roster of new stars and legendary artists, Warner Music Group is home to a collection of the best-known record labels in the music industry including Asylum, Atlantic, Big Beat, East West, Elektra, Erato, Fueled by Ramen, Nonesuch, Parlophone, Reprise, Rhino, Roadrunner, Rykodisc, Sire, Warner Bros., Warner Classics, Warner Music Nashville and Word, as well as Warner/Chappell Music, one of the world's leading music publishers, with a catalog of more than one million copyrights worldwide.

"Safe Harbor" Statement under Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995
This communication includes forward-looking statements that reflect the current views of Warner Music Group about future events and financial performance. Words such as "estimates," "expects," "anticipates," "projects," "plans," "intends," "believes," "forecasts" and variations of such words or similar expressions that predict or indicate future events or trends, or that do not relate to historical matters, identify forward-looking statements. All forward-looking statements are made as of today, and we disclaim any duty to update such statements. Our expectations, beliefs and projections are expressed in good faith and we believe there is a reasonable basis for them. However, we cannot assure you that management's expectations, beliefs and projections will result or be achieved. Investors should not rely on forward-looking statements because they are subject to a variety of risks, uncertainties, and other factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from our expectations. Please refer to our Form 10-K, Form 10-Qs and our other filings with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission concerning factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those described in our forward-looking statements.

We maintain an Internet site at www.wmg.com. We use our website as a channel of distribution of material company information. Financial and other material information regarding Warner Music Group is routinely posted on and accessible at http://investors.wmg.com. In addition, you may automatically receive email alerts and other information about Warner Music Group by enrolling your email by visiting the "email alerts" section at http://investors.wmg.com. Our website and the information posted on it or connected to it shall not be deemed to be incorporated by reference into this communication.

   
Figure 1. Warner Music Group Corp. - Consolidated Statements of Operations, Three & Twelve Months Ended 9/30/13 versus 9/30/12
(dollars in millions)
 
                   
                   
    For the Three Months Ended September 30, 2013     For the Three Months Ended September 30, 2012     % Change  
    (unaudited)     (unaudited)        
Revenues   $ 764     $ 731     5 %
Costs and expenses:                      
Cost of revenues     (391 )     (368 )   (6 %)
Selling, general and administrative expenses     (350 )     (274 )   (28 %)
Amortization expense     (64 )     (48 )   (33 %)
Total costs and expenses   $ (805 )   $ (690 )   (17 %)
Operating (loss) income   $ (41 )   $ 41     -  
Interest expense, net     (54 )     (56 )   4 %
Other (expense) income, net     (1 )     2     (150 %)
Loss before income taxes   $ (96 )   $ (13 )   -  
Income tax benefit (expense)     39       (4 )   -  
Net loss   $ (57 )   $ (17 )   -  
Less: income attributable to noncontrolling interest     -       (1 )   100 %
Net loss attributable to Warner Music Group Corp.   $ (57 )   $ (18 )   -  
                       
                       
    For the Twelve Months Ended September 30, 2013     For the Twelve Months Ended September 30, 2012     % Change  
    (audited)     (audited)        
Revenues   $ 2,871     $ 2,780     3 %
Costs and expenses:                      
Cost of revenues     (1,499 )     (1,459 )   (3 %)
Selling, general and administrative expenses     (1,090 )     (1,019 )   (7 %)
Amortization expense     (207 )     (193 )   (7 %)
Total costs and expenses   $ (2,796 )   $ (2,671 )   (5 %)
Operating income   $ 75     $ 109     (31 %)
Loss on extinguishment of debt     (85 )     -     NM  
Interest expense, net     (203 )     (225 )   10 %
Other (expense) income, net     (12 )     8     -  
Loss before income taxes   $ (225 )   $ (108 )   (108 %)
Income tax benefit (expense)     31       (1 )   -  
Net loss   $ (194 )   $ (109 )   (78 %)
Less: income attributable to noncontrolling interest     (4 )     (3 )   (33 %)
Net loss attributable to Warner Music Group Corp.   $ (198 )   $ (112 )   (77 %)
                       
