The Warwick Commission

The Warwick Commission

June 14, 2007 08:00 ET

Warwick Commission to Study Consequences of Doha Development Round During Toronto Meetings

TORONTO, ONTARIO--(Marketwire - June 14, 2007) - In its first overseas meeting, the Warwick Commission on 'The Multilateral Trading System after Doha' meets in Toronto on 15/16 June 2007. An initiative of the University of Warwick, one of the UK's leading universities, the Commission is Chaired by the Hon. Pierre Pettigrew and is made up of 17 other leading experts on world trade. With future meetings and evidence gathering planned for Warwick, England, (September) and New Delhi, India, (October), the Warwick Commission will present its report on the future of the world trade system in Geneva, in December 2007.

As the World Trade Organization (WTO) struggles to conclude the current Doha Development Agenda talks, the Commission has embarked on a year-long search for ways of improving the governance arrangements for the world's trade system. The Commission's work comes against a background of increasing concerns about the viability of the WTO and fears of a drift towards greater protectionism.

During its two-day session, the Commission will consider the results of its survey of 250 experts on the future of trade liberalisation. Covering issues such as the role of the WTO, challenges to the WTO's Dispute Settlement Mechanism, equity in the trade system and the impact of preferential trade agreements, the survey will inform the Commission's thinking.

Canadians and Torontonians will also have a chance to influence the Commission's findings as they are asked about what the trade system means to them and how it can be improved.

The Warwick Commission is Chaired by the Hon. Pierre S. Pettigrew, Executive Advisor, International, Deloitte & Touche LLP. M. Pettigrew is an experienced trade specialist and diplomat and is a former Canadian Minister for International Trade and Minister of Foreign Affairs. He was also Chair of the WTO Working Group on Singapore Issues 2003-4.

Pierre Pettigrew said "I am confident that the mix between new-generation academics and experienced trade practitioners on the Commission will result in a creative, forward-looking and pragmatic report in December."

Professor Richard Higgott, a specialist on trade governance issues from the University of Warwick, is the Commission's Director. He said "Over the coming months the Warwick Commission will be taking a hard look at core issues such as the role of the WTO and equity in the trade system. We aim to have a positive impact on the future of the world trade system after Doha."

Uniquely, the Warwick Commission brings together scholars and practitioners in a forum which will consider the wider systemic and conceptual issues alongside the immediate policy process. The Commission will bring together the theoretical skills of scholars and the practical insights of policymakers to achieve a better understanding of how to take forward the multilateral trading system. The Commission's aim is to reach conclusions which are not just immediately policy focussed, but are also embedded in the wider, longer term context of our understanding of the contemporary global and regional economic and political orders. With the current impasse in the Doha Round negotiations, there is a vacuum to be filled by new ideas and forward-looking measures. The Commission intends to make an early contribution to the inevitable debate about the future of the world trade system.

The Warwick Commission will hold further sessions at the University of Warwick, England, in September and in New Delhi, India, in October before presenting its report in Geneva, Switzerland, in December.

Notes for Editors

1. The Warwick Commission is an initiative of the University of Warwick and is a major programme of independent annual inquiries into issues of global importance. The current inquiry, 'The Multilateral Trading System after Doha', is the first in the series.

2. The University of Warwick is one of the UK's most dynamic and progressive universities and is ranked in the top ten in the UK for the quality of both its research and teaching. Warwick has been a pioneer since its creation forty years ago. It was one of the first UK universities to forge partnerships with commerce and industry to underpin its academic research; and it has been proactive in diversifying its income base by developing commercial businesses and services. Warwick's vision is to become a world leader in research and teaching. We believe that, well within the next forty years, Warwick has the ability to build on its distinct brand and culture, and its formidable reputation in the UK, to emerge as one of a small group of global brands in higher education.

3. The Commission's meeting in Toronto has been arranged with support from Deloitte, one of Canada's leading professional services firms, providing audit, tax, consulting, and financial advisory services through more than 6,800 people in 51 offices. Deloitte operates in Quebec as Samson Belair/Deloitte & Touche s.e.n.c.r.l. Deloitte is the Canadian member firm of Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu.

4. The Warwick Commission website is

Warwick Commissioners

Hon Pierre Pettigrew (Chair)

The Honourable Pierre Pettigrew has had a distinguished career with success in both public and private sectors. He has led a number of senior departments in his 10 years as a minister in successive governments of Canada.

In 1996, prior to his election to Parliament as the member for the constituency of Papineau in March 1996, Prime Minister Jean Chretien appointed him Minister of International Cooperation and minister responsible for "la Francophonie".

Minister Pettigrew was promoted to the key social & economic department of Human Resources Development in October 1996 and from 1999 to 2003, he was a most active minister for international trade in the Chretien Government and Minister of Foreign Affairs in the Martin Government.

Pierre Pettigrew chaired the ministerial meeting of the Free Trade Agreement of the Americas (FTAA) in Toronto in November 1999. He also chaired the working group on implementation (development issues) at the World Trade Organization (WTO) ministerial conference in Seattle in December 1999, and then chaired the working group on Singapore issues (services) at the WTO ministerial conferences of Doha, Qatar in November 2001 and Cancun, Mexico in September 2003.