                       
   
Figure 2. Warner Music Group Corp. - Consolidated Balance Sheets as of 9/30/13 and 09/30/12
(dollars in millions)
 
                   
    September 30,
2013
    September 30,
2012
    %
Change
 
    (audited)     (audited)        
Assets:                      
Current assets                      
  Cash & equivalents   $ 155     $ 302     (49 %)
  Accounts receivable, net     511       398     28 %
  Inventories     33       28     18 %
  Royalty advances (expected to be recouped w/in 1 year)     93       116     (20 %)
  Deferred tax assets     43       51     (16 %)
  Other current assets     59       44     34 %
Total current assets   $ 894     $ 939     (5 %)
Royalty advances (expected to be recouped after 1 year)     173       142     22 %
Property, plant & equipment, net     180       152     18 %
Goodwill     1,668       1,380     21 %
Intangible assets subject to amortization, net     3,107       2,499     24 %
Intangible assets not subject to amortization     120       102     18 %
Other assets     110       64     72 %
Total assets   $ 6,252     $ 5,278     18 %
                       
Liabilities and Equity:                      
Current liabilities                      
  Accounts payable   $ 280     $ 156     79 %
  Accrued royalties     1,147       997     15 %
  Accrued liabilities     321       253     27 %
  Accrued interest     75       89     (16 %)
  Deferred revenue     139       101     38 %
  Current portion of long-term debt     13       -     NM  
  Other current liabilities     25       10     150 %
Total current liabilities   $ 2,000     $ 1,606     25 %
                       
Long-term debt     2,854       2,206     29 %
Deferred tax liabilities     439       375     17 %
Other noncurrent liabilities     216       147     47 %
Total liabilities   $ 5,509     $ 4,334     27 %
                       
Equity:                      
Common stock     -       -     NM  
Additional paid-in capital     1,128       1,129     (0 %)
Accumulated deficit     (341 )     (143 )   (138 %)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss     (61 )     (59 )   (3 %)
Total Warner Music Group Corp. equity   $ 726     $ 927     (22 %)
                       
Noncontrolling interest     17       17     -  
Total equity     743       944     (21 %)
                       
Total liabilities and equity   $ 6,252     $ 5,278     18 %
                       
                       
   
Figure 3. Warner Music Group Corp. - Summarized Statements of Cash Flows, Three & Twelve Months Ended 9/30/13 versus 9/30/12
(dollars in millions)
 
             
             
    For the Three Months Ended September 30, 2013     For the Three Months Ended September 30, 2012  
    (unaudited)     (unaudited)  
Net cash provided by operating activities   $ 12     $ 102  
Net cash used in investing activities     (732 )     (22 )
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities     771       (1 )
Effect of foreign currency exchange rates on cash and equivalents     2       4  
Net increase in cash and equivalents   $ 53     $ 83  
                 
                 
                 
    For the Twelve Months Ended September 30, 2013     For the Twelve Months Ended September 30, 2012  
    (audited)     (audited)  
Net cash provided by operating activities   $ 159     $ 209  
Net cash used in investing activities     (808 )     (58 )
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities     511       (3 )
Effect of foreign currency exchange rates on cash and equivalents     (9 )     -  
Net (decrease) increase in cash and equivalents   $ (147 )   $ 148  
                 

Supplemental Disclosures Regarding Non-GAAP Financial Measures

We evaluate our operating performance based on several factors, including the following non-GAAP financial measures:

OIBDA
OIBDA reflects our operating income before non-cash depreciation of tangible assets and non-cash amortization of intangible assets. We consider OIBDA to be an important indicator of the operational strengths and performance of our businesses, and believe the presentation of OIBDA helps improve the ability to understand our operating performance and evaluate our performance in comparison to comparable periods. However, a limitation of the use of OIBDA as a performance measure is that it does not reflect the periodic costs of certain capitalized tangible and intangible assets used in generating revenue in our businesses. Accordingly, OIBDA should be considered in addition to, not as a substitute for, operating income, net (loss) income and other measures of financial performance reported in accordance with GAAP. In addition, OIBDA, as we calculate it, may not be comparable to similarly titled measures employed by other companies. 

   
Figure 4. Warner Music Group Corp. - Reconciliation of OIBDA to Net Loss, Three & Twelve Months Ended 9/30/13 versus 9/30/12
(dollars in millions)
 
                   
                   
                   
    For the Three Months Ended September 30, 2013     For the Three Months Ended September 30, 2012     % Change  
    (unaudited)     (unaudited)        
OIBDA   $ 36     $ 103     (65 %)
Depreciation expense     (13 )     (14 )   7 %
Amortization expense     (64 )     (48 )   (33 %)
Operating (loss) income   $ (41 )   $ 41     -  
Interest expense, net     (54 )     (56 )   4 %
Other (expense) income, net     (1 )     2     (150 %)
Loss before income taxes   $ (96 )   $ (13 )   -  
Income tax benefit (expense)     39       (4 )   -  
Net loss   $ (57 )   $ (17 )   -  
Less: income attributable to noncontrolling interest     -       (1 )   100 %
Net loss attributable to Warner Music Group Corp.   $ (57 )   $ (18 )   -  
                       
                       
Operating income margin     (5.4 %)     5.6 %      
OIBDA margin     4.7 %     14.1 %      
                       
                       
    For the Twelve Months Ended September 30, 2013     For the Twelve Months Ended September 30, 2012     % Change  
    (audited)     (audited)        
OIBDA   $ 333     $ 353     (6 %)
Depreciation expense     (51 )     (51 )   -  
Amortization expense     (207 )     (193 )   (7 %)
Operating income   $ 75     $ 109     (31 %)
Loss on extinguishment of debt     (85 )     -     NM  
Interest expense, net     (203 )     (225 )   10 %
Other (expense) income, net     (12 )     8     -  
Loss before income taxes   $ (225 )   $ (108 )   (108 %)
Income tax benefit (expense)     31       (1 )   -  
Net loss   $ (194 )   $ (109 )   (78 %)
Less: income attributable to noncontrolling interest     (4 )     (3 )   (33 %)
Net loss attributable to Warner Music Group Corp.   $ (198 )   $ (112 )   (77 %)
                       
                       
Operating income margin     2.6 %     3.9 %      
OIBDA margin     11.6 %     12.7 %      
                       
                       
   
Figure 5. Warner Music Group Corp. - Reconciliation of Segment Operating Income to OIBDA, Three & Twelve Months Ended 9/30/13 versus 9/30/12
(dollars in millions)
 
                 
                 
    For the Three Months Ended September 30, 2013     For the Three Months Ended September 30, 2012   % Change  
    (unaudited)     (unaudited)      
Total WMG operating (loss) income - GAAP   $ (41 )   $ 41   -  
Depreciation and amortization expense     77       62   24 %
Total WMG OIBDA   $ 36     $ 103   (65 %)
                     
Recorded Music operating (loss) income - GAAP   $ (49 )   $ 36   -  
Depreciation and amortization expense     57       42   36 %
Recorded Music OIBDA   $ 8     $ 78   (90 %)
                     
Music Publishing operating income - GAAP   $ 34     $ 36   (6 %)
Depreciation and amortization expense     17       17   -  
Music Publishing OIBDA   $ 51     $ 53   (4 %)
                     
                     
    For the Twelve Months Ended September 30, 2013     For the Twelve Months Ended September 30, 2012   % Change  
    (audited)     (audited)      
Total WMG operating income - GAAP   $ 75     $ 109   (31 %)
Depreciation and amortization expense     258       244   6 %
Total WMG OIBDA   $ 333     $ 353   (6 %)
                     
Recorded Music operating income - GAAP   $ 92     $ 126   (27 %)
Depreciation and amortization expense     178       163   9 %
Recorded Music OIBDA   $ 270     $ 289   (7 %)
                     
Music Publishing operating income - GAAP   $ 81     $ 79   3 %
Depreciation and amortization expense     67       67   -  
Music Publishing OIBDA   $ 148     $ 146   1 %
                     