In December 2003, Prime Minister Paul Martin appointed him Minister of Health, Minister of Intergovernmental affairs and Minister responsible for official languages. He was also the senior minister for Quebec in the Government of Canada.

Between 1985 and 1995, Pierre Pettigrew was with Samson Belair/Deloitte & Touche (Montreal) where he acted as international business consultant.

Pierre Pettigrew served as foreign policy advisor in the Privy Council Office to Prime Minister Pierre Elliott Trudeau from 1981 to 1984. He also served as chief of staff to Liberal leader Claude Ryan during the first referendum in 1980.

An Oxford graduate (Balliol college), Pierre had been director or the Political committee of the NATO assembly in Brussels in the late 1970's.

Pierre is currently back with Deloitte in Toronto as Executive Advisor, International.

Professor Richard Higgott (Director)

Professor Richard Higgott has been Professor of Politics and International Studies at the University of Warwick since February 1996. He was Foundation Director of Centre for the Study of Globalisation and Regionalisation (CSGR) and is now Senior Scientist and Director of the EU Framework 6 Network of Excellence on Global Governance, Regionalism and Regulation (

He was a member of the Australian Government's Trade Negotiation Advisory Group during the Uruguay Round of Multilateral Trade Negotiations.

He is a specialist in trade governance issues.


Professor Cecilia Albin

Cecilia Albin is Professor of Peace and Conflict Research at Uppsala University, Sweden. Her main research interests include international negotiation, issues of justice and ethics, and durable agreements.

Professor Ann Capling

Ann Capling is Professor of Political Science at the University of Melbourne and Director-designate of the Centre for Public Policy. Her main areas of expertise are trade policy, the multilateral trade system, and global economic governance. She is currently undertaking a major research project on the new politics of trade policy in the Asia-Pacific region, with a particular focus on China, India, Mexico, Australia and Canada.

Professor Andrew Cooper

Andrew F. Cooper is the Associate Director of The Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI) and a Professor in the Department of Political Science at the University of Waterloo. He has led training sessions on trade issues/governance/diplomacy in Canada, South Africa and at the WTO in Geneva.

M. Pierre Defraigne

Economist, European Civil Servant from 1970 to 2005. He presently heads eur-IFRI, the Brussels based think tank of the French institute for international relations (Ifri).

Pierre Defraigne has retired as Deputy Director-General in DG Trade in March 2005. He had been formerly Head of Cabinet for Pascal LAMY, European Commissioner for Trade (1999-2002), after having been Director for North-South Relations, and previously Head of Cabinet for Etienne DAVIGNON, Vice-President of the European Commission (1977-1983).

Ambassador Barry Desker

Ambassador Barry Desker is the Dean of the S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies, Nanyang Technological University (NTU) and concurrently Director, Institute of Defence and Strategic Studies, NTU. He was the Chief Executive Officer of the Singapore Trade Development Board from 1994 to 2000, after serving in the foreign service since 1970. He was Singapore's Ambassador to Indonesia from 1986 to 1993, Director of the Policy, Planning and Analysis Division of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, from 1984 to 1986 and Deputy Permanent Representative to the United Nations, New York, from 1982 to 1984.

Dr Heribert Dieter

Heribert Dieter is a Senior Fellow in the Research Unit Global Issues at the German Institute for International and Security Affairs, Berlin. Dr Dieter's current research focus is on the future of the global trading system, which appears to be undermined by the mushrooming of bilateral trade agreements. He has worked on a broad range of issues, including regional integration in the Asia-Pacific, Africa and Central Asia, monetary regionalism. The international financial system has been another area of research.

Professor Jeffrey Dunoff

Jeffrey L. Dunoff is Charles Klein Professor of Law & Government and Director, Institute for International Law & Public Policy at Temple University Beasley School of Law, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

Professor Dunoff has practiced law in Washington, D.C., where he specialized in the representation of developing country governments in international litigations, arbitrations and transactions. Professor Dunoff left practice to accept a Ford Foundation Fellowship in Public International Law at Georgetown, and joined the Temple faculty in 1993. At Temple, his scholarship has focused on public international law and international trade law.

Professor Simon Evenett

Simon J. Evenett is Professor of International Trade and Economic Development at the University of St. Gallen, Switzerland. In addition to his research into the determinants of international commercial flows, Professor Evenett is particularly interested in the relationships between international trade policy, national competition law and policy, and economic development. He has served twice at the World Bank.

Dr Jean-Pierre Lehmann

Dr Lehmann is Professor of International Political Economy, IMD Lausanne, Switzerland & Founding Director of the Evian Group, which he founded in 1995. The Evian Group is a coalition of business, government and opinion leaders from both North and South, committed to an open, inclusive, equitable and robust world economic agenda. Since January 1997 he has been Professor of International Political Economy at IMD in Lausanne, Switzerland.