Adjusted Operating Income, Adjusted OIBDA and Adjusted Net (Loss) Income
Adjusted operating income, adjusted OIBDA and adjusted net (loss) income is operating income, OIBDA and net (loss) income, respectively, adjusted to exclude the impact of certain items that affect comparability ("Factors Affecting Comparability"). Factors affecting period-to-period comparability of the unadjusted measures in fiscal year 2013 included PLG acquisition and integration expenses related to our acquisition of PLG, which existed in fiscal year 2013 but not 2012, as well as expenses incurred in relation to the sale of EMI, which existed in fiscal year 2012 but not 2013. We use adjusted operating income, adjusted OIBDA and adjusted net (loss) income to evaluate our actual operating performance. We believe that the adjusted results provide relevant and useful information for investors because they clarify our actual operating performance, make it easier to compare our results with those of other companies in our industry and allow investors to review performance in the same way as our management. Since these are not measures of performance calculated in accordance with GAAP, they should not be considered in isolation of, or as a substitute for, operating income, OIBDA and net loss attributable to WMG as indicators of operating performance, and they may not be comparable to similarly titled measures employed by other companies.

 
Figure 6. Warner Music Group Corp. - Reconciliation of Reported to Adjusted Results, Three & Twelve Months Ended 9/30/13 and 9/30/12
(dollars in millions)
 
 
For the Three Months Ended September 30, 2013
    Total WMG Operating (loss) Income     Recorded Music Operating (loss) Income     Music Publishing Operating Income   Total WMG OIBDA   Recorded Music OIBDA   Music Publishing OIBDA   Net (loss) income attributable to Warner Music Group Corp.  
    (unaudited)     (unaudited)     (unaudited)   (unaudited)   (unaudited)   (unaudited)   (unaudited)  
Reported Results   $ (41 )   $ (49 )   $ 34   $ 36   $ 8   $ 51   $ (57 )
Factors Affecting Comparability:                                                
  PLG Acquisition Expense     39       43       -     39     43     -     39  
  PLG Integration Expense     19       19       -     19     19     -     19  
Adjusted Results   $ 17     $ 13     $ 34   $ 94   $ 70   $ 51   $ 1  
                                                 
                                                 
For the Three Months Ended September 30, 2012
    Total WMG Operating Income     Recorded Music Operating Income     Music Publishing Operating Income   Total WMG OIBDA   Recorded Music OIBDA   Music Publishing OIBDA   Net loss attributable to Warner Music Group Corp.  
    (unaudited)     (unaudited)     (unaudited)   (unaudited)   (unaudited)   (unaudited)   (unaudited)  
Reported Results   $ 41     $ 36     $ 36   $ 103   $ 78   $ 53   $ (18 )
Factors Affecting Comparability:                                                
  EMI Sale Related Expenses     8       -       -     8     -     -     8  
Adjusted Results   $ 49     $ 36     $ 36   $ 111   $ 78   $ 53   $ (10 )
                                                 
                                                 
For the Twelve Months Ended September 30, 2013
    Total WMG Operating Income     Recorded Music Operating Income     Music Publishing Operating Income   Total WMG OIBDA   Recorded Music OIBDA   Music Publishing OIBDA   Net loss attributable to Warner Music Group Corp.  
    (unaudited)     (unaudited)     (unaudited)   (unaudited)   (unaudited)   (unaudited)   (unaudited)  
Reported Results   $ 75     $ 92     $ 81   $ 333   $ 270   $ 148   $ (198 )
Factors Affecting Comparability:                                                
  PLG Acquisition Expense     49       47       -     49     47     -     49  
  PLG Integration Expense     22       22       -     22     22     -     22  
Adjusted Results   $ 146     $ 161     $ 81   $ 404   $ 339   $ 148   $ (127 )
                                                 
                                                 
For the Twelve Months Ended September 30, 2012
    Total WMG Operating Income     Recorded Music Operating Income     Music Publishing Operating Income   Total WMG OIBDA   Recorded Music OIBDA   Music Publishing OIBDA   Net loss attributable to Warner Music Group Corp.  
    (unaudited)     (unaudited)     (unaudited)   (unaudited)   (unaudited)   (unaudited)   (unaudited)  
Reported Results   $ 109     $ 126     $ 79   $ 353   $ 289   $ 146   $ (112 )
Factors Affecting Comparability:                                                
  EMI Sale Related Expenses     14       -       -     14     -     -     14  
Adjusted Results   $ 123     $ 126     $ 79   $ 367   $ 289   $ 146   $ (98 )
                                                 

Constant Currency
Because exchange rates are an important factor in understanding period-to-period comparisons, we believe the presentation of revenue on a constant-currency basis in addition to reported revenue helps improve the ability to understand our operating results and evaluate our performance in comparison to prior periods. Constant-currency information compares results between periods as if exchange rates had remained constant period over period. We use results on a constant-currency basis as one measure to evaluate our performance. We calculate constant-currency results by applying current-year foreign currency exchange rates to prior-year results. However, a limitation of the use of the constant-currency results as a performance measure is that it does not reflect the impact of exchange rates on our revenue, including, for example, the $20 million unfavorable impact of exchange rates on our Total and Recorded Music revenue, in the three months ended September 30, 2013 compared to the prior-year quarter. These results should be considered in addition to, not as a substitute for, results reported in accordance with GAAP. Results on a constant-currency basis, as we present them, may not be comparable to similarly titled measures used by other companies and are not a measure of performance presented in accordance with GAAP. 

   
Figure 7. Warner Music Group Corp. - Revenue by Geography and Segment, Three & Twelve Months Ended 9/30/13 versus 9/30/12 as Reported and Constant Currency
(dollars in millions)
 
                   
    For the Three Months Ended September 30, 2013     For the Three Months Ended September 30, 2012     For the Three Months Ended September 30, 2012  
    As reported     As reported     Constant $  
    (unaudited)     (unaudited)     (unaudited)  
                         
                         
US revenue                        
  Recorded Music   $ 240     $ 228     $ 228  
  Music Publishing     49       50       50  
                         
International revenue                        
  Recorded Music     404       378       359  
  Music Publishing     77       82       82  
                         
Intersegment eliminations     (6 )     (7 )     (7 )
                         
Total Revenue   $ 764     $ 731     $ 712  
                         
Revenue by Segment:                        
Recorded Music                        
  Physical   $ 233     $ 271     $ 251  
  Digital     262       222       219  
  Total Physical & Digital     495       493       470  
  Licensing     57       47       48  
  Artist services & expanded rights     92       66       69  
Total Recorded Music     644       606       587  
Music Publishing                        
  Performance     51       52       53  
  Mechanical     27       29       30  
  Synchronization     23       25       25  
  Digital     21       22       21  
  Other     4       4       3  
Total Music Publishing     126       132       132  
Intersegment eliminations     (6 )     (7 )     (7 )
Total Revenue   $ 764     $ 731     $ 712  
                         
                         
Total Digital Revenue   $ 283     $ 241     $ 237  
                         
                         
                         
    For the Twelve Months Ended September 30, 2013     For the Twelve Months Ended September 30, 2012     For the Twelve Months Ended September 30, 2012  
    As reported     As reported     Constant $  
    (audited)     (audited)     (unaudited)  
                         
                         
US revenue                        
  Recorded Music   $ 973     $ 915     $ 915  
  Music Publishing     188       198       198  
                         
International revenue                        
  Recorded Music     1,416       1,366       1,324  
  Music Publishing     315       320       317  
                         
Intersegment eliminations     (21 )     (19 )     (19 )
                         
Total Revenue   $ 2,871     $ 2,780     $ 2,735  
                         
Revenue by Segment:                        
Recorded Music                        
  Physical   $ 900     $ 970     $ 937  
  Digital     997       865       860  
  Total Physical and Digital     1,897       1,835       1,797  
  Licensing     222       202       198  
  Artist services & expanded rights     270       244       244  
Total Recorded Music     2,389       2,281       2,239  
Music Publishing                        
  Performance     197       200       199  
  Mechanical     113       128       127  
  Synchronization     98       111       111  
  Digital     83       66       66  
  Other     12       13       12  
Total Music Publishing     503       518       515  
Intersegment eliminations     (21 )     (19 )     (19 )
Total Revenue   $ 2,871     $ 2,780     $ 2,735  
                         