Dr Patrick Low

Patrick Low is Chief Economist (Director of Economic Research and Statistics) at the World Trade Organization. He was first appointed Chief Economist in May 1997 and then served as Director-General Mike Moore's Chief of Staff from September 1999 to December 2001, after which he returned to his previous post of Chief Economist. He is serving on the Warwick Commission in a personal capacity.

Mr Pradeep Mehta

Mr Pradeep S. Mehta is the founder Secretary General of the Jaipur-based Consumer Unity & Trust Society (CUTS International), a leading economic policy research, advocacy and networking non-governmental group in India, with offices in London, Nairobi, Lusaka and Hanoi. Mehta serves on several policy-making bodies of the Government of India, related to trade, environment and consumer affairs, and is currently advising the Commerce & Industry Minister of India. He has also served as an NGO Adviser to the WTO Director General, Dr Supachai Panitchpakdi. He chairs the advisory committee of the South Asia Watch on Trade, Economics and Environment (SAWTEE), Kathmandu.

Dr Amrita Narlikar

Dr Amrita Narlikar (M.Phil., D.Phil., Oxon) is University Lecturer in International Relations at the Centre of International Studies, University of Cambridge. She is the author of International Trade and Developing Countries: Bargaining Coalitions in the GATT and WTO, London: Routledge, 2003 (hardback), 2005 (paperback), and The World Trade Organization: A Very Short Introduction, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005.

Professor Pierre Sauve

Pierre Sauve is a faculty member and Senior Research Fellow (non-resident) at the World Trade Institute (WTI), in Berne, Switzerland, where he directs a four-year Swiss National Foundation research project on the evolving international regulatory framework in service industries (2005-9). He is a Visiting Fellow and Research Associate in the International Trade Policy Unit at the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE), in London, U.K He served as Canada's services negotiator in the North American Free Trade Agreement and was a staff member at the Bank for International Settlements, the General Agreement on tariffs and Trade and the OECD Trade Directorate.

Dr Mills Soko

Mills is a senior lecturer at the University of Cape Town Graduate School of Business, and a founding director of Mthente Research and Consulting Services. His research interests include international trade, international business, emerging markets, globalisation, foreign direct investment and government-industry relations in South Africa. He was the Director of Policy and Legislative Research in the National Council of Provinces (NCOP), the upper chamber of the South African Parliament and a researcher to the Select Committee on Trade and Industry, Foreign Affairs and Public Enterprises in the NCOP.

Dr Diana Tussie

Diana Tussie directs the Research Program on International Economic Institutions as well as the Latin American Trade Network. She is a senior research fellow at CONICET (National Council for Technical and Scientific Research).

Her latest books include: Luces y sombras de una nueva relacion: el Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo, el Banco Mundial y la sociedad civil (ed.), (2000); The Environment and International Trade Negotiations: Developing Country Stakes, (1999); and The Inter-American Development Bank (1995).

Professor Brigitte Young

Brigitte Young has been professor of International/Comparative Political Economy, Institute of Political Science, University of Muenster, Germany since 1999. Her research areas include globalization and global governance; transformation of the world economy, trade and financial markets; trade in services (GATS and EU); International political economy, feminist macroeconomics.

The Warwick Commission:

The Multilateral Trading System After Doha

The starting assumptions of the Warwick Commission are that:

- the health of the multilateral trade regime depends on more than simply the outcome of the Doha Round

- the health and vitality of a progressively multilateral and just global trade regime cannot be guaranteed by the current 'soft', informal negotiations.

The Warwick Commission will analyse the future of the multilateral trade system after the Doha Round whatever its outcome. Uniquely, it brings together scholars and practitioners in a forum which will consider the wider systemic and conceptual issues alongside the immediate policy process. The Commission will bring together the theoretical skills of scholars and the practical insights of policymakers to achieve a better understanding of how to take forward the multilateral trading system.

The Commission's aim is to reach conclusions which are not just immediately policy focussed, but are also embedded in the wider, longer term context of our understanding of the contemporary global and regional economic and political orders.

The Commission has identified six key questions which need to be addressed:

1. What future role will the WTO have in an increasingly complex and economically inter-dependent world?

2. What will be the future balance between trade liberalisation and rule making in the WTO?

3. How salient are regional and bilateral trade arrangements for the future of the international trade system overall?

4. How salient are the international economic institutions (especially the IMF and World Bank) in determining the direction of trade policy in developing countries?

5. To what extent are the evolving arrangements driven more by political considerations than economic theory?

6. What future is there for cooperative global economic management and for the contemporary global order if politics drives economics?

Warwick Commission Calendar

15-16 June Commission Meeting in Toronto, Canada

21-22 September Commission Meeting in Warwick, England

11 October Commission Seminar)
) New Delhi, India
Commission Plenary)

December Launch of Commission Report, Geneva, Switzerland

Contact Information

  • University of Warwick
    Peter Dunn
    Press and Media Relations Manager
    +44 (0)2476 523708 or mobile/cell +44 (0)7767 655860
    Brent Carey
    Director of Communications
    (416) 874-3858