Total Digital Revenue   $ 1,076     $ 925     $ 920  
                         

Free Cash Flow
Free Cash Flow reflects our cash flow provided by operating activities less capital expenditures and cash paid or received for investments. We use Free Cash Flow, among other measures, to evaluate our operating performance. Management believes Free Cash Flow provides investors with an important perspective on the cash available to service debt, fund ongoing operations and working capital needs, make strategic acquisitions and investments and pay any dividends or fund any repurchases of our outstanding notes or common stock in open market purchases, privately negotiated purchases or otherwise. As a result, Free Cash Flow is a significant measure of our ability to generate long-term value. It is useful for investors to know whether this ability is being enhanced or degraded as a result of our operating performance. We believe the presentation of Free Cash Flow is relevant and useful for investors because it allows investors to view performance in a manner similar to the method used by management. In addition, Free Cash Flow is also a primary measure used externally by our investors and analysts for purposes of valuation and comparing our operating performance to other companies in our industry.

Because Free Cash Flow is not a measure of performance calculated in accordance with GAAP, Free Cash Flow should not be considered in isolation of, or as a substitute for, net (loss) income as an indicator of operating performance or cash flow provided by operating activities as a measure of liquidity. Free Cash Flow, as we calculate it, may not be comparable to similarly titled measures employed by other companies. In addition, Free Cash Flow does not necessarily represent funds available for discretionary use and is not necessarily a measure of our ability to fund our cash needs. Because Free Cash Flow deducts capital expenditures and cash paid or received for investments from "cash flow provided by operating activities" (the most directly comparable GAAP financial measure), users of this information should consider the types of events and transactions that are not reflected. We provide below a reconciliation of Free Cash Flow to the most directly comparable amount reported under GAAP, which is "net cash flow (used in) provided by operating activities." 

Unlevered After-Tax Cash Flow
Free Cash Flow includes cash paid for interest. We also review our cash flow adjusted for cash paid for interest, a measure we call Unlevered After-Tax Cash Flow. Management believes this measure provides investors with an additional important perspective on our cash generation ability. We consider Unlevered After-Tax Cash Flow to be an important indicator of the performance of our businesses and believe the presentation is relevant and useful for investors because it allows investors to view performance in a manner similar to the method used by management. A limitation of the use of this measure is that it does not reflect the charges for cash interest and, therefore, does not necessarily represent funds available for discretionary use, and is not necessarily a measure of our ability to fund our cash needs. Accordingly, this measure should be considered in addition to, not as a substitute for, net cash flow provided by operating activities and other measures of liquidity reported in accordance with GAAP. 

 
Figure 8. Warner Music Group Corp. - Calculation of Free Cash Flow and Unlevered After-Tax Cash Flow, Three & Twelve Months Ended 9/30/13 versus 9/30/12
(dollars in millions)
           
           
    For the Three Months Ended September 30, 2013     For the Three Months Ended September 30, 2012
    (unaudited)     (unaudited)
Net cash flow provided by operating activities   $ 12     $ 102
Less: Capital expenditures     11       8
Less: Net cash paid for investments     721       14
               
Free Cash Flow   $ (720 )   $ 80
               
  Plus: Cash paid for interest     32       -
  Unlevered After-Tax Cash Flow   $ (688 )   $ 80
               
               
    For the Twelve Months Ended September 30, 2013     For the Twelve Months Ended September 30, 2012
    (audited)     (audited)
               
Net cash flow provided by operating activities   $ 159     $ 209
Less: Capital expenditures     34       32
Less: Net cash paid for investments     774       26
               
Free Cash Flow   $ (649 )   $ 151
               
  Plus: Cash paid for interest     206       193
  Unlevered After-Tax Cash Flow   $ (443 )   $ 344
               

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